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 HEALTHY WOMAN A BRIDGE TO A DEVELOPED NATION by Dr. Faisal Khan

 

 HEALTHY WOMAN

A BRIDGE TO A DEVELOPED NATION

Dr. Faisal Khan

M.B.B.S, SMLE, MPH, MCPS, MRCPCH-UK (Scholar)

Al-Dar Hospital Madina Munawara, Saudi Arabia.

 

 

Women are the heart of the family and a family is the basic unit of civilized society.  If women are emotional, physically, and spiritually healthy than the society will be healthy as well. If women are broken, unhealthy and depressed then society will be unhealthy and depressed as well. Women are the superglue that holds together the whole family unit, thus hold together society.  Without healthy, strong and determined women, society is indeed in a detrimental state. A healthy woman will have a healthier child. It’s a reality, women who are healthy are more able to bear healthy infants and raise healthy children.  Women who are physically, mentally and emotionally healthy are more able to raise their children to be decent examples, good citizens, and to inspire and encourage them for better education.

While part of this is due to their reproductive and sexual health needs, they also have more chronic health issues such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, mental illnesses, diabetes, osteoporosis and anaemia. Women have a physiological process called menstruation occurring every month in specific days, some women suffer from heavy periods menorrhagia (A flow of more than 80 ml (or 16 soaked sanitary products) per menstrual period is considered menorrhagia). This physiological process may bring women to have iron deficiency anaemia. In most developing countries, more than one-third of women have anaemia. Blood contains iron within red blood cells. Women with heavy periods are at higher risk of iron deficiency anaemia because they lose blood during menstruation. Moreover, Slow chronic blood loss within the body, such as from a peptic ulcer, a hiatal hernia, a colon polyp or colorectal cancer also can cause iron deficiency anemia in women.

 

 

 

Saba Hamid’s Pond’s Miracle Women

Picture Courtesy-Pond & Saba Hamid

 

 

 

Every woman needs to increase their calcium intake to reduce the risk of osteoporosis and other calcium deficiency diseases. The decline in the level of hormone estrogen during menopause reasons a woman’s bones to thin faster. Hypoparathyroidism (a hormonal disorder) may also become a reason for calcium deficiency disease. In most of developing countries, the majority of women are suffering from thyroid diseases due to iodine deficiency. Moreover, getting enough iodine is especially important for pregnant and breastfeeding women, as they have higher needs. An iodine deficiency may cause serious side effects, especially for the baby, such as stunted growth and developmental problems.

Goitre is also more common in women than in men and especially in women before menopause. A thyroid gland produces thyroid hormone, which controls many activities in the body. Diseases of the thyroid gland make it produce either too much or too little of the hormone. Depending on the amount of hormone produced by thyroid gland most of the women may often feel restless or tired, or they may lose or gain weight because women are at higher risk than men to have thyroid diseases, especially right after pregnancy and after menopause. When thyroid gland becomes overactive and makes too much thyroid hormone, that person is said to be hyperthyroid. The most common reason for hyperthyroidism in women is the autoimmune condition, generally known as Graves’ disease, where antibodies target the gland and cause it to speed up hormone production. It is caused by irregular and abnormal immune system response that causes the thyroid gland to produce too much thyroid hormone. Graves’ disease is most common in women over the age of 20 years.

In developing and underdeveloped countries majority of women spending most of time at their homes, so their exposure to sunlight is very limited, which caused deficiency of vitamin D. In one recent study, Women with vitamin D deficiency were nearly twice as likely to experience bone pain in their legs, ribs or joints compared to those with blood levels in the normal range. Low blood levels of vitamin D is a major contributing factor to bone pain and lower back pain. Different case studies have shown that very low blood levels can cause fatigue that has a severe negative effect on quality of life. In most of the cases, women who complained of chronic daytime fatigue and headaches were found to have very low vitamin D blood level. Symptoms of bone pain and muscle weakness mean the patient may have a vitamin D deficiency. Women are with low blood levels of vitamin D at higher risk of cardiovascular disease, cognitive impairment in older ladies, Severe attacks of asthma and cancer. Vitamin D deficiency leads to secondary hyperparathyroidism due to low serum calcium. This condition can result in high bone turnover, increased bone resorption and the development of osteopenia, leading to rickets in children and both osteomalacia and osteoporosis in women. Vitamin D could play a major role in the prevention and treatment of a number of different diseases, including type1 and type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, hypertension, glucose intolerance, and multiple sclerosis.

Pregnancy is 200 to 300 times deadlier in developing and the underdeveloped world if there is a lesser gap between pregnancies, malnutrition and poor antenatal facilities. At the same time in developing countries, neonatal mortality is 14 times higher than in the developed world. According to research from the University of British Columbia, when moms wait for at least 12 to 18 months to get pregnant again, both they and their babies have a lower risk of encountering health problems. In recent research, it is proved that all infants had a greater risk of health problems if moms got pregnant less than a year after giving birth to their last child. Those women are at higher risk of spontaneous preterm birth or giving birth before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Compared with babies conceived 18 months to 23 months after a previous pregnancy, research shows that a short gap between pregnancies may mean your baby’s more likely to be born premature, have a low birth weight, small for gestational age. All risks are particularly increased if a woman has a gap of six months or less. It is understandable that the body needs time to recover from the stress of last pregnancy and to replenish its nutrients.

If the previous baby was born by caesarean section it is advised to have a gap of at least one to two years before becoming pregnant again. This is especially important if a woman wants a vaginal birth. If the gap between pregnancies is more than 2 years then there’s only a very low risk of caesarean scar tearing during vaginal birth, but this risk is increased significantly if the gap between pregnancies is less than six months.

Majority of women in the developing world are mostly malnourished, having protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies. This continues to be a major health burden in developing countries. It is worldwide the major risk factor for illness and death, with millions of pregnant women and young children particularly affected. Deficiencies of iron, iodine, vitamin D, A and zinc are the main manifestations of malnutrition in women living in developing and underdeveloped countries. In these communities, a high prevalence of poor diet and infectious disease regularly unites into a brutal circle.

Although treatment protocols for severe malnutrition have in recent years become more efficient, but the majority of women, especially in rural areas, have little or no access to formal health services and are never seen in such basic health providing units. There is a serious need for interventions to prevent protein-energy malnutrition in women through promoting food supplementation schemes for breastfeeding mothers, whereas micronutrient deficiencies would best be addressed through food-based plans such as dietary variations through home gardens and small livestock like chickens, eggs, milk and yoghurt. The fortification of salt with iodine has been a global success story, but other micronutrient supplementation schemes have yet to reach vulnerable female populations sufficiently. To be more effective, all such steps and interventions need to be associated with nutrition-education campaigns and health interventions. To achieve the hunger- and malnutrition-related developmental goals, we need to address poverty, which is clearly associated with the insecure supply of food and nutrition in underdeveloped areas of developing countries.

We should keep in mind that malnutrition in women continues to be a major public health problem throughout the developing world, particularly in South Asia and Africa. Due to gender discrimination women, there are frequently deficient in macronutrients and micronutrients or both. The high prevalence of bacterial and parasitic diseases in women living in underdeveloped areas of developing countries contributes greatly to malnutrition there. Similarly, malnutrition increases one’s susceptibility and severity to infections and is thus a major component of illness and death from diseases. Malnutrition and undernourishment are the major important risk factors for the burden of disease in developing countries. Malnutrition is the direct cause of about 300000 deaths per year and is directly responsible for more than half of all deaths in women, young girls and children. Poor nutrition in women and girls means they are more likely to suffer from infectious diseases. So, good food, essential vitamins, minerals and proper nutrition is a key component of empowering women and girls.

A woman is the bunch of hormones, the majority of women experience mood swings before, during, or after menopause and post-menopausal age due to hormonal changes. The drop in estrogen level can cause tiredness, fatigue, irritability, and difficulty concentrating. Proper education and counselling for women and their life partners can help women to deal with emotional changes caused by menopause, perimenopause and post-menopause. How might menopause lead to mood swings? During the changeover to menopause, levels of the estrogen hormone drop, causing wide-ranging changes throughout the body. Many of these changes have direct connections to menopausal mood swings. The drop in estrogen can cause fatigue, irritability, difficulty in concentrating, hot flashes, cold flashes, emotional changes and trouble sleeping.

Maintaining women Health is vital to a country’s overall health and welfare. Global statistics show that the health of the country is directly linked to the overall health of its mothers, sisters, wives, and daughters. Now, this is the time to create an environment combining scientific knowledge with cultural considerations, available resources, and technology to provide women with the best possible opportunities to live healthy lives. Surely, the healthy woman a bridge to a developed nation, so women need more health care facilities and also need access to the health care system more than do men.

 

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EFFECTS OF MOBILE PHONES ON CHILDREN’S HEALTH By Dr. Faisal Khan

EFFECTS OF MOBILE PHONES ON CHILDREN’S HEALTH

By

Dr. Faisal Khan

M.B.B.S, SMLE, MPH, MCPS, MRCPCH-UK (Scholar)
Al-Dar Hospital Madina Munawara, Saudi Arabia.

Children are not fully-grown yet, and they are just little adults, their growing minds and bodies make them uniquely vulnerable to the effects of the environment around them, including all types of radiations generated by mobile phones, iPads, tablets, smart phones and all other kinds of wireless devices. Because in new era, technology is being adopted by children at younger ages than ever before. There are different types of radiations generated by mobile phones and wireless devices, microwave radiations, ionizing and non-ionizing radiations. Ionizing radiation for example x-rays, radon, ultra violet rays in sunlight all are high frequency, and high energy. Non-ionizing is low frequency and low energy radiation. Cell phones have non-ionizing radiation. Mobile phones send radio frequency waves from its transmitting unit or antenna to nearby cell towers. When we make or receive a call, text, or use data, our phone receives radio frequency waves to its antenna from cell towers.

Image result for Non-Ionizing Radiation health Effects

 

The potential harm from microwave radiations given off by cell phones and other wireless devices, particularly for children and unborn babies. Many researches proved that, children and unborn babies do face a greater risk for bodily damage that results from microwave radiations given off by wireless devices. The rate of microwave radiations absorption is higher in children than adults because their brain tissues are more absorbent, their skulls are thinner, and their relative size is smaller. Fetuses are particularly more vulnerable, because microwave radiations exposure can lead to degeneration of the protective sheath that surrounds brain neurons.

Image result for Non-Ionizing Radiation health Effects

 

 

According to a recent research the brain tissue of children absorbed about two times more microwave radiations than that of adults, and other studies have reported that the bone marrow of children absorbs 10 times more microwave radiations than that of adults. Belgium, France, Germany, and other technologically sophisticated governments are passing laws or issuing warnings about children’s use of wireless devices. They also legislated that smartphone makers specify the minimum distance from the body that their products must be kept so that legal limits for exposure to microwave radiations aren’t exceeded. For iPads, laptop computers and tablets the minimum distance from the device to body is 20 cm (about 8 inches).
There are many potential health risks to mental and physical well-being related to overuse of cell phones, especially low IQ & improper mental growth in children, sleep deprivation, brain tumors and psychiatric diseases are hot-button issues. I admit still studies related to radiations generated by mobile phones have been inconsistent and results have been conflicting. These wireless devices are now part of our everyday life, but they can be used in a manner that is safe enough, the most important point is the distance, holding a cell phone few inches away from our ear “provides a thousand times reduction in risk. Unless a cell phone is turned off, it is always radiating, so when not in use, it should not be kept on the body. The best place to keep a cell phone is somewhere like a pouch, purse, bag, or backpack. These devices should be kept away from a pregnant woman’s abdomen, and a mother should not use a cell phone while breastfeeding and nursing, and baby monitors should not be placed in an infant’s crib. Children and teen agers need to know how to use mobile phones and wireless devices safely. Cell phones should not be permitted in children’s bedroom at all.
Can cell phones cause cancer? In fact, there are solid grounds to believe it really is so. The cause for that is radiofrequency of electromagnetic fields given off by wireless and mobile devices. They have an adverse effect on our body, special on growing skulls of kids, toddlers and teenagers, so it can trigger the development of brain cancer in the future. According to a recent research conducted by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, excessive use of mobile phones may lead to the formation of such brain tumors as glioma and acoustic neuroma. First and foremost, this is an issue for those adults and children who are virtually glued to their cell phones.
The pew research center has reported, that 75% of preteens and early teens keep all day their cell phones in their front pant pockets, which is way harmful for their reproductive health. Boys should not keep their cell phone in their front pants pockets. There is a potential harm to sperms, and girls should not place their cell phone in their bras. This recommendation was based on case study of 4 young women with a history of keeping their cell phones in or near their bras, and who developed breast cancer. It’s obvious, that more radiations are absorbed with more hours of use, so children should be taught to use their mobile phone as little as possible. Landlines, Skype, and computer phone services, when connected to the internet with a cable, don’t give off radiations, so parents should encourage their kids to use those. Moreover, Wi-Fi routers in the home should be placed away from where people, particularly children, spend the most of time.
Good health is above wealth, but majority of us undermine their personal health, and becoming more careless about their children’s mental and physical state day by day, caused by using of cell phones so excessively. A recent survey found out that 92% of world population have mobile phones today. 31% of them admit they never turn off their mobile phones. More than 90% of parents provide their kids cell phones, so they can easily keep in touch whenever they want to. All of this gives sufficient ground to talk about a cell phone addiction, specially about the possible dangers of cell phones on children’s health.
Cell phone overuse has many seriously bad side effects on children’s health primarily and adult’s health generally. We strive to be constantly connected and available. This makes us feel tired, nervous, and absent-minded. We hardly realize that a cause for our tiredness and fatigue is hidden in our pocket. It’s high time to determine some more about the negative influence of mobile phones and other wireless technologies. From time to time, many children and some adults have a feeling that their cell phone is vibrating in their pockets when actually it’s not. They check it immediately and see that it was a false alarm. This situation is called a phantom pocket vibration syndrome. A study done by Dr. Michelle Drouin found that 89% of teenagers had experienced this type of sensation. This especially relates to the teenagers and undergraduates having a social media addiction. They are more anxious and nervous. Missing another text message from other side feels like a real tragedy to them. Reducing overall use of mobile phone, and shutting off cell phone’s vibration is a good way to combat and to deal with this syndrome.
When texting someone or reading an article on the Internet, we all have to stare at a small-sized screen of our cell phone. That can put a lot of strain on kids’ eyes, they can dry out and hurt when blinking. Eventually, this may result in visual deterioration. To maintain clear sight, need to keep device at least 12 to 16 inches away from the face. When talking about cell phones and health, we cannot ignore their influence on sleeping habits. Most of us and some of our children even, get used to set the alarm and put a cell phone somewhere not far from the head or even under their pillow. In fact, it’s a bad idea. As we’ve mentioned before, microwave radiation transmitted by a cell phone is harmful to a brain specially kid’s brain. Having a mobile device at hand can also end up with insomnia in children. They’ll feel tempted to check it at night. They won’t be able to sleep properly because of its vibrating and beeping. It caused sleep deprivation, which can lead to serious mental health problems in children less than age of 19 years.
A healthy spine is one of the key factors of well-being during growing age. When our kids slouching over a cell phone for most of hours daily, they ruin their neck and back muscles. So, no wonder they feel the nagging pain in these parts of their bodies. But wait, there’s more. Pain, strain and aching neck muscles can cause a severe headache to make things worse. So eventually, they’ll feel like a wreck. To keep our children health, it’s time to decide, that we should not allow our kids to overuse cell phones and other wireless devices.

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