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Hypocrisy of PML(N) Chaudhry Nisar & ANP Asfandyar Wali exposed by Wikileaks cables Classified By: Anne W. Patterson, for reasons 1.4 (b)(d)


So this is the real face of honourable lion of Pashtuns (Asfandyar Wali Khan) and honourable crony of the “Lion of Punjab” (CH Nisar Ali Khan). All these leaders are together in fooling the nation and in American Slavery.

Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
08ISLAMABAD3070 2008-09-19 14:56 2011-08-30 01:44 CONFIDENTIAL Embassy Islamabad

DE RUEHIL #3070/01 2631456
O 191456Z SEP 08

E.O. 12958: DECL: 09/19/2018 
Classified By: Anne W. Patterson, for reasons 1.4 (b)(d) 
1. (C)  Summary.  In separate discussions with Ambassador 
September 19, Awami National Party leader Asfundyar Wali Khan 
and Pakistan Muslim League-N leader Chaudhry Nisar both said 
they were encouraged by signs that some local tribes had 
decided to rise up and fight militants.  Khan said candidly 
that the Pashtuns accepted occasional air attacks,
especially if they targeted foreigners, but daily air attacks or the 
presence of U.S. ground troops were very unhelpful and 
undercut the GOP's efforts to encourage locals to combat 
militants.  Nisar was cagier, noting that U.S. attacks over 
the past few weeks hurt the hearts and minds campaign; he 
called for more transparency in the bilateral relationship 
and reserved the right to criticize U.S. actions to remain 
politically credible. 
2.  (C)  Khan, who recently complained to Chief of Army Staff 
Kayani about the slow pace of military operations in Swat, 
praised Pakistani military action in Bajaur, which has been 
made more difficult by militant control of a network of 
tunnels.  Khan hinted that the reason Baitullah Mehsud had 
not responded to U.S. attacks on a Haqqani-controlled site 
was that the Pakistani Army had made a secret deal with the 
Waziri tribe.  Nisar shared his view that relations between 
Zardari and the Army were troubled.  While noting Zardari's 
thin majority in the parliament, Nisar pledged to be a 
responsible Opposition Leader but suggested that Zardari 
should consult the opposition if he wanted support on 
critical economic reforms.  End Summary. 
3.  (C)  Ambassador and Polcouns met September 19 separately 
with Awami National Party (ANP) leader Asfundyar Wali Khan, 
who was elected September 18 to be the Chairman of the 
National Assembly's Foreign Affairs Committee, and Pakistan 
Muslim League-N (PML-N) leader Chaudhry Nisar.  Nisar was 
voted in as Leader of the Opposition by the National Assembly 
earlier that morning. 
Reaction to U.S. Action 
4.  (C)  Khan said candidly that the Pashtuns accepted 
occasional air attacks, especially if they targeted 
foreigners, but daily air attacks or the presence of U.S. 
ground troops were very unhelpful.  Noting that local 
tribesmen were just beginning to take up arms themselves 
against the militants, Khan said this was what had to happen 
to defeat the Taliban.  For this strategy to succeed, 
however, the GOP had to win a hearts and minds campaign with 
the tribes, and U.S. unilateral action undermined this 
5.  (C)  Khan asked, "Where is Baitullah Mehsud? Siraj 
Haqqani is the big boss and Baitullah is his commander in 
chief.  After you hit the Haqqani compound, why didn't Mehsud 
react?"  Khan went on to suggest that the U.S. carefully 
examine the statement made by the 4,000-strong Waziri jirga 
that met earlier this week.  According to press statements, 
the jirga said the tribe would ally with the Pakistani 
military to defend Pakistan against U.S. attacks; it also 
said that if the attacks continue, the tribe's ceasefire 
agreement with the military would be canceled. 
6.  (C)  Nisar told Ambassador that former President 
Musharraf had been tainted in Pakistani eyes because he was 
seen as too pro-U.S., so Musharraf's campaign against the 
militants was also seen as a U.S. war.  To turn that around, 
Pakistanis must see the war as their fight against an 
insurgency.  Nisar avoided saying that PML-N opposed either 
air attacks or U.S. ground action. 
What he did say was that 
the PML-N would have to criticize the GOP for allowing U.S. 
action.  Otherwise, said Nisar, the party would have no 
credibility with the people.  He called for more transparency 
about U.S. policy and actions saying that confusion bred 
unhelpful conspiracy theories. 
Military Action 
7.  (C)  Khan said he had met this week with Chief of Army 
Staff General Kayani in one of their regular discussions 
about military operations in the Northwest Frontier Province 
(NWFP) and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). 
Khan praised the Bajaur operation as the only serious 
military action to date and asked Kayani why the Pakistani 
security forces had made so little progress in Swat.  Khan 
reported that he had given the Army the location/coordinates 
of Tehrik Nifaz Shariat-e-Muhammmadi (TNSM) leader Maulana 
Fazlullah and urged them to strike the location or ask the 
Americans to strike, but nothing happened.  Khan noted that 
because of historical discouragement, the Swatis have few 
weapons with which to fight back without support of the Army.
ISLAMABAD 00003070  002 OF 003 
8. (C) Referring to two separate instances September 18 in Dir (NWFP) in which locals turned on militants, Khan said he was increasingly encouraged by signs that tribes were fed up with the Taliban. He related two stories where information from local tribesmen resulted in the police seizing rocket launchers and heavy weapons from militants hiding within the community. Khan said he urged the locals near Bajaur to revolt against the militants; in response one town leader said they would like to rise up but, in a community of 500 people, they had two AK-47s and only a handful of ammunition. Ambassador noted that Chairman of the Joint Chiefs Admiral Mullen had discussed September 17 with Kayani the need to help the GOP reward tribes that were taking anti-militant action; the U.S. was helping civilians who had fled the fighting in Bajaur and would explore ways to help these tribes as well. 9. (C) In Bajaur, Khan confirmed what we have heard from Army and Interior Ministry sources. The militants are using an elaborate system of tunnels, most likely created in the 1980's mujahadeen days, to evade capture. This has made the Army's task of clearing the area much more difficult. Local tribes are raising lashkars (armed tribal posses) to assist the security forces, said Khan. But he worried about what will happen when the Army has to move to Mohmand Agency; according to Khan, after the Waziristans, Mohmand has the largest concentration of mujahadeen-era inter-marriages between foreign militants and local tribes. Khan said that Pakistan faced difficult times ahead--"this is going to be bloodier than Afghanistan, and we have to be prepared for it." 10. (C) Nisar also told Ambassador that he was optimistic about the "first stirrings" of a popular revolt against the Taliban. Asked about relations between the GOP and the military, however, Nisar responded that they were not good. The Army, claimed Nisar, was exhausted and needed to be energized to fight militancy. Despite surface indications of good will, Nisar said there was deep distrust of Zardari among senior military leaders. He noted the coincidence of Zardari filing his nomination papers to run for president on the same day that the Swiss announced they would return USD 60 million in frozen assets to Zardari. Zardari needed to take the first step of reaching out to the Army, but there were few incentives on the part of the civilians or the military to resolve their differences. New Opposition Leader --------------------- 11. (C) Ambassador met Nisar just after he had been voted as the new Opposition Leader in the National Assembly. Pakistan Muslim League (PML) leader Pervaiz Elahai resigned from the position on September 14, in a move that many analysts saw as a precursor to a plan for the PML and the Pakistan People's Party to oust Nawaz Sharif's PML-N party from power in the Punjab. In a press conference September 18, Nisar said he would work to convince President Zardari to repeal the 17th amendment, resign as co-chair of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP), and restore the deposed judges. Nisar was also appointed to become the Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee that reviews spending of all the ministries. 12. (C) Nisar said that after Musharraf's resignation, there should have been more space for the U.S. and Pakistan to work together under a civilian government. He was concerned that with the events of the past few weeks the two sides had lost an opportunity and urged that we find a way to better manage the relationship. As always, Nisar insisted that he and the PML-N were pro-American. (Saying that his wife and children in fact are American, Nisar did admit that he went to the U.S. Embassy in London to renew his daughter's passport because he wanted to avoid being seen at the U.S. Embassy in Islamabad.)
ISLAMABAD 00003070  003 OF 003 
13. (C) Nisar urged that we engage in a kind of catharsis at both the governmental and non-governmental level. He wanted to focus on young parliamentarians and was also reaching out to the UK to establish an exchange program for them. Nisar said that, after the Eid holiday, he would share some ideas for ways to diffuse anti-Americanism in Pakistan. Ambassador agreed to encourage ties between the U.S. and Pakistani parliamentarians and organize some training programs for the staff of the Public Accounts Committee. Nisar admitted that introducing transparency and accountability in the GOP would be a huge challenge. 14. (C) Insisting several times that he will be a responsible opposition leader, Nisar claimed that the PML-N had learned the lessons of the past 8-10 years and would now ensure that democracy in Pakistan works at both the center and in the Punjab. He went on to note, however, that Zardari has only a six seat majority in the central government. That means that Fazlur Rehman, the Muttahida Quami Movement (MQM), or the FATA parliamentarians alone or acting in some combination can bring down the government. He pledged to help PM Gilani fight off blackmail from any of the groups but noted that the MQM was already making demands. In Nasir's view, the PPP has a blood feud with the PML, which will find it very difficult to support Zardari, either in the center or in the Punjab. He admitted there was a PPP sub-group trying to destabilize PML-N rule in the Punjab but hoped that Zardari would back off and not push Nawaz and Shahbaz Sharif into a corner. This, said Nisar, would be unhelpful for everyone. 15. (C) Ambassador asked if the PML-N would support the economic reforms and international financial institution (IFI) backing required to restore market and investor confidence. Nisar said the PML-N would strongly oppose an official International Monetary Fund (IMF) package but understood the need for some sort of IFI blessing to entice investors back. But he urged Zardari to take the opposition into confidence if he wants their support. Nisar noted that former PML-N Petroleum and Privatization Minister Khwaja Asif agreed to see Zardari on September 19, possibly to discuss privatization issues. 16. (C) In closing, Nisar noted that this is potentially the most powerful Pakistani government that he has seen in 25 years -- they control the presidency, the prime ministership, three provincial assemblies and four governorships; they have a friendly Army chief and a compliant judiciary. Yet, they have not managed to get anything accomplished because they have been too closeted on political party lines. 17. (C) Comment: There is a growing convergence of views among Pakistani politicians that U.S. attacks undermine nascent local efforts to rise up against the militants; we will continue to seek ways to help the GOP reward those efforts. Nisar appears to be positioning himself to be a candidate for Prime Minister if the Sharifs are disqualified in the upcoming battle with the PPP over control of the Punjab. Nisar is at heart a nationalist, and he will be an eloquent and formidable Opposition Leader. But he does recognize the need to stay in the good graces of the U.S., and we should invite him to Washington when an opportunity arises. We have offered Khan and his Foreign Affairs Committee a briefing on U.S. development assistance and military/intelligence operations; he also plans to be in New York around October 10. We also understand that former Interior Minister Sherpao will soon be in New York for a Council on Foreign Relations event. PATTERSON

Original article is here:

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PARLIAMENTARY CROOKS: How Crooks Rule Pakistan-Nearly 70 percent of Pakistani lawmakers don’t file taxes


“Those who are too smart to engage in politics are punished by being governed by those who are dumber.”

 Plato quotes (Ancient Greek Philosopher He was the world’s most influential philosopher. 428 BC-348 BC)



Nearly 70 percent of Pakistani lawmakers don’t file taxes – group

ISLAMABAD (Reuters) – Almost 70 percent of Pakistani lawmakers did not file income taxes last year, an investigative journalism group said on Wednesday, highlighting deep flaws in a taxation system that has drawn repeated criticism from Western aid donors.

The Center for Investigative Journalism in Pakistan released a report based on leaked tax returns, marking the first time that the records of 446 lawmakers and ministers have been published and focusing scrutiny on individuals ahead of polls next year.

Pakistan’s inability to raise revenue has constrained government spending, depriving schools and hospitals of funds and exacerbating a power crisis, causing widespread hardship in the nuclear-armed country of 180 million people.

Western allies have poured billions of dollars in aid into Pakistan, worried that growing public anger may boost recruitment to Islamist militant groups threatening to destabilise Pakistan and beyond.

But the aid has not been nearly enough to plug the huge gap between members of the elite, who often pay little tax, and the poor who desperately need the public services taxes should fund.

“This is what the people of Pakistan are upset about,” said Jehangir Tareen, a trim, silver-haired businessman who paid the most tax in the National Assembly last year. He tried to set a precedent by making his returns public but no one followed suit.

“Taxes are the beginning and end of reform in Pakistan,” said Tareen, who gave up his seat in parliament in frustration over his inability to push changes. “Right now the rich are colluding to live off the poor.”

Umar Cheema, an award-winning journalist heading the Center for Investigative Journalism, said he hoped the report would make members of parliament more accountable to voters.

Cheema took legislators’ identity card numbers from their public election nomination papers, then convinced employees at the Federal Board of Revenue to leak the tax returns related to the identity numbers. It took him nine months to collect the data.


The report highlights why Pakistan has failed to improve its tax collection rates: politicians benefit from a lax regime. No one has been convicted of income tax evasion in 25 years and few Pakistanis see a failure to pay tax as shameful.

Although lawmakers have about $25 (15.48 pounds) a month deducted from their basic pay in tax, almost all have second incomes.

“They built this system for their own benefit,” said tax expert Ikramul Haq. Poor laws and loopholes meant lawmakers often have their income exempt from tax, he said.

Huge swathes of the economy, like agriculture, are virtually exempt. Specially designated products also benefit from “zero-ratings” and are not subject to any tax.

“We want to cut down on zero ratings and loopholes,” said Ali Arshad Hakeem, the head of the Federal Board of Revenue. He has vowed to crack down on tax cheats.

“Parliamentarians are just a subsection of the population we want to become compliant,” he said.

Enforcement is so poor that paying tax is almost voluntary, another revenue official said. About one percent of Pakistanis file tax returns.

The investigative group said it had not been able to find tax returns for 35 out of 55 government ministers, including Interior Minister Rehman Malik.

Finance Minister Hafiz Sheikh was among those who did file, paying $1,700 in tax on his ministerial salary. His money from private equity funds would be exempt, a tax official said. He spent more on his electricity bill than his taxes, according to a federal tax record seen by Reuters.

The interior and finance ministries did not return calls or emails inquiring about tax obligations for ministers. Visits by a Reuters reporter also did not yield any comments.

Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar paid $670, the investigative center said. Her spokesman said she paid $1,700, more than most. Her agricultural income and a small dividend from up-market restaurants she co-owns were exempt, he said.

Among the ordinary members of parliament whose tax returns the investigative group was unable to find is Mehboob Ullah Jan, a former secretary for religious affairs.

He is often pictured wearing a traditional flat cap, handing out aid to poor families fleeing fighting in his native northwestern Pakistan.

Jan has assets of more than $30 million, making him the country’s richest legislator, according to an analysis of asset declarations by the Pakistan Institute of Legislative Development and Transparency, an Islamabad-based think-tank.

Jan did not return calls seeking comment.

The average Pakistani legislator has assets of $800,000, the investigative center’s study of their declarations found. Yet of those who paid tax, most paid less than $1,000, it said.

Former minister and Georgetown University graduate Mushahid Hussain Syed paid less than a dollar in tax, the center said. The senator was attending a conference in Bali but sent an email disputing the report and saying he had paid $6.

“I was not a Senator then, my source of support was from my family’s agricultural income and lecture honoraria,” he told Reuters.

According to his tax record, Syed paid $6 but had $5 due as a refund.


The report makes troubling reading for Pakistan’s donors. Much of their aid supports services normally funded by state revenues.

Britain has begun a five-year, billion dollar project to improve education in Pakistan. The United States has given Pakistan more than $3 billion over the past two years.

Pakistan also owes the International Monetary Fund (IMF) $7 billion. The IMF has repeatedly demanded Pakistan widen its tax base as a precondition of possibly rescheduling loan repayments.

“The tax net is riddled with holes,” said Jeffrey Franks, a regional advisor to the IMF.

Most countries collect between 20 to 40 percent of their economic output in tax. In Pakistan, less than 10 percent is collected, Franks said.

Pakistan revenue authorities say 0.57 percent of adults pay income tax and the number is steadily declining.

“People know that the elites, the government, are corrupt but they don’t understand how the corruption works,” said report author Cheema.

“If our rulers are not paying for themselves, why should taxpayers in other countries pay for them?”

Part of the problem with going after tax evaders is the poor state of records at the Federal Board of Revenue. It’s hard to distinguish ineptitude from corruption, officials said.

About three quarters of the time, people’s declarations of what they paid did not match the actual payments, the officials said. An official said authorities never really tried to match up the records: “Oh dear God, no!” he laughed.

(Editing by Michael Georgy and Robert Birsel)

Copyright © 2012 Reuters

This video has been hacked by cyberterrorists of MQM and defaced. This was done at the direction of Pakistan’s No.1 Terrorist, Altaf Hussain

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