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Archive for June, 2010

You too, Brutus?

ISLAMABAD: Budget is a strenuous job and the entire government machinery, especially the

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ZARDARI BABA AND FORTY THIEVES: Pakistani president, premier get more money to spend in new budget

ISLAMABAD: A hefty increase has been registered in the estimated expenditure of the President House and the Prime Minister Secretariat in the Pakistan budget for new financial year 2010-11, which begins next month, despite the fact that the government proposed cuts in subsidies and levied additional taxes in the budget announced over the weekend.

The estimated expenditure of the Presidency has increased by 14 percent and that of the Prime Minister Secretariat by 13 percent. An amount of Rs931m has been allocated for the two houses compared to Rs818m earmarked for 2009-10.

The President House has been allocated Rs447m for the new fiscal year against the current year

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Cheap blood drug “could save 100,000 lives a year”

A cheap and easily administered medicine which helps to stem excessive bleeding could save the lives of many thousands of accident victims across the world, British scientists said on Tuesday.

Researchers studied 20,000 patients across 40 countries and found that the drug — tranexamic acid, or TXA — significantly cut death rates, suggesting it could prevent up to 100,000 untimely deaths a year worldwide if it were used routinely.

The drug, which is an off-patent generic medicine made by several companies and costing around $4.50 per gram, should also now be listed as “essential” by the World Health Organization (WHO), the researchers said.

“The option to use tranexamic acid should be available to doctors treating trauma patients in all countries,” said Ian Roberts and Haleema Shakur of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, whose study was published in The Lancet.

Based on their findings, TXA could save about 13,000 lives each year in India and about 12,000 in China, they said. It would also save around 2,000 in the U.S. and more in Europe.

Injuries are a major cause of death worldwide. Every year, more than a million people die from road injuries and traffic accidents are the ninth leading cause of death worldwide.

On top of that, stabbings, shootings, land mines and other injuries kill thousands more, many of them young men.

Haemorrhage, or excessive bleeding, is responsible for about a third of trauma deaths in hospitals and can also contribute to deaths from multi-organ failure.

“Each year about 600,000 injured patients bleed to death worldwide,” said Roberts. “It’s important to remember that deaths from injuries are increasing around the world and that they usually involve young adults, often the main breadwinner in the family. The impact on the family is devastating.”

More than 90 percent of trauma deaths occur in low-income and middle-income countries, where access to medicines is often restricted by poorer infrastructure and fewer resources.

Since TXA helps to stem bleeding by reducing clot breakdown, Roberts’s team thought it might work well for patients with severe bleeding. However, they were worried it might increase the risk of blood clotting complications such as heart attacks, strokes and clots in the lungs.

Their large trial involved 200,000 severely injured adults who had significant bleeding, or were at risk of significant bleeding, and were within a few hours of having been injured.

Patients received either one gram of TXA by injection, followed by another one gram in a drip over the following eight hours, or a matching placebo or “dummy” medicine.

The researchers then studied the numbers of deaths in hospital within four weeks of injury and found that TXA cut the risk of death due to excessive bleeding by about one sixth, and there was no increased risk of clotting complications.

Etienne Krug, the WHO’s director for violence, injury prevention and disability, said the findings were important and could help to lessen the impact of accidents and injuries.

“Across the world, injuries kill more than five million people each year and leave millions more permanently disabled. The economic and social cost of injury is enormous, with most of the burden in low- and middle-income countries,” he said.

“It is essential that doctors are aware of these results and take them into account in the emergency management of seriously injured patients.”

 Source :

Tue, Jun 8 2010LONDON (Reuters) –

(Editing by David Stamp)

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Urban militants-The Children of Vulgarians

Peoples party has created a special class of citizens, who are above the law and norms of civilized societies. They live beyond their means and exploit their priveleges to the hilt. They can be identified by the vehicles they drive and their uncouth ways of interaction. These people have been corupted absolutely, by the absolute power they hold. The poor and huddling Pakistani masses watch them flaunt their wealth.   

 

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The Story behind the sacking of Pakistan spy chief in 2008?

Speculation is rife that the US is behind a massive shake up at Pakistan’s powerful Inter-Services Intelligence spy agency.

The Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) agency has been called a ‘state within a state’ due to its immense power. Time magazine has described it as one of the world’s most powerful spy agencies.

Now, 10 months after being appointed head of the Pakistani Army, General Ashfaq Kayani, easily one of the most powerful men in Pakistan, has transformed the ISI leadership.

Former ISI Director General, Lieutenant-General Nadeem Taj, has been replaced by General Ahmed Shujaa Pasha as part of a wide ranging overhaul of ISI top brass. In addition, the two-star generals at the ISI in charge of liaison with Islamist groups and with internal Pakistani politics, Asif Akhtar and Nusrat Naeem, have been “superseded” or denied promotion.

The new appointments come at a time of high tension between Islamabad and Washington. A series of unauthorized US military air strikes and ground offensives have killed dozens of Pakistani civilians in recent months.

The US suspects that loyalties within the ISI may partially lie with the Taliban, with whom the spy agency worked closely before the 9/11 attacks in New York. The US has also accused the ISI of being involved with the bombing of the Indian embassy in Kabul in July. Pakistan has denied all allegations.

In light of such fears, the US has repeatedly demanded change. On September 16, the US Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asian Affairs publicly demanded that the ISI be reformed.

Last week Pakistan’s newly elected President, Asif Ali Zardari, held an unpublicized meeting with Michael Hayden, head of the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), according to a report in the New York Times. Amid mounting US pressure for ISI reform, they apparently discussed what the CIA describes as “the double game played by Pakistan’s spy agency.” Hayden reportedly gave Pakistani Prime Minister, Yousaf Raza Gillani, a template for “ISI reform” in July.

Officials in both Islamabad and Washington have rejected the accusation that changes to the ISI leadership were engineered by the United States.

The new appointee, General Pasha, is known among military analysts as a “professional soldier.” In August, he accompanied General Kayani to a secret, highly unusual meeting between top Pakistani military leaders and American commanders, including the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Admiral Mike Mullen, on the US aircraft carrier Abraham Lincoln.

Time magazine reported Tuesday, that one of Kayani’s key priorities has been to restore relations between Washington and the Pakistan military which has received over $6 billion in US military aid since 2001.

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