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Archive for category Israel-Oman Axis-Security Threat to Pakistan

Restrictions imposed on social media by Brig.Gen (Retd) Asif Haroon Raja

Restrictions imposed on social media

Brig.Gen (Retd) Asif Haroon Raja



When I was serving as Director Psychological Operations (PsyOps) in GHQ way back in the early 1990s, I had the privilege of revolutionizing this neglected subject and upgrading its significance in the Army in a big way for the first time. The then Army Chief Gen Asif Nawaz backed my efforts. I had argued that while the armed forces prepared itself during peacetime for the future war by carrying out intensive physical, technical, educational, operational and administrative training and procuring weapon systems in order to defeat the enemies on the battlefield, When proxy war failed to achieve its objectives, the subversive war was further stepped up which is now being termed as hybrid war. It has been made more lethal by adding social media to heighten political polarization and to sharpen the existing divides and to create tensions in civil-military relations. Besides Indian water terrorism, Indo-US-Afghan aggressive tactics are aimed at creating chaos and melting down Pakistan’s economy. remain operative both during peace and wartime to supplement war effort.

Peace time psy ops are akin to pre-H Hour artillery bombardment to soften the adversary from within. The only difference is that the bombardment is noisy and can be responded through counter bombardment, but in case of PSYOPS, the deceptive and pain-free stings and arrows aimed at subverting and controlling the minds are silent and invisible. It is slow-poisoning of the minds to shatter the will to fight. 

Pakistan had gone through the painful experience of the 1971 tragedy in which India had made maximum use of Psy Ops to brainwash the Bengalis. It took Indian psychological operators 23 years of sustained efforts to subvert the minds of the Bengalis and make them love India and detest West Pakistan. All that time, we kept sleeping and didn’t take note of the building storm. Indo-Bengali poisonous propaganda was not countered and no effort was made to show the true face of Hindus who in connivance with the British had turned the Muslim nobility of East Bengal into servitude and had made the region the most impoverished region of united India during the British rule.

Bifurcation of Bengal and making Calcutta part of West Bengal in 1947 further worsened the socio-economic plight of East Bengal. Our successive rulers failed to address the genuine grievances of eastern province and above all to integrate the two widely apart provinces because of which the gap kept widening. The germs of Bengali nationalism were first stoked through language riots in 1953 followed by political and economic deprivations. The youth was systematically indoctrinated by Hindu teachers and professors. In the final act of the drama, Indian protégé Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was given a free hand to build Bengali nationalism and to foment hatred against West Pakistan. Once the small-sized Pak military force lost the support of Bengalis, East Pakistan became a ripe apple to be plucked and it became easier for the Indian military to intervene and win the war on the East front.

After the creation of Bangladesh, RAW turned its attention towards Sindh and Baluchistan but we once again failed to checkmate subversion of the two provinces. By early 1990s, Sindh had turned into a wounded province due to urban-rural divide, while Baluchistan had gone through a full-fledged insurgency in the 1970s. RAW also had a hand in keeping the Pashtunistan issue alive and its footprints were seen in the Saraiki belt. I reminded the policymakers in the Army about the dangers of subversion and the need for a counter plan to thwart its ill effects on the society both at the Army and national levels.  

Indian Psy Ops were aimed at fomenting misgivings, disillusionment, hatred, ethnicity, sectarianism, religious extremism, political polarization, intensifying love for materialism and contaminating the moral turpitude of the society, the effects of which had also seeped into the armed forces. The ultimate aim was to weaken the willpower of the armed forces to fight. All these trends intensified in the 1990s.

India and Pakistan have and continue to have ‘issues’ – skirmishes and confrontation exist over the disputed Kashmir area.

Indian PSYOPS is not well known nor overtly advertised. It is housed within the Indian Army Intelligence Corps.






I held a strong view that no amount of tangible factors will help until and unless the intangibles are also strengthened to build up morals, patriotism and nationalism in the armed forces as well as the society as a whole that had become vulnerable to foreign subversion. I highlighted the need to create awareness about the pitfalls of this silent war in which India had gained substantial expertise. I had given a workable plan to develop defensive and offensive PSYOPS. Had a national Psy Ops Cell been established in 1993 as suggested by me and approved by the GHQ, we would have been in a better position to confront the ongoing hybrid war. 

After 9/11, India teamed up with the US, Israel, the West and the puppet Afghan regime and launched a massive covert war coupled with subversive war to destabilize, denuclearize, secularize and balkanize Pakistan.

It is now an established fact that the US enabled Gen Musharraf regime in 2002 to expand and modernize Pak electronic media by doling out millions of dollars. Most leading media houses were purchased by foreign powers to promote their agenda of demonizing Islam, liberalizing the society, promoting obscenity and vulgarity and deflecting the youth towards a life of fun and frolic. Media was misused to sell tutored perceptions, to clone the minds of the elites, foment extremism, divide the society, and breed extreme hatred. The secular-Islamic divide was widened. 

Purchased proxies were used to destabilize FATA, settled areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Baluchistan. Urban terrorism was ignited with the help of Blackwater, CIA-FBI network, MQM and NGOs duly aided by their toadies.

Army, Rangers, FC and Police had to make sustained efforts from 2009 onward to rollback rural and urban terrorism but at a heavy cost and much to the grief of adversaries of Pakistan. Today, Pakistan can confidently claim that the back of foreign-supported terrorist groups has been comprehensively broken and there is no network or safe haven anywhere in the northwest. Likewise, the militancy of MQM has been busted and the separatist movement in Baluchistan reined in.

Notwithstanding these outstanding achievements that have been acknowledged by the world, the terrorist groups based in Afghanistan in concert with their handlers, facilitators and financiers in Pakistan are still able to carry out random attacks. Nationwide Operation Raddul Fasad coupled with fencing of western border and gradual implementation of National Action Plan are taking care of these aspects adequately.

When proxy war failed to achieve its objectives, the subversive war was further stepped up which is now being termed as hybrid war. It has been made more lethal by adding social media to heighten political polarization and to sharpen the existing divides and to create tensions in civil-military relations. Besides Indian water terrorism, Indo-US-Afghan aggressive tactics are aimed at creating chaos and melting down Pakistan’s economy.

The Army is neither equipped nor has the expertise and capacity to fight back the hybrid war in which electronic and social media are playing a lead role. So far, no plan has been made to counter this menace. As a consequence, the inaudible and concealed hybrid war has been going on unabatedly unchecked.

Unfortunately, the veterans have bolstered the negativity of social media. Instead of behaving maturely, in their exuberance to exhibit love for Pak Army and their parent units, they have been adding fuel to the deplorable media war between the Patwaris (PML-N lovers) and Youthias (PTI lovers), each trying to gun down the other and intensifying intolerance. The disgruntled veterans are using this platform to air their grouses and have crossed all limits of decency by going to the extent of passing filthy comments against each other. The majority which is tilted toward the PTI has been passing loathsome remarks, unbecoming of a gentleman.

As if this was not enough, they divulge information about the happenings in the combat zones. Some have been passing details about ongoing operations much before the desired details could reach GHQ. In some cases, the media received information about an incident in greater details than what was received by GHQ. On occasions, the media pressed the ISPR to confirm the information that is collected from social media and the ISPR couldn’t answer back. This has been happening since some young officers deployed in the combat zones shared information with their retired seniors, or relatives, or in the social media groups run by veterans in which hate-filled articles of civil writers are also shared and lauded.

WhatsApp Groups run by retired unit officers in particular mindlessly divulge names and location of units and officers and intimate details of activities of their units. Likewise, all promotion and postings of senior officers are flashed. Senior veterans taking part in TV talk at times display their political biases and many times have to face embarrassing situations.

No heed was paid by the veterans to several warnings issued by the GHQ. It was also learnt that India, in particular, had penetrated most groups. Facebook is already controlled by RAW from Pune and by the Jews. In the wake of the veterans displaying lack of sense of security and becoming a security hazard and an embarrassment for the Army, the GHQ was compelled to debar serving Army officers and re-employed retired officers from taking part in social media. Restrictions have now been imposed upon the veterans on use of WhatsApp, Twitter and Veterans Groups operative in social media. Retired officers operating groups having military signatures, or created on the basis of military affiliations such as PMA Courses, parent units, staff courses etc have been told to close them or change the title nomenclatures.   

Some of the veterans have resented the move, arguing it shouldn’t be applicable to the retired officers. One by the name of Brig retired Syed Hanif Ahmed has recently circulated his vitriolic write-up on social media, terming the decision as illogical and stupid. While the saner people all across the globe are raising their voices against the hazards of social media which is dividing the families, he has termed the social media as a necessity. In his view, social media helps in keeping the family connected, and in maintaining a bond between the serving and retired officers. He forgets that this bond had been happily kept intact before the birth of social media.

In his jaundiced view, growing bondage between a unit and retired officers and families because of WhatsApp has vexed the senior military leadership. To give vent to his feelings and the questions, “Are we traitors, or are doing something illogical and immoral”? So far, his identity has not been found out and it seems he is fake. In any case, the sort of language he has used is regrettable. Chairman Pakistan Ex-Servicemen Society Lt Gen Amjad Shuaib has deplored it and has viewed the GHQ decision as most appropriate.

In my view, this decision should have been taken much earlier. But as they say, it is never too late. The berserk social media which has of late added another evil in the form of ‘Tip Top’, it needs to be bridled. Likewise, the electronic media which has gone bonkers requires disciplining. Anchors have become omniscient jabbers, firing hate-filled salvos on those whom they don’t like, and trying to influence the minds of decision makers.

To effectively fight the 5th generation war, the policymakers will have to take tough measures. I reckon plans are afoot to strengthen toothless PMRA and make it an effective regulatory authority that can put sense into a wayward approach of media. There is an urgent need to ensure that all avenues of foreign funding to media houses are closed, and all anchors and journalists on the payroll of foreign agencies weeded out. Our media which has become a tool in the hands of adversaries of Pakistan should be streamlined and made into the 4th pillar of the state.

The writer is a retired Brig, a war veteran, defence and security analyst, and author of five books. asifharoonraja@gmail.com   



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Israel at Pakistan’s doorstep: The strategic implications of Oman-Israel relations


Israel at Pakistan’s doorstep: The strategic implications of Oman-Israel relations

Sabtain Ahmed Dar

Sabtain Ahmed Dar |

While every news-outlet in Pakistan fell into the trap of Avi Scharf’s propaganda against Pakistan, Israeli PM Netanyahu paid a secret visit to Oman which has serious repercussions not only for Pakistan but also for the whole South Asia.

On a secret trip to Oman, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was accompanied by his wife, Mossad intelligence Chief Yossi Cohen, National Security Adviser Meir Ben-Shabbat and with other defense officials. The Israeli delegation reportedly flew to Oman on Thursday, 25th October 2018 when Pakistan’s media attention was successfully diverted about the Israeli plane landing in Islamabad.

A lot of countries trusted Oman but the question is will they see Oman as an honest broker? Through Oman, Israel can build secret ties with any player in the region.

It was the first visit by an Israeli leader to Oman in over two decades; the last Israeli leader to visit Oman was Shimon Peres in 1996. Netanyahu’s office said in a statement on Friday, 26th October that the visit came at the invitation of Sultan Qaboos and followed “lengthy contacts between the two countries”. His office added that it formed part of a policy of “deepening relations with the states of the region”.

Just three days before Netanyahu’s visit, President of Palestine Mahmoud Abbas also paid a visit to Oman on 21st October. Surprisingly, on 28th October, Omani officials went again to Palestine to meet President Mahmoud Abbas which indicates the developments relating to the Middle-East peace process are progressing rapidly in a pace where Israel is now for the first time in history leading the role through diplomatic intelligence

Read more: Relations beyond the veil: Pakistan, Israel and the Muslim world

This article is an attempt to analyze three main questions; Why Israel exposed its relations with Oman at this time? What is Israel’s master plan behind gaining a strong foothold in this region? How Israel’s presence can affect the Geopolitics of South Asia?

Israel’s Threat Perception and Geopolitical Strategy

Connecting the Dots

“One of the secrets about ‘Zionist-politics’ is that it intends to compartmentalize its mission into a long span of time by the way of deceptive Geo-political developments or layers. But the end game will always remain the same. Thus, it is essential to connect the dots to see the bigger picture in order to understand Israeli Geo-politics because analyzing each compartment of Israeli strategy in isolation will eventually lead to more confusion.”

Israel visit to Oman is yet another layer to divide the Muslims, as it already raised serious questions regarding the future of Muslim unity among the scholars

Israel’s Geopolitical location is a security nightmare for Israeli defense planners because of the surrounding Arab countries. US calibrate its Middle East policy because of the Israeli Lobby sitting in the United States, who not only controls US foreign policy in the Middle-east but also use US army as its military arm.

According to the author, every US war in the Middle-east ended up in dividing the Muslim countries and thus enhancing the security of Israel. Thus, US grand strategy of regime change in the Middle-east is intended to serve Israel in two ways;

1– Firstly, Strategically replace the leaders of the Muslim countries with those who will recognize Israel as a legit state and will have friendly ties in the future.

2– Secondly, control oil and the gas of the Middle-east through Multi-national corporations which are already owned by most of the Zionist bankers.

Why Israel Exposed her Relations with Oman?

Firstly, Oman can serve as a channel to many countries including Pakistan, Iran, Qatar, and even Syria. A lot of countries trusted Oman but the question is will they see Oman as an honest broker? Through Oman, Israel can build secret ties with any player in the region. For example; India used Oman’s good offices to develop ties with Iran. If Israel gets a strong foothold in Oman through her embassy it can experiment with Pakistan and Iran.


Finally, for Netanyahu exposing the ties with Oman is yet another layer in Israeli Middle-eastern strategy which includes covert alliances and public ones. This article is an attempt to decode all the layers in Israeli Middle-eastern strategy. As an early example; first of the decoded layer explains Israel will only seek to develop covert or overt ties with Sunni nations of movements in an effort to prevent Iran’s spread through the region as well as undermines Tehran’s regional power. And Oman’s Geographical position and the monarchy provide all the tools they need to materialize this strategy.

The Secret: MOSSAD’s Strategy is Encoded in its Slogan “By way of Deception Thou Shalt do War”

There are so many deceptions revolving around Israel approaching Oman. Most of the analysts will see this development in economic or political terms concerning the recognition of Israel or the possible Palestinian state but in reality, it is more than that. The truth about deception is that when it targets a specific object it creates a camouflage (Geo-political confusion) and will never directly expose its hidden objectives because of the secrecy. Israel visit to Oman is yet another layer to divide the Muslims, as it already raised serious questions regarding the future of Muslim unity among the scholars

It is because of this reason through multiple layers on it; they want most of the world thinkers to remain confused about Israel’s Geopolitics. Thus, the role of most of the thinkers in this game becomes more confusing for them and for others too, because they do not know the truth and you merely through empirical political theories want to know the clarity about reality. Which in reality, they will never be able to understand. The author wants to emphasize here that it is because of this reason they categories our intellect as ‘mob psychology’.

The latest development of Oman-Israel ties is the prime example of the forces which are busy in enhancing the security of the state of Israel at the cost dividing the Muslim countries.

As Israeli Professor Israel Shahak, in his book; Jewish History, Jewish Religion: The Weight of Two Thousand Years says on page 89-90; “It is a grave sin to practice any kind of deception whatsoever against a Jew. Against a Gentile (non-Jew) it is only forbidden to practice direct deception. Indirect deception is allowed unless it is likely to cause hostility towards Jews or insult to the Jewish religion”.

One of the secrets about deception in ‘Zion politics’ is that it also intends to compartmentalize its mission into a long span of time, but the end game will always remain the same. Therefore, One must connect the dots and look the bigger picture concerning the pro-Israel US and Israeli strategy in the Middle-east.

Pakistan’s Threat Perception: Pakistan should Learn to Play on Both Sides

“In the age of Hybrid warfare, it is essential for Pakistan that they are being deliberately encircled by her enemies. Thus, its economic developments with other countries must have a military objective in the end”.

Read more: Should Pakistan ‘establish contacts’ with Israel just like KSA?

Pakistan in a Midst of Hybrid War

If we pay close attention to the post-911 South Asia, a whole book of several volumes can be written on Pakistan’s threat perception. But if we only consider the developments of last week, it is plain and clear that Pakistan is the midst of Hybrid war directed against her.

1– International Propaganda campaigns are being conducted; recently it was Israeli newspaper Haaretz spreading falsehood against Pakistan to create a divide in between civil and military leadership.

2– Pakistani banks and data centers are being targeted through Cyberwarfare.

3– India is busy in violating ceasefire agreement of 2003 and killing innocent Pakistanis.

4– the United States is pressurizing the leadership of Pakistan by putting the blame about the loss in Afghanistan war.

5– In the midst of civil unrest, after Supreme Court overturned the death sentence of Aasia Bibi United States Commission on International Religious Freedom calls on the government of Pakistan to release another 40 individuals imprisoned in Blasphemy charges and repeal its blasphemy laws. It is not only an act of meddling into the internal affairs of Pakistan but also adding fuel to the fire.

The port of Duqm is unique — it is artificial crafted for economic and strategic use. As far as Oman’s Salalah is related it is already being used by Indian Air Force and Navy for repair and refueling.

Pakistan must realize the fact that it is being slowly and steadily being encircled by her enemies. The latest development of Oman-Israel ties is the prime example of the forces which are busy in enhancing the security of the state of Israel at the cost dividing the Muslim countries. The only question arises here; why we are not taking right decisions at the right time? It is mainly because of the above-mentioned points in the context of deception on the part of Pro-Israel US and Israeli strategy. The whole Geo-political scenario in South Asia is clearly suggesting that Pakistan is already in a state of war.

US Army Lt. Col. (ret.) Ralph Peters in the June 2006 “Blood Borders”, Peters suggested that a reimagining of Middle Eastern and Asian borders along ethnic, sectarian and tribal lines might ease regional tensions (in reality enhancing the security of Israel by dividing the Muslim countries). The article and the accompanying map were and continue to be widely taken as Washington’s blueprint for imperial meddling.

The boundaries projected in the maps accompanying this article redress the wrongs suffered by the most significant ‘cheated’ population groups, such as the Kurds, Baluch and Arab Shia. The only way to counter the US grand strategy to divide the Muslim countries is to unite the Muslim countries; Pakistan must put herself boldly at the center of this chessboard game and marginalize every pro-Israel US or its proxy move to divide the Muslim world.

“Israel is the only country in the world after Pakistan made independent in the name of religion. No intelligent brain in the world can understand Israel’s Geo-politics without understanding the significance and the influence of Jewish literature in the formation of her foreign policy. Israel is seeking to rule the world from Jerusalem and a nuclear Pakistan is a significant threat and an obstacle to her end game.”

Read more: Five questions on Israel’s controversial Jewish nation law

Oman is Pakistan’s nearest neighbor, only a stretch of 250 miles of sea separates Oman and Pakistan. The view from Muscat sees Pakistan and Iran on the north. Pakistan’s relations with Oman will have a new shift if Oman recognizes Israel officially in the near future. And Pakistan must pay close attention to the new Israel’s presence with US military in Oman.

In the era of unconventional threats from the enemies, a unified economic and military strategy must make sure the security and the development of CPEC and Pakistan’s naval preparedness to tackle the unconventional maritime threat. It is highly important to analyze the challenges in the sphere of unconventional maritime threats emanating from the militarization and nuclearization of the Indian Ocean from the US-India axis.

India with the United States considers CPEC as a threat to their hegemony in the region. India was already late in the understanding of the significance of Duqm port— the US presence is already there from 2013-14 followed by the UK. According to the author, India could have been influenced by the US Intel experts to join their hands on Duqm port to counter rising Pak-China axis.

Pakistan’s economic and military ties with Iran marginalize the strategy of their enemies to create a rift and divide in between them through sectarian or ethnic lines.

India has the closest diplo-political and military ties with Oman not only for economic purposes but also for a ‘symbolic counter’ against Pakistan from the South. Following exactly the same intelligent strategy India through Oman’s good offices developed cordial relations with Iran, following Pakistan’s tilt towards Saudi Arabia India strategically checkmated Pakistan by gaining access to Chabahar port. India’s economic partnership with Iran is part of a grand-strategy to sandwich Pakistan in between Saudi Arabia and Iran.

As China takes over Gwadar in Pakistan, India attempts a security checkmate against it by pursuing Duqm port in Oman, allowing India the ability to checkmate China at the mouth of the Gulf of Oman. The port of Duqm is unique — it is artificially crafted for economic and strategic use. As far as Oman’s Salalah is related it is already being used by Indian Air Force and Navy for repair and refuelling. Thus, Power projection by the rival’s axis is symbolically directed against Pakistan and China.




If Israel gets a strong foothold in Oman through her embassy in Muscat (which is located in northern Oman facing Pakistan and Iran) then for Pakistan it will naturally provide an opportunity to incorporate Iran as a partner in the military drills to balance the power. Lastly, to completely minimize the effect of rival moves against Pakistan through Oman ‘just rope up Oman in CPEC and connectivity corridors and raise the costs of Oman’s compromises’.

Israel’s presence in Oman draws Pakistan and Iran close to each other

After PM Netanyahu returned from Oman, Iran made a public statement that the US and ‘Israel lobby in the United States’ pressuring Muslim countries to normalize ties and the Jewish state was seeking “to create divisions between Muslim countries”.

Read more: “I was not in Israel”, Jemima Goldsmith to Ghinwa Bhutto

Iranian foreign ministry spokesman Bassam Ghasemi said: “This regime seeks to create divisions between Muslim countries and obscure 70 years of usurpation, rape, and killing of the oppressed Palestinians. History and experience show that retreating and acquiescing to the illegitimate demands of the United States and the usurper Zionist regime will make them bolder and more dominant in the region while ignoring the Palestinian people’s legitimate rights,”

According to the author, Pakistan will soon face an awkward situation where most of her Arab allies will recognize Israel as a legit state in the Middle-east. What will Pakistan do in that situation? There is one thing which is plain and clear to the author that If Pakistan recognized Israel as a state. Iran will be isolated in South Asia and this is exactly what the United States and Israel want. It will also provide a chance to the enemies to exploit either overtly or covertly Iran-Pakistan relations on the basis of ethno-sectarian lines. And will eventually result in a total chaos for both countries. Thus, the only way to neutralize this is to develop cordial Diplo-military relations with Iran.

But before this, it is important to realize the fact that peace among the Muslim countries also ensures peace of several regions in the context of the contemporary balance of power system in the world order. A destabilized Middle-east means a destabilized world. It is time for Pakistan to realize the importance of this time and must act as a mediator in between Muslim countries who are already or on the verge of war against each other.

Concluding Thoughts



Read more: ‘PSYOP’ against Pakistan: The ‘Propaganda’ about the Israeli Plane Landing in…

This strategy will create harmony between Pakistan’s Economic and Military objectives. Only through this strategy, Pakistan will have a robust and strong foreign Policy. It is the right time for Pakistan to take bold initiatives in her foreign policy. Following points are the summarized strategies Pakistan must use urgently to not only balance the power against her rivals but also eradicate the menace of state-sponsored terrorism which is hindering the development of Pakistan and peace in South Asia.

1– Pakistan quest for the development of CPEC and Gwadar port requires her diplomats and military leadership to collaborate with Omani counterparts and make sure that Oman’s territory or waters will not be used by ‘The US and I to I axis’ (Israel-India axis) against Pakistan.

2– In the context of the Afghanistan Crisis, it is clear that if there is no peace in Afghanistan there will be no peace in South Asia. Pakistan must seek Russian services of balancing powers in the region to attain regional peace. Russia is the best alternative to the pro-Israel United States to solve the Afghan crisis. Russia is to hold Afghan Peace Talks inviting Afghan leaders for talks with Taliban on 9th November 2018. Pakistan must capitalize this situation in full scale.

3– Pakistan should not discriminate in between Muslim countries through its foreign policy or must not militarily become part of any conflict in between the Muslim countries; otherwise it will provide a chance to its enemies to capitalize on it. For example; on the decision to remain neutral on the Yemen War was intelligently understood by the policy makers of Pakistan that it will trap Pakistan and will allow its enemies to exploit Pakistan-Iran relations. This strategy must continue in the future as well.

4– Pakistan needs another ‘I’ to counter ‘I to I axis’ (Israel-India axis) and that ‘I’ for Pakistan is Iran. Pakistan’s economic and military ties with Iran marginalize the strategy of their enemies to create a rift and divide in between them through sectarian or ethnic lines. Also, the solution to Baluchistan crisis which affects the development of CPEC lies in the cordial relations with Iran.

5– Lastly, It is time to take bold initiatives for the sake of the regional peace and it is time that Pakistan must send a symbolic message to the world by incorporating Iran after Saudi Arabia in CPEC. This economic integration will raise the cost of War in between Saudi Arabia and Iran. Thus, it will put Pakistan in a strategic advantage over the enemies who are seeking a perpetual divide in between Muslim countries.

Sabtain Ahmed Dar is currently doing MPhil. in International Relations from the Department of Political Science, Punjab University, Pakistan. He specializes in Pakistan affairs and Israel’s geopolitics, specifically the US strategy in the Middle East and South Asia. He has written a thesis titled ‘The Clash of Islam and Zionism: The final clash before the End of History’. The views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Global Village Space. 

Reference:  Originally Published in Global Village Space.com

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