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Unity won us the 65 War with India by R Umaima Ahmed, Staff Writer, The Nation, Pakistan

 


A Pakistani soldier captured these five Indian soldiers single-handedly at Wagah.

 

Unity Won us the 1965 War with India

R Umaima Ahmed

 

Within a short period of 18 years of its existence Pakistan came to fight a full fledged war with India. Prior to this there had been various skirmishes between the two countries.The Indian Commander in Chief had boasted that he will have his drinks in lawns of the Lahore Gymkhana at 10 am on 6th September but he had did not have luck on his side and the Indian soldiers fearing of being encircled and trapped got on their nerves and they retreated.On 6th September 1965 afternoon Pakistan’s President Field Marshal Ayub Khan spoke to the nation on Pakistan Radio and said, “Mere Aziz Humwatno, Dushman nai janta usne kis kaum ko lalkara hia (The enemy does not know whom it has challenged as a nation).” While speaking to people who had heard that speech say it was obvious that no one was afraid that the war had started. Instead everyone was jubilant and wanted to take part in it as much as they could. The army conveys on the move were stopped by people who brought food for them, ladies gave them their gold ornaments. The next day people witnessed the famous aerial dog fight over Lahore which was not only praised by the public but people abroad too. The Nation interviewed three retired army men who took part in the war Brig Rauf Ahmed Khan, Lt Col Syed Mukhtar Hussain, another officer who wanted to remain anonymous and an Admiral Tasneem Ahmed of the Pakistan Navy. Following are excerpts of the interview: Vice Admiral Ahmed Tasneem was commissioned in Royal Australian Navy 1.1.57 after initial training in UK. “Then I was posted as ADC to FM Ayub khan. This is the time when Ayub Khan took the famous visit to the US and persuaded Kennedy to give submarine to Pakistan Navy. I asked him to relieve me so I could join the submarine force. He agreed and I was part of the crew that went to US for training and brought back PNS Ghazi for induction in the PN through Suez Canal. Later Ghazi joined the fleet in 1965 and played a decisive role with me as 2nd in command. “We patrolled around Bombay to test Indian defenses for 30 days then came back, we sailed again on 1st and the war started on the 6th. It was obvious since the incidents in May and June at Raan of Kutch and Kashmir and some across border activity. Our main achievements were: 1. We had a submarine no other country had in the region which was a force multiplier and it weighed heavily in our favour. In fact the Indian Navy did not come out of harbor due to the Ghazi threat. 2. Navy was very well trained under the CINC Admiral AR Khan. The nation was united and spirit was high. Forces fight with nation’s support. Indians did not want to lose their ships to Ghazi. Even Vikrant the aircraft carrier did not come out. The operation was planned for 7th and 8th September night. Seven ships went to 5 miles off dwarka and each lunched 50 rounds, it had three effects1, blocked the IN port2, Radar knocked out which reduced the air effort3, PN morale raisedHe explained how the Navy reacted to President Ayub Khan’s speech. “Launching an attack is declaration of war. We were in enemy waters when we heard of the attack on Lahore, and heard the speech of Ayub Khan. The speech raised the morale of the sailors and they were charged with the spirit to defend the motherland. The nation’s unity was a factor, and coordination between the three forces was a decisive factor.“Ghazi’s antenna seal leaked so we had to return for mainland on 12th or 13th September. So to hide the fact that Ghazi was in dock for repairs, we were put in a floating dock and the water was not pumped out so we could be hidden. However we went in at high tide and when the tide turned the submarine tilted I had gone home to take a bath and I got a call and I ran back to port to save the sub. So that was an incident in which we almost lost the sub in dock rather than in battle.“In 1965 Pakistan was one dimensional force barring one submarine, today we are a four dimensional arm, sub, surface, air and marine arm. Money is always a concern, and today the navy is deployed in many areas, including anti-terrorism and anti-piracy duties on high seas, for the last two years. So we need to keep it afloat; ships are expensive but politics and such often plays a role in this. We need more fuel we have load shedding we need fuel for power generation, sea routes carry our exports, so if a port is blocked we run into myriad problems of movement.Brig Rauf Ahmed Khan joined the Pakistan Military Academy Kakul in May 1960 and after two and a half years of training he got commission in 9 FF in October 1962. The battalion was located in Malakand fort then, and later moved to Kharian where it was garrisoned when the war started. “On 6 September we got the orders to reach Pasrur, we left Kharian at 2:30pm. I was leading the convey from Kharian in my jeep, when reached near the Wazirabad bridge I saw there were some 15 to 20 people standing there, including women. I told them to clear the road as the war has started and the enemy may carry out an air attack. They were there with four big buckets of milk, which they had brought for us. We could not carry all of it, and it would have been very impolite if we refused them outrightly. So we all took a few sips of it, thanked them and left with their well wishes and prayers. This was the passion of the public and support for the army on that day.“When I was in the Battalion headquarter at about 3 pm we got a message that Lt Qudus Mirza the Artillery observer needed to be evacuated as he was injured in the firing. He was not only my batch mate but part of my platoon so I told my CO that I will take the task to evacuate him. I went with my driver in a jeep.“I learnt that Lt Qudus Mirza was attacking the enemy tanks with anti-tank recoilless rifle. His Hawaldar had destroyed three enemy tanks, but when the dust rose it was visible to the enemy where they were being attacked from. The enemy’s fourth tank fired at the position and the Anti-tank rifle crew embraced shahadat, and Lt Qudus was a injured when a shrapnel hit his leg. He was laid in a trench, but as he was in great pain when I reached, we made sure he should be taken out with care and put into the jeep. I briefed his hawaldar to take Lt Qudus to the nearest first aid camp as soon as possible. As soon as Lt Qudus Mirza left we heard an attack from Phillora side, we had expected that the jeep would have been attacked. But years later when I met Lt Qudus he said if I had not told them to speed away from that area he may not have lived.He speaks of the time that was just before 6 September. “There were skirmishes in the area of the Raan of Kuch starting in April-May. Operation Gibraltar got underway in August and Operation Grandslam in September. We definitely were witnessing things leading to war. The Army was mentally and physically prepared and it was beyond understanding how the Foreign Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto had thought that in reply to these operations how the enemy would not cross the international borders. It was a faulty analysis by him. We have been very unfortunate because we had secured a large amount of area in Operation Grand Slam we had reached Jaurian and Indian army was on the run, but we paid a heavy price when General Akhtar Malik was removed and Gen Yahya was given the Command against all norms and protocol and against teachings of battle. Gen Yahya took 36 hrs to assess and re-plan the operation and that gave time to India to regain its position and hit back. This one decision was a great loss. However by that time the PAF had gained superiority and that helped is stopping the counter attack by the Indians.”Col Mukhtar was commissioned in July 53, posted to 9 FF in Kharian Cantt in the unit. He spoke about the start of war said; Army was already deployed in field location and expected an Indian attack sometime. “We were at Kharian, and moved to battle location on 6th September. When we moved out on 6 sept to Pasrur our battle location, middle of night 6/7 September we got information that there was threat of Indian para-drop at Eimenabad near Gujranwala to cut the Lahore-Pindi GT road, we moved at night and early morning of 7th four Indian aircraft flew over us to hit Sargodha, were shot down by MM Alam and they did not return. We then moved back to Chowinda sector. On the evening 10-11, around 8 pm we got orders to move to relieve 24 Brigade around Phillora cross, and the battalion occupied the area of the brigade, that is a company to occupy a battalion position each. They moved to Chowinda while we blocked Phillora. The morning saw Indian tank assault and one company was over run and an antitank crew hit tanks and slowed the assault, one company on area 40 r was untouched. We came under heavy artillery and tank attacks but we stood our ground and gave 24 Brigade the needed 24 hours to defend the area.“We started pulled out on orders from HQ on 11th and were told that Phillora cross was secure. However, when we got there it was under Indian occupation, and we were hit again. However, our troops shouted at the Indian soldiers repeating Ayub’s “tum nae kis qaum ko larkara hai.” We managed to fight and blunt the Indian assault, and captured an Indian officer also. I put him in a jeep and told Captain Mehdi to take him to the HQ but in the cross fire later the driver and Indian officer were killed. We extricated ourselves in small groups, I was the last man to come out of there and there was a Sherman tank there I went round it and I saw that a rocket launcher person Naik Dilbagh and said come lets fire at this tank, but he said his number two was not with him. The next day I reached the HQ, and was told by the adjutant that they had given us up as dead, and were about to send a missing believed killed report. The area was littered with disabled tanks, and 11 cavalry and 25 cavalry proved better than the Indian tanks.”Col Mukhtar spoke about the ceasefire. “Before cease fire a brigade of 1st armored division which was at Khem Kharan – Lahore had joined us. An counter attack was planned to encircle Indian troops, but Sahibzada Yaqub armor expert at Corps HQ said these troops are not corps or army but national reserve and postponed the counter attack as cease fire was also coming so it was postponed.”He gave his views on Tashkant saying, “As for tashkaent as far as we the troops and army knew it was the higher level government decision, but Gen Musa the chief had been fighting for increase of Infantry division in the army, Shoaib the finance minister refused to give the money. Six lancers had infiltrated India and were almost at Amritsar, but due to no infantry support had to pull back. It is said that Gen Musa then went and threw the file at Shoaib and told him that the infantry div would have meant that Amritsar would have been with Pakistan today, and we would also not have let India enter our territory even by a single yard. As far as Tashkenst, Bhutto was an evil genius with his own designs, and he never told the nation about what happened there. After the war I was then posted to the newly raised 21 FF in Sialkot and I wrote in the monthly report that Bhutto has resigned due to health reasons and we pray for his health. The acting CO called me and said why tell a lie, he has resigned to go against Ayub Khan. But I am glad to say 9 FF was able to give the much needed time of almost 36 hours to 24 brigade, which carried the day.”“Personally feel Pakistan has a great future especially with coming closer to china and started thinking independently and not following dictates of others. We have a wonderful future Pakistan will emerge as a strong nation in the region and easily dominate Indian strategy or game. Strength of conviction is that the nation is united today for this effort,” he said regarding the future of Pakistan. “Performance and achievements were such that people started believe that like angels can in Badar, same happened here, it was the performance that carried the day. As for suicide attacks on tanks I have not seen myself but there were sugarcane fields in the area and men could not be seen in it, and there were instances where a soldier went thru the crop and put an antitank mine in front of the tanks track, if anyone of those died I can’t say if that is where these stories got currency.”On how the war ended Col Mukhtar says, “11th September was Quaid’s death anniversary and also it was the day 9 FF stopped the Indian assault and saved the country. Devine help … nothing visual seen, but Allahs help was there, there was no way to get out without that, especially when coming out of Phillora the intensity of fire was too much to be saved from without Allahs help.Allah, Artillery, Air Force the three A’s“11 Cavalry command vehicle had fallen in enemies hands, and they were listening to all our wireless communications. Guides Cavalry sent to relieve 9 FF however they were too thin on ground and stretched so were asked to fall back leaving 9 FF alone to face the enemy. We extricated in small groups and that in itself was a help from Allah,” Col Mukhtar said. Another retired army officer shared his views on condition on anonymity. In September 1965 he was a captain and Pakistan had a situation going on in Kashmir, the Pakistan Army has been moved to the borders, and was undergoing fulltime training and preparing for a full-fledged war, which left us with no time to have any apprehensions regarding the war. “We were focusing on only one thing and that was on how to give the enemy a befitting reply,’ he said. When asked about the one thing that could be the trigging point of 1965 war he replied, “Operation Gibraltar triggered some activity in Kashmir, and India over reacted to it, which was not acceptable to us. The response to Kashmir should have been limited to Kashmir but their reaction got the situation out of control and headed to war. But there was a flaw at our end too;on our side we should have launched Operation Gibraltar with proper preparation which would have led to lesser problems. We then followed up with the operation with Grand Slam, which was an attack in the Chamb area to get to Akhnoor and cut the line of communications going to Kashmir. That operation ran into difficulties again when the chain of command was changed midway, and Indians attacked the International Borders. We had a close fight, in which artillery and Pakistan Air Force responded with full might and stopped them (Indian’s) at the border, where they even lost some territory.”Regarding Tashkant Declaration he said, “It was not so bad for Pakistan, we could have had a better deal, but Mr Bhutto did what was needed and it could not have been possible without the consent of the President (FM Ayub Khan).”On how to find a place in the international community again, he said “Pakistan needs to sort out its internal situation so that it can earn a standing in the International community. Our strategic locations potential can only be realized with, internal security, bilateral relations with all the neighbors, be part of the global financial groups’ like EU, SAARC, IMF etc., so that our trade ties expand and helps us to revive our position.”While the debate of who won and who lost the 1965 war between Pakistan and India, one thing stands out even today 50 years after the war ended, that the Pakistani nation stood united as one, behind the armed forces, and rather than going in trenches to save their lives they stood on the roof tops of their houses to applaud the Air Force against the enemy planes. People stopped the military convoys on the road and offered food and milk to the soldiers. And everyone was taken up by the spirit of 65.History teaches us many lessons, a smaller force took on a larger force and stood its ground against all odds, what united the nation was the “spirit” and unity in the faith which came to the fore in the discipline that the nation and the armed forces displayed in the hour of trial.We need the same spirit today so that we as a nation are able to get our place in the comity of nations and not be labeled as anything but a resiliently alive nation! g

Published in The Nation newspaper on 06-Sep-2015

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SAY “NO” TO NAWAZ SHARIF

 SAY “NO” TO NAWAZ SHARIF

Apr
28
2012

Documents Point To Sharifs $32 Million Corruption Scandal

Following documents have been placed before the Supreme Court and National Accountability Bureau (NAB) alleging Nawaz Sharif involvement in $32 millions corruption scandal.

 

Feb
22
2012

NAB may open more cases against Sharifs

ISLAMABAD: The National Accountability Bureau (NAB) is preparing to take up cases against PML-N chief Nawaz Sharif and Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif.

According to sources, the cases relate to default of Rs4.9 billion loans obtained from nine banks in 1994-95.

“Cases against Sharif brothers were to be approved in a recent NAB board meeting but were deferred on the directives of the Chairman, Admiral (retd) Fasih Bokhari,” an official of the bureau said on Monday.

The chairman is reported to have said that all pending cases about politicians would be taken up soon.

The NAB spokesman was not available for comment.

The bureau had earlier frozen some assets of the Sharif family against which the loans had been taken.

The Supreme Court upheld in January a judgment of the Lahore High Court asking NAB to release the assets of the Sharif family. It dismissed an appeal by NAB Prosecutor General K.K. Agha against LHC’s Oct 4, 2011, directive to the bureau to return Rs115 million and property of Hudabiya Paper Mills lying with the National Bank, Islamabad.

The sources said the assets had not been released so far.

The prosecutor general had told the Supreme Court that before heading to Saudi Arabia in December 2002, Nawaz Sharif had consented to return money to NAB under an agreement.

When contacted, PML-N spokesman Mushahidullah said the party’s chief and his family were not defaulters of any bank loan. “That was the reason Nawaz Sharif demanded of the government to make public details of all bank loans not repaid by politicians,” he said.

Replying to a question, he said the value of the frozen assets was far higher than the amount of loans obtained. “Once their assets are released, they will pay the loans,” he said.

The loans were taken from the NBP, Habib Bank, United Bank, Muslim Commercial Bank, Punjab Mudaraba, Bank of Punjab, Agriculture Development Bank, Pakistan Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation and ICP Bank.

During the proceedings in the Supreme Court, the NAB prosecutor general submitted an agreement signed by Nawaz Sharif and the Musharraf government.

The LHC had declared the taking over of property of the petitioners as unconstitutional, ultra vires under NAO, 1999, and without lawful authority. It had also ordered payment of compensatory cost of Rs150,000 per petition to Hudabiya mills, Nawaz Sharif, Shahbaz Sharif and Mian Mohammad Abbas Sharif.

 

Jan
31
2012

Expensive govt land on Murree Road allotted illegally

ISLAMABAD: Government land costing billions of rupees on the Murree Road has allegedly been allotted.

While widening the Murree Road in 1998-99, the then Punjab chief minister, who also holds the post now [Shahbaz Sharif], had decided to allot alternate land instead of financial compensation to some of the affected persons.

Working swiftly, the Highways Department first got transferred six acres of land on the main Murree Road owned by the Agriculture Department in their own names and then transferred it illegally to fake victims.

The Revenue department had also declared the allotment illegal six years back. After probe, it was learnt that land was provided to Raja Abdul Latif without any legal justification ignoring the legal claimant Zia Rashid.

Likewise, Raja Shafqat, son of Raja Mohammad Siddiq, was also allotted land while the actual claimant, Mohammad Hashim Khan, son of Haji Manzoor Hussain, was ignored. Two other real claimants Mohammad Usman and Jamila Akhtar were also not included in the list.

A six-member committee consisting of officials of the Revenue and Highways departments in the light of a detailed report of tehsildar Rawalpindi had ruled that all bogus allotments may be cancelled and the land illegally allotted maybe got vacated. The committee had also ruled that the genuine affected persons may be given alternate lands elsewhere.

source: http://www.thenews.com.pk/TodaysPrintDetail.aspx?ID=12142&Cat=13

 

Nov
14
2011

The Punjabi Taliban

Rana Sanullah and Muhammad Ahmed Ludhianvi of Sipah-e-Sabah

Punjab, with Lahore as its bustling capital, contains half of Pakistan’s population. The provincial government is in the hands of the conservative, mildly Islamist party of a former prime minister, Nawaz Sharif. In a speech in March his brother, Shahbaz Sharif, who is chief minister, pleaded with the Taliban to leave Punjab alone as his administration shared their ideology of keeping out “foreign dictation” (ie, Americans). Officials bristle at comparisons between Punjab, which is moderately well run, and the lawless tribal areas.

It is correct to say that there has been no territorial takeover by extremists in any part of the province, nor any enforcement of Islamic law. However, Punjab functions as an ideological nursery and recruiting ground for militants throughout the country. Distinctions between the Taliban in the north-west and older jihadi groups in Punjab have broken down. The federal government says Punjabi groups have been responsible for most of the big terrorist attacks in the province.

Punjab’s minister of law, Rana Sanaullah, went on the campaign trail in February with the reputed head of Sipah-e-Sahaba, for a by-election in the southern town of Jhang. The two rode through the streets in an open-top vehicle. The minister says that he was just trying to bring the group into the mainstream. Jhang is Sipah-e-Sahaba’s headquarters; the group makes little effort to hide its presence there.

Another outfit, Jaish-e-Mohammed, is based in Bahawalpur, also in southern Punjab, where it has a huge seminary. Former members of both organisations are integral parts of the Pakistani Taliban. Another group, Lashkar-e-Taiba, blamed for the devastating attack on Mumbai in 2008, also has Punjab as its home. “The Punjab government is not only complacent, there is a certain ambivalence in their attitude” towards extremists, says Arif Nizami, a political analyst based in Lahore. “They compete for the religious vote bank.”

Source: http://www.economist.com/node/16281220

 

Oct
27
2011

Will Nawaz Answer Why PML-N Lawyer Garlanded a Confessed Murderer?

 

Mr Falur Rehman Niazi sahib, who is president of PML-N lawyers wing federal capital Islamabad and is a lawyer himself and has been president for many years, he garlanded a self confessed murderer. Please answer Nawaz Sharif

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Oct
24
2011

Students Protest Corruption of Sharifs

Students protest corruption of Sharifs

Recent agitation against the Punjab government on the intermediate result fiasco, underscores the growing wedge between the youth and a Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) desperate to woe the younger generation. The protests could not have come at a worse time for the Sharif’s, who are trying to mobilise the public against the federal government. Following the cancellation of the intermediate exams at four Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education (BISE) centres in Punjab, students and the youth have raised fingers at the credentials of the Punjab Chief Minister (CM) to mount an anti-corruption campaign against the federal government. The failure of the online examination system across Punjab has sparked anger that now risks the 28 October rally by the Sharif brothers against the federal government, Pakistan Today learnt on Sunday.

Students have asked on what grounds are the Sharif brothers taking out a rally against corruption when the education boards in their own province had become the hub of corruption. While the Punjab CM was visiting education institutes to garner support, the cancellation of Inter-1 result at four BISE boards, including Lahore, Gujranwala, Multan and Faisalabad, sparked rage amongst students who chanted slogans against Shahbaz and Nawaz Sharif and set Punjab government advertisements on fire. After his Inter result was cancelled, student Wasif Ali said,

“Everytime I find the Punjab CM criticising corruption by the federal government, I want to ask him: what happened at the four BISE boards, Mr CM?”
– Wasif Ali

“Is it because of his love for education that no permanent education minister has been appointed in Punjab,” he said, “the education ministry has failed due to its incompetence and the CM should not expect the youth to turn up at his rally.”

“The parents of female students are sitting on roads and chanting slogans against the Punjab government but his government has ordered police to beat up students protesting for their rights. Why should we join him in the rally?” Kashif asked. Another intermediate student, Adeel Ahmad said it was ironic the PML-N was holding a rally against corruption when the CM himself was supervising corruption in Punjab. “While Shahbaz has rightly suspended the BISE Chairman and Controller, no action has been initiated against the man behind the fiasco, BISE It Consultant Dr Majid Naeem, who is related to a PML-leader,” Adeel said.

He said it was common knowledge that Dr Majid had corruptions cases registered against Majid, who had been terminated from Punjab University on corruption charges. He said the fact that the PML-N was turning a blind eye to Majid’s corruption, showed their hypocrisy.
http://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2011/10/%E2%80%98clean-up-your-own-house-first%E2%80%99/

 

Oct
24
2011

PML-N polluting the Mall with banners

PML-N PTI banners polluting mall

As Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) and Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) battle through banners, Parks and Horticulture Authority (PHA) is unable to regulate the display of banners which has officially been banned on the Mall and other major roads of the city, Pakistan Today has learnt. The Mall is heavily polluted by an array of banners that have been put up to advertise the PML-N rally on October 28, from Nasir Bagh to Bhatti Chowk, and the PTI rally on October 30 in Minar-e-Pakistan, following a lack of implementation of the ban. A senior official of PHA said it appeared as if political parties were questing to achieve political glory by attracting people to join their causes but neither did they consider the ban nor did they consider how adversely it polluted the road. He said some of the banners hanged through electric poles and traffic signals after last night’s windstorm. Some had fallen on the road, dirtying it while most poles displayed three to four banners which looked unsightly, he added.

In front of the Punjab Assembly, PML-N banners with pictures of Nawaz Sharif, Shahbaz Sharif and Hamza Shahbaz bearing political slogans were seen. On the other stretch of the road, PTI banners could be sighted in the proximity of the Governor House.

Javed Jabbar, a resident of lower Mall, told Pakistan Today that the unsightly banners were a cause of concern for citizens. He also noted that the government’s promise to keep the Mall free from banners had not been fulfilled.

Source: http://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2011/10/pha-helpless-against-pti-pml-n-%E2%80%98war-of-banners%E2%80%99/

 

Oct
14
2011

Nawaz’s secret dash to Dubai

PML-N President, Mian Nawaz Sharif, made an unannounced dash to Dubai Thursday afternoon and returned to Pakistan the same evening. The visit was kept completely under wraps and even the senior most party leaders had no idea that their leader had gone missing from the country for a few hours.

According to a source, Mr. Sharif also held an “important meeting lasting a couple of hours” with some undisclosed individuals; however no further details were available on this count and could not be confirmed by another independent source.

According to details, Nawaz Sharif landed in Dubai late afternoon and drove straight to the residence of Senator Ishaq Dar, whose son is married to Nawaz Sharif’s daughter. When contacted, Senator Pervez Rashid (PML-N) insisted that there was nothing unusual or “mysterious” about the visit and that Mr. Sharif had gone to Dubai to meet his daughter and to deal with some family matters.

Responding to another query he said, “Mian sahib had planned this private visit for a while but we (party leadership) had asked him to postpone it because of the evolving political situation here at home. Now he felt that he could afford to take out a few hours for this visit,” adding, “Please do not read anything into a simple private family visit”. When asked about the need to keep the visit a secret, Senator Rashid shrugged off the assertion by saying, “It was a private visit, that’s why”.

It may be recalled that in the past however, every time Mr. Sharif went on a ‘private’ visit either to the UK or the UAE, maximum media coverage was always ensured by his political aides and respectable sized reception parties were assembled at the destination airports. Why this past tradition was suddenly abandoned and a blanket of secrecy thrown over the visit, only time will tell.

SOURCE: http://www.thenews.com.pk/TodaysPrintDetail.aspx?ID=9538&Cat=13

 

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