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Archive for category SIKH HOLOCAUST 1984

UK-India relations tense as Dominic Raab under pressure to raise farmers protests and Jagtar Singh Johal case

Baba Guru Nanak University

University in Nankana Sahib, Pakistan


Baba Guru Nanak University is under construction international university that is located in Nankana Sahib, Punjab, Pakistan, the birthplace of Guru Nanak. On 28 October 2019, Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan laid the foundation stone of the University. Wikipedia

AddressNankana Sahib, Punjab, Pakistan

FoundedJanuary 2020
Campus107 acres


UK-India relations tense as Dominic Raab under pressure to raise farmers protests and Jagtar Singh Johal case


London – 15 December 2020


Over 100 Conservative MPs, including Ministers have been contacted since Boris’s gaffe in PMQs last week on the mistreatment of peaceful farmers protesting in India.


All Conservative MPs who have responded have indicated they were disappointed with Boris Johnson’s lack of awareness and response with the totally inappropriate reference to Pakistan.


It is understood Dominic Raab, the Foreign Secretary also met with Conservative MPs before he left for his 4-day trip to India and human rights violations in India, the violent reaction of police to the farmers peaceful protest and the case of Jagtar Singh Johal are understood to have been raised.

Boris Johnson is also believed to be under pressure to apologise for the farmer gaffe to Pakistan PM, Imran Khan for inappropriately mentioning Pakistan in his reply to Tanmanjeet Singh Dhesi at PMQs.


Liberal Democrat party leader, Ed Davey also raised concerns before Dominic Raab left for India by describing the farmers legislation as controversial, the use of “militarised police” against protesters and the need to respect human rights. 


He urged Dominic Raab to raise these with the Indian government and make representations on the human rights situation for farmers.


Dominic Raab was expected to raise the farmer protests and Jagtar Singh Johal with External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar today.


Boris Johnson is expected to come under intense pressure to call off his visit to India in January for the 26 January Republic Day celebrations given the famers protests and domestic issues.




Harnek Singh
National Press Secretary
Sikh Federation (UK)


The Sikh Federation (UK) is by far the largest, most prominent and influential campaigning Sikh organisation in the UK that leads on political engagement for the British Sikh community.  The organisation is often referred to as the first and only Sikh political party.  The Sikh community in the UK and throughout the diaspora look to the organisation for leadership and direction.

www.sikhfeduk.com |sikhfederationuk@yahoo.co.uk | facebook.com/Sikh Federation UK | twitter @Sikhfeduk

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India’s ban on Sikhs for Justice shows it has no respect for freedom of expression and the basic right to self-determination


London – 11 July 2019

The decision earlier this week by the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs to ban Sikhs for Justice (SFJ) from operating in India shows India’s total disrespect for basic human rights and its desire and desperation to silence the Sikh Diaspora.

SFJ is a human rights advocacy group based in North America that has been highlighting human rights violations and the 1984 Sikh Genocide by the Indian state for the last 12 years and has in the last five years been underlining the right to self-determination.







Sikhs for Justice

Sikhs for Justice


During the 1984 Sikh Genocide and in the decade that followed the Indian State perpetrated what can only be termed crimes against humanity.  Following the 1984 Sikh Genocide, the rape, torture, disappearances, fake encounters and extra-judicial killings of Sikhs was nothing short of Indian State terrorism.

Not content with its gross violation of human rights for over a decade the Indian authorities turned its attention by killing human rights activists in Punjab like Jaswant Singh Khalra.  He was eliminated by Indian police as he highlighted to the global community 25,000 Sikh disappearances, including unidentified bodies and illegal cremations.

The “Sacrificing Sikhs” report published in November 2017 based on around half of the UK Governments own official papers released after 30 years provides evidence the Indian State was active in the 1980s to try and silence the British Sikh voice of opposition and calls for Sikh independence that followed the 1984 Sikh Genocide. 

There is little doubt the Indian state would have tried to do the same with other foreign governments like Canada and the USA to varying degrees of success that no one has yet uncovered to the extent as in the UK.  The Sikh Federation (UK) has also in recent years become aware of some of India’s anti-Sikh activities in countries like Germany and Switzerland to try and silence Sikh opposition.  

UK politicians have confirmed in 2001 the Indian government pressured the UK Government to ban the International Sikh Youth Federation (ISYF). The ISYF was the main Sikh organisation operating in the Sikh Diaspora highlighting human rights violations by the Indian State and advocating for an independent Sikh State.  The 9/11 act of terrorism was misused by India for its own purposes to push for worldwide restrictions on the ISYF and bans in India (December 2001) and Canada (June 2003).     

In the UK Sikhs have successfully lobbied and used the legal process to have the ban on the ISYF lifted in March 2016 and two months later to have all restrictions lifted on the ISYF across Europe.  There has been recent talk that Sikhs in Canada may be legally challenging the Canadian government to justify the continued ban on the ISYF.

The US Administration has stood up to the Indian government and never banned any Sikh organisation, but the authorities have been pressured to act against individual Sikh nationalists.  What is abundantly clear is the Indian government has been constantly complaining to foreign governments for up to 40 years about Sikhs in the Diaspora raising human rights violations in India and pressuring them not to engage with Sikh organisations and individuals advocating for the right to self-determination.  Instead, the Indian authorities have increasingly pushed with foreign governments Sikh groups, businessmen and individuals that are totally silent on criticism of India or who are pro-Indian as Sikh representatives with whom they should engage.

The Indian authorities are increasingly worried about the inroads being made by Sikhs in the Diaspora into the highest levels of the political arena in countries like Canada and the UK.  They are struggling to understand many of the Sikh politicians have been born in Canada or the UK or lived most of their lives there and are duty bound to respect human rights and act as champions for the minority Sikh community.   

As shown with Canada India has gone to extreme lengths in the last 18 months to discredit the current Canadian Prime Minister and exert pressure on the Canadian government to act against individual Sikh activists with a no-fly policy or try and demonise the entire Sikh community through official reports.  With federal elections taking place in Canada in October 2019 the Indian authorities are unashamedly approaching the opposition Conservative Party to change their position on freedom of expression and those campaigning for Sikh self-determination.

Bhai Amrik Singh, the Chair of the Sikh Federation (UK) said:

“We want to make clear the Indian authorities will never be able to silence the Sikh Diaspora from highlighting human rights violations and our right to self-determination.” 

“Banning Sikhs for Justice in India where it does not exist, pressuring foreign governments to take actions against Sikh nationalists and interfering in the Canadian federal elections are signs of desperation by the Indian regime.”

“Sikhs in the Diaspora are increasingly politically active and media savvy and foreign politicians will find it more and more difficult to appease the Indian authorities at the expense of their own Sikh citizens.”

“In the long run, India’s actions will backfire as foreign governments will eventually realise they have more to gain from a large independent Sikh State in the Indian sub-continent than from bowing to the blackmail of the Indian authorities.”



Gurjeet Singh
National Press Secretary
Sikh Federation (UK)


www.sikhfeduk.com |sikhfederationuk@yahoo.co.uk | facebook.com/Sikh Federation UK | twitter @Sikhfeduk


Note 1:


The Sikh Federation (UK) is by far the largest, most prominent and influential campaigning Sikh organisation in the UK that leads to political engagement for the British Sikh community.  The organisation is often referred to as the first and only Sikh political party.  The Sikh community in the UK and throughout the diaspora look to the organisation for leadership and direction.


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Sikh businesses commit to provide massive £500m injection into Pakistan Gurdwaras as Imran Khan led government make positive overtures to UK Sikhs

Sikh businesses commit to providing massive £500m injection into Pakistan Gurdwaras as Imran Khan led the government to make positive overtures to UK Sikhs

London – 10 June 2019

Sayed Zulfiqar Bukhari the Chairman of the Pakistan Tourism Board and Special Assistant to the Prime Minister of Pakistan, Imran Khan met Sikh community representatives at The Rembrandt Hotel in London on 10 June 2019.  The meeting was to discuss religious tourism projects in Pakistan following the historic laying of foundation stones for the Kartarpur Corridor on either side of the border in November 2018.




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Pakistan also announces wide arrangement for the celebration of Gurpurab

Around 100,000 Sikhs from Canada, US, Malaysia and other countries also want to visit Pakistan. Photo:tribune.com.pk

In Lahore, the Evacuee Trust Property Board (ETPB) and the Pakistan Sikh Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (PSGPC) decided this year to grant visas to 10,000 Sikhs from India to participate in the 550th birthday celebrations of Baba Guru Nanak. Pakistani officials have given a green signal to Shiromani committee, the largest representatives of Sikhs, and other small groups to take part in the celebrations. After mutual consultation, the two bodies decided that the number of pilgrims, in accordance with the 1974 Pakistan-India Protocol on Visits to Religious Shrines, will be increased from 3,000 to 10,000. Further, there will be no restrictions on the number of Sikhs coming to Pakistan from other countries.

Pakistan will issue visas to the Shiromani community and other groups, according to the quota. All such groups will provide a list of pilgrims to EPTB; no other individual apart from these will be granted a visa. Approximately 100,000 Sikhs want to visit Pakistan from India, Canada, the United States, United Kingdom, Malaysia and several other countries. However, making preparations for and ensuring the security of all attendees on such a large scale is not possible, said an EPTB senior official while speaking to Express-News. However, the final decision on the matter rests with the government and the federal interior ministry.

Although Guru Nanak’s 550th birthday is in November later this year according to the Roman calendar, the Sikh community will celebrate the occasion according to the Nanak Shahi calendar in November 2019. Federal Minister for Religious Affairs and Interfaith Harmony Sardar Muhammad Yousuf has already announced plans to issue a memorable coin commemorating the 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak.


The Central Gurdwara (Khalsa Jatha) London supported by Peter Virdee organised the event where several significant announcements were made by Sayed Bukhari.  Many of the Sikhs that spoke congratulated the Pakistan government for the stand taken regarding not only the establishment of the Kartarpur Corridor but also other measures being taken for the 550th Gurpurb of Guru Nanak Dev Ji.

Sayed Bukhari made a series of specific commitments regarding visas for religious reasons, including the possibility of visas online and visas on arrival.  However, after being pushed on this issue during a question-answer session he said he would ensure the establishment of tourism desks in Pakistani embassies and dedicated staff to facilitate visas for those taking part in Yatras in Pakistan later this year.

He also made a specific commitment on connectivity whereby high standard free buses would connect all the main Gurdwaras in Pakistan.  Several speakers also made comments about the Pakistan authorities needing to ensure the preservation of the rich religious and national heritage of the Sikhs rather than allow renovation by some that have little or no appreciation of preservation.

A Pakistani journalist made a generous gesture of donating land for the Pakistani authorities to build accommodation near Kartarpur.  However, this was overshadowed by Peter Virdee making a huge financial commitment by announcing the setting up of a trust under the name of Guru Nanak Dev Ji  رحمة الله.  He said the Peter Virdee Foundation and other business people he had discussed the project with were prepared to inject a massive £500m.  He said money was not an issue for the Sikh community as they were prepared to lay down their lives for their Gurdwaras.

The announcement concluded an excellent event with speakers alongside Sayed Zulfiqar Bukhari including Peter Virdee, Gurpreet Singh Anand, Bhai Amrik Singh, Chair of the Sikh Federation (UK), Preet Kaur Gill MP, Neena Gill MEP, Lord Suri, Sukhjeevan Singh, the Spokesperson for the Sikh Council UK, Dabinderjit Singh, Manvir Singh Bhogal and Justice Anup Singh.

Gurjeet Singh
National Press Secretary
Sikh Federation (UK)

www.sikhfeduk.com |sikhfederationuk@yahoo.co.uk | facebook.com/Sikh Federation UK | twitter @Sikhfeduk


Note 1:


The Sikh Federation (UK) is by far the largest, most prominent and influential campaigning Sikh organisation in the UK that leads to political engagement for the British Sikh community.  The organisation is often referred to as the first and only Sikh political party.  The Sikh community in the UK and throughout the diaspora look to the organisation for leadership and direction.

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Knowledge becomes Power only when Applied in Practice

Awareness Brief-AB-01-19, Friday, 19 April 2019, 13 Sha’ban 1440


Commodore Tariq Majeed PN (Retd)

No matter how much Pakistan civil and military leaders may please and pamper the Sikhs, when it comes to working for promotion of so-called Khalistan, the greater part of which is claimed to lie in Pakistan, no Sikh will hesitate to harm Pakistan’s vital national interests.

A Serious Danger being Ignored

          Some people, including those dealing with national security, may say Pakistan is already faced with an overabundance of perils and here is one more being added to them! It would not have been mentioned, had it not been so serious. Yes, it is a very serious and real threat. What makes it more dangerous is that the country’s political leaders, policymakers and intelligentsia seem to be oblivious to it, while the threat is expanding and fortifying itself in its various facets. It is being built up indirectly and stealthily and with utmost cunning and deception.

Khalistan Movement

          Extracts from Wikipedia on Khalistan mentioned below, is enough to reveal the crucial points.


          “The Khalistan movement is a Sikh separatist movement, which seeks to create a separate country called Khalistan (land of the pure) in the Punjab region of South Asia to serve as a homeland for Sikhs. The territorial definition of the proposed country Khalistan consists of both Punjab, India along with Punjab, Pakistan, and includes parts of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, and Rajasthan.

          “The Khalistan movement began as an expatriate venture. In 1971, the first explicit call for Khalistan was made in an advertisement published in the New York Times by an expat Jagjit Singh Chohan.  It sought to create an independent Sikh state in the Punjab region of South Asia… with the financial support of the overseas Sikh community. Territorialization of the Sikh community was formalized when Sikh political party Akali Dal in March 1946, passed a resolution proclaiming the natural association of Punjab and Sikh religious community.

“The movement began to militarize in the late 1970s and 1980s. In early 2018, some militant groups were arrested by police in [Indian] Punjab. Chief Minister of Punjab Amarinder Singh claimed the recent extremism is backed by Pakistan’s ISI and ‘Khalistani sympathisers’ in CanadaItaly, and the UK.”1


Khalistan Map

          At Khalistan Map website, several images are shown; some are with in-built features of vagueness and ambiguity, but all of these show much of Khalistan’s area as being located in Pakistan. Two of the maps show it quite clearly.2

          The Khalistan Map fully supports what is described at Paragraph one above about Pakistan’s territory claimed by the Sikhs with regard to the Khalistan Scheme.

Pakistan’s Policymakers—And the Khalistan Threat

            No intelligent Pakistani, and even any other person, on learning these basic details can miss the threat posed by the Sikhs to Pakistan. How is it that Pakistan’s Policymakers have remained unaware of the Khalistan threat? Perhaps they know about it; which raises several questions. Why have they not exposed it and alerted the public to beware of it? Why have they not analysed the Khalistan Scheme and taken suitable measures against the various actions by the local influential Sikhs and the Sikh Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee meant to bolster the Scheme?    

Indian Allegations against Pakistan  

A crucial question concerns India’s perpetual allegations that Pakistan is backing the Khalistan Movement to which Pakistan’s response has always been defensive, infirm and ineffective—rejecting India’s allegations, but not rejecting the Khalistan Movement.  As reported in Nation, 18 April 2018, “Pakistan on 17 April said it was not inciting the Sikh community to intensify the ‘Khalistan’ campaign. The foreign ministry categorically rejected Indian allegations…on the issue of ‘Khalistan.’”

            Another case was a gathering of Sikhs at London’s Trafalgar Square, on 12 August 2018, held to demand a referendum in 2020 for Khalistan.3 Indian authorities instantly levelled usual allegations against  Pakistan. Akali  Dal leader,  Rajya   Sabha   MP  Naresh Gujral termed the    ‘Referendum      2020’ campaign an attempt by  Pakistan’s   ISI   to    “foment trouble in  Punjab. It is financed by ISI.”4  

Pakistan failed to respond to these allegations. Not responding or indecisively responding to such allegations leaves the field open for the Indian propaganda to influence the public mind. The result is that perception has been created in Pakistani people, including the intelligentsia and government officials, that ‘India opposes Khalistan because its establishment means India’s disintegration’! It is a false perception created by planned propaganda targeting the people of Pakistan. The tragic irony, or the ironic tragedy, is that it is not India but Pakistan to which Khalistan poses a serious danger as the scheme moves ahead.  

A Harmful Statement

Foreign Office’s ignorance of the Sikhs’ Khalistan scheme resulted in a grossly improper statement that goes in favour of Khalistan, while it demeans Pakistan’s sovereignty and territorial sanctity. The statement, reproduced below, was in the news story Pakistan, India agree to build Kartarpur corridor,” published in The Nation, 23 November 2018:

“On Indian media reporting that Pakistan Evacuee Trust had mounted banners at the Gurdwara supporting the Sikh Khalistan Movement, the FO spokesman said the  government had nothing to do with them as the area of worship was the domain of Sikh devotees.”   

       The statement made        The statement made by Foreign Office  Spokesperson  Dr Mohammed Faisal, who  Mohammed Faisal, who was also the Director-General for South  Asia, was inappropriate.    ‘Domain’     means  ‘Realm’, ‘Dominion’, ‘Territory’.  Even if one did  not know

             Khalistan Flag                                                

     the Khalistan Threat to Pakistan, it was   wrong to say that the Kartarpur gurdwara’s

     “area of worship was the domain  of  Sikh  devotees”.   It is Pakistan’s  domain—                           

     Pakistan’s territory. Sikhs must be told not to fly Khalistan flag at any gurdwara here

     and not to consider any space in Pakistan as their ‘domain’.

Why the Sikhs Covet Pakistan Territory

It is Pakistan wherein the larger part of so-called Khalistan’s territorial claim lies. It is in Pakistan where lie the Sikhs’ main religious places, including Guru Nanak’s birthplace, at Dera Nanak and place of death, at Kartarpur. And it is in Pakistan’s territory where much of the area of the Sikh State of the 19th century was located. Its memory is kept alive through the Sikh media and their education system which emphasises teaching Sikhs the history of the Sikh empire, and it acts as a powerful incentive for them in pursuit of Khalistan.    

Khalistan—No Threat to India

India knows Khalistan poses no threat to it. In the Indian Union the provinces, known as states, are nearly autonomous in political status. Indian Punjab with an overwhelming majority of Sikhs is almost wholly a Sikh state. The Indian government may revert to it Haryana and Chandigarh which were separated from Indian Punjab in November1966.5 And it may let the expanded state be called Khalistan. This would be a clever political move. India would lose nothing, while it would meet a major demand of the pro-Khalistan Sikhs. The Sikhs’ focus then would be entirely on Pakistan’s side of Khalistan.

India knows Indian Punjab will never leave the Indian Union, where Sikhs are just 1.7 per cent of India’s population but occupy over 12 per cent of the jobs in the country and 20% of Indian Military consists of Sikhs.6 With Pakistan as the target of Khalistan Scheme, Indian secret agency RAW is fully implicated in supporting it.

NGOs and Sikh Organizations Backing Khalistan

There are NGOs, working openly or covertly, supporting all kinds of matters concerning Sikhs and providing them resources and guidance. All have their websites, such as, www.newsnow.co.uk/Sikhism: the one-stop shop for Sikhism news; Sikh Sangat Pakistan (SSP), SikhiWiki—free Sikh encyclopedia; www.sikhnet.com/daily-news; www.sikhs.org/summary. Most of these are focused on Pakistan, colouring their stories to favour the Sikhs directly or indirectly, for example, the website www.sikhiwiki.org/index.php/Khalistan has a long-winded, fabricated story alleging Sikhs are persecuted in Pakistan. On the Sikh population in  Pakistan, some NGOs give a highly inflated figure of 50,000; others say it is 20,000, whereas according to Pakistan’s National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA), “there were [just] 6,146 Sikhs registered in Pakistan in 2012.”7

Sikh Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee

 Then, there is (PSGPC) Pakistan Sikh Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee, which in the garb of religion functions as the political leadership, guiding Pakistani Sikhs and setting policies for them on all matters. This is done without publicity and without any visible connection of PSGPC with its moves in favour of Sikhs individually or the Sikh community as a whole. The PSGPC was established in 1998 by the Pakistan government.8  

It was entrusted with the maintenance of Sikh religious institutions, places of worship (gurdwaras) and the well-being of the Pakistani Sikh community.”9 It is nominally under control of the Evacuee Trust Property Board (ETPB). It was a smart move by the Sikh community leaders. The 10-member, all-Sikh Committee exercises control over its assigned functions and all the affairs of the Sikhs in Pakistan, while the ETPB bears the expenses and meets all the demands of the Committee.  



Role of RAW and the Super NGO in Khalistan Scheme

It is no exaggeration to say that the Khalistan Scheme is in the hands of RAW. And why should it not be so, when weakening and destabilising Pakistan’s overall security, integrity and strength is RAW’s main aim and the Khalistan Scheme fits in with the strategies that RAW is employing to achieve its aim! Sikhs are a very important part of the bands of RAW’s agents working against Pakistan. Enmity to Muslims is in their psyche, with its origin mainly in their history. Even little instigation can bring it out. All the events and propaganda concerning Khalistan, including anti-India protest rallies, are directly or indirectly controlled by RAW, while it was being handled by India’s Intelligence Bureau before RAW was formed in September 1968.

But, the way the life of the Sikh community in Pakistan was controlled and guided along a planned path indicated the involvement of a super NGO. This super NGO was highly resourceful and maintained a deceptive front. It created for itself contacts and influence in the media and civil, political and military circles, which had no idea of its real work. It has close secret links with RAW and selected Sikh leaders in India and Pakistan and some western countries. In Pakistan, its planned tasks were: to quash the literature about the massacres of Muslims by Sikhs at Partition in 1947, giving the Sikhs a new image, making them join the mainstream of life, arranging coverage in media and enabling them to build contacts and strive for empowerment.

Super NGO’s ‘Achievements’

            The Super NGO’s success is remarkable, as even a few examples below show.

  • The literature describing the organized preplanned atrocities by the Sikhs against Muslims in 1947 just disappeared decades ago, consequently, Pakistanis have been rendered totally ignorant of this appalling aspect of the Sikh character.
  • The Sikhs also disappeared from the public view for about five decades. Then, according to plan, they began to appear in public. A retired naval officer, who was visiting Masjid Wazir Khan inside Delhi Gate, Lahore, in August 1991, was surprised to see a Sikh emerging from a street in the Bazaar, which meant he lived in the area! About the same time people who regularly visited Allama Iqbal’s mausoleum and passed by Ranjit Singh’s Samadhi (mausoleum), located nearby, were amazed to find Sikhs moving in and out of the Samadhi, whereas earlier none was seen there.
  • Then, a series of planned steps were taken to give the Sikhs visibility and influence.

― In 2005, Harcharan Singh, from Nankana Sahib, was inducted as the first Sikh officer in Pakistan Army.10 Sikhs do not fit in with Pak Army’s ideology and culture, and he remains the lone Sikh in the Army, but it serves super NGO’s agenda.

― In May 2007, a 25-year old Sikh, Gulab Singh, from Nankana Sahib was inducted into Punjab Police as a traffic warden.11  He resigned after a few years, finding the job and the discipline too tough for him; yet he blamed the police institution.

                                                                                ―  In 2009,  25-year old Amarjeet  Singh, from   Nankana

Sahib was inducted in   Pakistan   Rangers.12     It  was

                                                                                obvious the strict conditions for  selection in  the Rangers,

                                                            especially the requirement of height and big stature were

                                                            waived off to enrol this Sikh in the Punjab Rangers. It also

                                                            showed the super NGO’s  ability to wield  influence for the   

                                                            aims of its agenda.




― In 2013 General  Elections, Ramesh Singh Arora, a Sikh from Nankana Sahib, was elected minority member of the Punjab Assembly. He was the first Sikh to be elected for provincial legislative assembly.13

― In Jan 2019, Pawan Singh Arora, working merely as a district information officer Nankana Sahib, was appointed to the sensitive post of PRO to Governor Punjab.14

―  On 29 Jan 2019, a Sikh MPA, Mahinder Pal Singh, was given the privileged appointment of a parliamentary secretary, the first for a Sikh in Punjab, while not a single woman lawmaker was on the list.15


Shoe-Cleaning Service for Sikhs by a Pakistani Law Official

In a strange, in fact, the weird case, a Pakistani Deputy Attorney General, Khurshid

Khan cleaned  shoes  of  Sikhs  at  several   

gurdwaras in India. After cleaning  shoes at

Gurdwara Rakabganj and Gurdwara  Sis-

ganj in New Delhi on  April 16, 2012,  he left

for Amritsar to clean  thousands more at the

Golden Temple. He had gone to India as part  of  a   Pakistan   Supreme   Court   Bar


        Association delegation. The story says the DAG began his shoe-cleaning service after Jaspal Singh, one of three Sikhs kidnapped by Taliban in Peshawar in 2010, was murdered. He said he was so upset by the Sikh’s murder that he went to sit on the steps of Peshawar’s Gurdwara Bhai Joga Singh. ‘There he felt a sense of peace, he told The Times of India.’16 It is a bogus story. What was the DAG’s connection with the murdered Sikh, that he thought of shoe-cleaning service for the Sikh community as atonement for this murder by Taliban, who had murdered hundreds of innocent persons? And why it was after a lapse of two years, in 2012, that the DAG turned to atonement for the Sikh’s murder that had taken place in 2010? What was the big incentive given to the DAG that he cared not that by his disgraceful act he was humiliating Pakistanis! Who organized this ugly drama; who else but the super-NGO! It is for the intelligence agencies to investigate.


          “The First Lady of Indian Punjab”

                      Another repulsive issue, that is highly embarrassing to Pakistanis, is that of a Muslim Pakistani woman who is living in sin with Indian Punjab’s chief minister, Captain Amarinder Singh and is openly acting as “The First Lady of Indian Punjab”. The woman, Aroosa Alam, is the daughter of a notorious female, Aqleem Akhtar, who became a close companion of General Yahya Khan in 1969 and was dubbed ‘general Rani’ due to her influence on Yahya Khan.             

“Singh and Alam have over the past ten years become a

fixture in Chandigarh. Their relationship has not just lasted

over a decade but is now at the point where Aroosa Alam is playing the first lady of Indian Punjab. Her family is a regular visitor to Indian Punjab. She visits Pakistan regularly. While Amarinder Singh  still prefers not to talk about his muse, she has no such compunctions and is open about her relationship with Singh.”17

Amarinder Singh is intensely hostile to Pakistan and is quick to blame Pakistan for India’s internal troubles.  An example in this regard is quoted above at page 1. Congress loyalist Amarinder Singh and his paramour are very useful assets of RAW and, no doubt, RAW is using them in its schemes to harm Pakistan.

“Indian Kabaddi Team visits Bhagat Singh’s Residence”

             An Indian Kabbadi team that had arrived in Lahore in early January 2019 for matches with a Punjab team was taken to a village in Jaranwala area, on 6 January, to a house said to have belonged to Baghat Singh,18 who was hanged for killing a British police officer in October 1928. Why was the Kabbadi team taken there? For no reason, except to create an occasion to craft publicity for the self-declared atheist Baghat,19 for whom a campaign had been launched to name the Shadman Chowk in Lahore after him and to build his statue there. An NGO, ‘Bhagat Singh Memorial Foundation’, was promoting the case20, but it was being backed by the Super NGO.      

The Hand of RAW—quite Visible

            Master planning for the clandestine, deceptive moves for using the Sikhs against Pakistan is in the hands of RAW. Just a few examples are noted below.

Sikh Protesters Storm Parliament.

Around a dozen  heavily  built and  aggressive  

Sikhs  broke the gate of  Parliament Building and interrupted

the House business on Friday morning, the Nation, Saturday,

24 May 2014 reported. They were  protesting the desecration of

their holy book.”

They also roughed up some policemen on duty. It was a shocking action by the local Sikhs who usually appeared to be docile. It was a scheme of RAW, executed by the Super NGO. Apart from its other effects, the aggressive, unruly conduct of the local Sikhs showed they could take the law in their hands and get away with it because if they were prosecuted, the ‘squads of human-rightists’ would scream that Pakistan authorities were being cruel to a minority community.


RAW-Crafted Statement by Granthi of Gurdwara Kartarpur

The headline in the Nation, Dec 13, 2018, stated, Refusal to build Kartarpura Corridor to invite Indian disintegration.”  

This statement made by the Granthi of Gurdwara Darbar Sahib, Kartarpur, is downright silly. Moreover, he should know that the proposal to build the Corridor had originally come from India many years ago. The Granthi, Sardar Gobind Singh, goes on to say, “Khalistan may prove India’s nemesis. God willing, the dream of Khalistan will come true… The Sikh community of India has been facing the worst kind of discrimination and intimidation at the hands of India’s Hindu extremists”. The source of these words is RAW, and this crafty propaganda targets Pakistan. This important Sikh religious figure needs to be investigated. He should be confronted with the absurdity of his comment about “Indian disintegration”, and should be asked what his idea of Khalistan is.

Kartarpur Corridor—Win-Win Situation for India and the Sikhs

            Policymakers and political commentators in Pakistan should face the facts; they will see that the Kartarpur Corridor scheme entirely and exclusively favours India and Indian Sikhs. India was the original initiator of this scheme. The Kartarpur Sahib corridor was proposed by the then prime minister, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, in February 1999 when he took a bus ride to Lahore during a peace initiative with Pakistan.” 21 Pakistan reportedly agreed to the proposal. However, the matter was left at that and remained closed for 18 years.

            Then, suddenly, it resurfaced as Imran Khan became Pakistan’s prime minister.   Chronology of events stated by Press Trust of India, New Delhi, November 28, 2018, shows the following information.


August 2018: [Indian] Punjab minister Navjot Singh Sidhu attended Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan’s swearing-in ceremony. Upon his return, Sidhu said that Pakistan Army chief General Qamar Javed Bajwa informed him that Pakistan government would open the Dera Baba Nanak (Kartarpur) corridor on Guru Nanak’s 550th birth anniversary.

November 22: Indian Cabinet approved Kartarpur corridor from Dera Baba Nanak to Pakistan border.

November 26: Vice President Venkaiah Naidu laid the foundation stone of Dera Baba Nanak – Kartarpur Corridor (up to International Border) at Mann village of Gurdaspur district.

November 28: Prime Minister Imran Khan laid the foundation stone of the 4-km corridor which is expected to be completed by next year [2019].”

Imran Khan made the Kartarpur Corridor issue as his own. His regime and the publicity apparatus took it up with extraordinary zeal.  The regime’s justification for its zealous pursuit of the Corridor issue consisted of two points: that “it was a longstanding desire of the Sikh people to facilitate them in visiting their sacred places” and that “it was an effort to normalise ties with India.”22   

 Both were without substance and logic, yet the political authorities and the media organs went on repeating them. There was no evidence—no statement, no news item—in the past that the Sikhs had demanded this corridor. In fact, they had no right to make such a demand, which has strategic implications in a most sensitive area at Pakistan’s border with India and which, if implemented, facilitates India’s aggressive military schemes against Pakistan. Besides, the corridor was not needed, as provisions exist for Indian or overseas Sikh pilgrims visiting Gurdwara Nankana Sahib to visit some other holy places, including Gurdwara Panja Sahib, Hasan Abdal and Gurdwara Darbar Sahib, Kartarpur.

Actually, it was a longstanding desire of India, aired in February 1999, by Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, as stated above. India’s Ministry of External Affairs mentioned this point again recently: “The government of India remains committed to realising the long-pending demand of Indian pilgrims to visit the holy Gurdwara Kartarpur Sahib using the corridor.” 23 This scheme, like other moves about Khalistan, is in the hands of RAW which is proceeding with planned steps.

As for the explanation that “it was an effort to normalise ties with India,” this unrealistic policy-line was a case of not only wishful thinking but also self-deception. Indian authorities spurned it by their actions and statements; yet Pak authorities kept repeating it, which showed that they remained deluded about the reality of the corridor issue and India’s underhand tactics. In this regard, a statement in the Nation, 26 November 2018, refers: “Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi said the opening of Kartarpura corridor was a longstanding desire of the Sikh community living in India. He termed endorsement of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his cabinet on the Kartarpura corridor a ‘great diplomatic triumph’ for Pakistan.”  

This statement overlooks the reality that India was the initiator of the corridor scheme and desired its early implementation, and it did not need any démarche or prodding by the Foreign Office in Islamabad, in this respect.  So, Pakistan claiming ‘great diplomatic triumph’ did not make sense.  In fact, India was prodding Pakistan to speed up the corridor’s construction. In the same newspaper, quoted above, was this statement: “Indian external affairs minister, Sushma Swaraj, also hoped that the Government of Pakistan will expedite the construction of the corridor in order to ensure that ‘our citizens can pay their respects at the Gurudwara Kartarpura Sahib using the corridor as soon as possible.’”

It was ironical, and quite disturbing, that Pakistan government was insistently pursuing its mistaken policy of “normalising ties with India” by fulfilling the corridor scheme, while India was continuing its brutal war in Kashmir, killing of innocent Pakistanis at the LoC and terror operations through its network in Pakistan. In fact, the Modi regime in India had assumed a war-like posture toward Pakistan, even as the corridor’s foundation stone laying was just a few days away! The situation was so serious as according to Nation, 23 Nov 2018, Chief of Army Staff General Qamar Javed Bajwa warned India over its continuous ceasefire violations and war rhetoric.”

Numerous instances could be quoted to show India’s strategy of desiring expeditious completion of Kartarpur corridor while altogether rejecting Pakistan’s viewpoint that the corridor project would lead to “normalising ties with India.” However, just one statement published in Dawn, November 29, 2018, should suffice:

“India’s Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj poured cold water on hopes of progress in Pak-India ties after positive developments on the Kartarpur corridor issue, saying it was not about the resumption of bilateral dialogue. ‘Bilateral dialogue and Kartarpur corridor are two different things. I am very happy that for the last 20 years,     rather for many years, the government of India has been asking for this Kartarpur corridor and for the first time Pakistan responded positively to it. That does not mean that bilateral dialogue would start on this,’ Ms Swaraj said while speaking to journalists in Hyderabad, India, on Nov 28, 2019.’”

British General’s Warning—to Muslims

Lt-General Reginald Savory, who had served at various posts in India, wrote a paper to look into the massacres and cruelties committed by the Sikhs at Partition of India in August 1947. This paper formed the basis of a talk on the Sikh problem which Savory was asked to give to the Chiefs of Staff in London, on 8 October 1947.” 24 Brief extracts from the paper are given below:

          “In the first place, the Muslim is the traditional enemy of the Sikh. Today the Muslim is the ‘actual’ enemy. Secondly, the Sikh State of 18th and 19th centuries extended across Punjab to the mountains of the North-West Frontier. The Sikhs remember this. Thirdly, the Sikh colonies around Montgomery [renamed Sahiwal], the Sikh shrine at Nankana Sahib, the old Sikh capital at Lahore, are all not only very tempting baits but are within comparatively easy reach. The hatred of the Muslim, the memories of the old Sikh Raj (onl British General’s Warning—to Muslims

Lt-General Reginald Savory, who had served at various posts in India, wrote a paper to look into the massacres and cruelties committed by the Sikhs at Partition of India in August 1947. This paper formed the basis of a talk on the Sikh problem which Savory was asked to give to the Chiefs of Staff in London, on 8 October 1947.” 24 Brief extracts from the paper are given below:

          “In the first place, the Muslim is the traditional enemy of the Sikh. Today the Muslim is the ‘actual’ enemy. Secondly, the Sikh State of 18th and 19th centuries extended across Punjab to the mountains of the North-West Frontier. The Sikhs remember this. Thirdly, the Sikh colonies around Montgomery [renamed Sahiwal], the Sikh shrine at Nankana Sahib, the old Sikh capital at Lahore, are all not only very tempting baits but are within comparatively easy reach. The hatred of the Muslim, the memories of the old Sikh Raj (only three generations ago) and the desire to regain the fertile areas so recently evacuated are all strong incentives.”

Field-Marshal Claude Auchinleck, the last C-in-C of British forces in India read the paper and said ‘I agree with all you say in this first-class paper, which puts the whole situation most clearly and concisely.’   

The relevant authorities should study this warning with the utmost attention. y three generations ago) and the desire to regain the fertile areas so recently evacuated are all strong incentives.”

Field-Marshal Claude Auchinleck, the last C-in-C of British forces in India read the paper and said ‘I agree with all you say in this first-class paper, which puts the whole situation most clearly and concisely.’   

The relevant authorities should study this warning with the utmost attention.



It is submitted that in light of the facts presented in this ‘awareness brief,’ the danger posed to Pakistan by the Khalistan scheme should be recognized and studied in depth, along with RAW’s control over it, and the people should be made aware of it.

It should be analysed how the small local Sikh community is gathering power and influence.

The publicity being given to Guru Nanak’s 550th birth anniversary is not understandable. It has no significance; his birth anniversary comes and goes for Sikhs every year.  

With India on the warpath and strong possibility of India initiating armed clashes with Pakistan, it is advisable to suspend the Kartarpur corridor project till the situation improves.

The authorities concerned must study the history of the Sikhs to gain an insight into why enmity to Muslims is inherent to Sikhs, (as General Savory also observes) as such they can never be sincere to Muslims.   


The writer is dedicated to exposing the issues harmful to Pakistan’s ideology, sovereignty and security.

His Résumé is attached to this paper.




  1. 1. //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khalistan_movement.   
  2. www.google.com/search+Map&oq
  3. Nation, August 13, 2018.
  4. www.newsnation.in/india-news/referendum-2020
  5. wikipedia.org/wiki/Haryana…          
  6. wikipedia.org/wiki/Sikhism in India.
  7. wikipedia.org/wiki/Sikhism in Pakistan.  
  8. thehindu.com/Pakistan-Sikh-body-elects…
  9. 9. wiki/Pakistan Sikh Gurdwara..Committee.
  10. //newsworldindia.in/world/meet
  11. //pakistaniat.com/..sikh-khalsa…
  12. pakpassion.net/-Sikh-Pakistan-Rangers.
  13. www.pakpedia.pk/ramesh-singh-arora.
  14. The Nation, 11 January 2019.
  15. //nation.com.pk/30-Jan-2019/punjab-gets-first-sikh-parliamentary-secretary.
  16. www.indiatvnews.com/news/india/pak-deputy-attorney-general-polishes-shoes
  17. www.thecitizen.in/The-First-Lady-of-Punjab; The Citizen, New Delhi, 3 May 2017.
  18. pakistantoday.com.pk/2019/01/06/indian-kabaddi-team-visits-bhagat-residence.
  19. wikipedia.org/wiki/ Why_I_Am_an_Atheist.
  20. Pakistan Today, 22 February 2018.
  21. IndiaToday, Press Trust of India, 28 Nov 2018.
  22. The Nation, 24 November 2018.
  23. Dawn, 30 March 2019.
  24. Disastrous Twilight – A personal Record of the Partition of India, Major-General Shahid

      Hamid, Private Secretary to Field-Marshal Claude Auchinleck, 1946-47, Leo Cooper,  

      London, 1986; page 264.

Commodore Tariq Majeed PN (Retd)


Tariq Majeed

Email: dilbedar@yahoo.com


Résumé—Commodore Tariq Majeed PN (Retd)


    A keen observer and analyst of political and strategic affairs, Tariq Majeed gives a lot of credit for his outstanding skill in this field to his service in the Pakistan Navy. The sea environment stimulates one’s mind to reflect upon things analytically and objectively, he says. The Navy provided him precious opportunities for visiting many countries and for acquiring advanced education in a variety of subjects, besides maritime and military studies. He had a fine career in the Operations Branch in the Navy, which he joined in April 1955 and left in July 1987 as a Commodore. His appointments in command, staff and instructional jobs included command of a destroyer, assistant chief naval staff (administration) in NHQ, directing staff in NDC and commandant of PN Staff College.

            Born in Lahore on 22 August 1937, Tariq Majeed studied in Central Model School and Government College Lahore, from where he did his FSc (non-medical) in 1955. He is a graduate of the US Naval Command College and also holds M.Sc. (War Studies) degree from Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad.

            During his career, he experienced many extraordinary events, besides the India-Pakistan Wars of 1965 and 1971. In 1962 as a young lieutenant he commanded a landing craft (tanks) and operated in the South Pacific as part of the Pakistan military contingent deployed on UN peacekeeping duties in West Irian, Indonesia. In the mid-1980s, he served in Saudi Arabia on deputation and studied, from close quarters, the Arab character and the subversive and dangerous Israeli-American schemes against the Gulf States, including Saudi Arabia and Iran.

            While in the Navy, he wrote articles under pen-names in newspapers and domestic and foreign journals. His main interest in writing was strategic and maritime matters until he discovered the anti-God, anti-Islam Zionist Clique manipulating international affairs and creating crises and turmoil with the aim of capturing global control. Then, his focus and writing effort shifted to exposing this Clique and its grave threats to the Muslim World, especially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. This mission was the main reason that impelled him to seek retirement from the Navy.

            Besides a number of research papers and monographs, he has authored four books: The Global Game for a New World Order, Alami Taghuti Khel Mein Makr-o-Fareyb Ka Raj (Deceit and Deception in the Evil Global Game), The Divine Imprint on the Birth of Pakistan and Masterminds of Air Massacres—of August 17 in Pakistan September 11 in America. His profoundly researched books provide the most valuable material for grasping the dangerous developments and the confounding turmoil taking place in the International sphere as well as within the countries around the world, and more so in Pakistan.

            On retiring from the Navy, the Commodore had decided to remain absolutely independent in pursuit of his mission, and not to accept any job with any governmental or non-governmental body nor to join any political, non-political, religious or social group. By the grace of God, he keeps that status. 


 Additional Reading

Expulsion of the Sikhs in Lahore During the 1947 India—Pakistan Partition

Introduction:— In May 1947, the Sikhs were increasingly arming themselves for an anti-Muslim militancy movement in order to stop the partition from happening, giving out 125 kirpans regularly per week in Gurdwaras, and mass converting over to the radical Nihang sect (Sikh militant[n. 1]).[1] Khushwant Singh, an agnostic writer—known as a challenger of hypocrisy and a critic of the Indian establishment—was from a Sikh family himself, and was greatly influenced by the events of the partition.[2] Of the Lahore riots in 1947, Singh pointed out that it was the Sikh leader, Master Tara Singh[n. 2] who “unsheathed his kirpan” and bellowed “death to Pakistan!”,[3] a proclamation that was declared outside the Punjab Legislative Assembly, a Muslim county—which both frightened and angered the Muslims of Lahore.[4] Singh wrote that it was like the “hurling” of “a lighted matchstick in a room full of inflammable gas”, which ignited much of the violence across the city.[4]By June 1947, “the Muslim goondas collapsed one hot afternoon”, proceeded with “no sounds of gunfire or the yelling of slogans” with “only the black clouds of smoke billowing from the city”; the Sikhs and Hindus had effectively been driven out, having been “sparked” by Tara Singh’s actions.[4] Even before these events, however, the Sikh leadership had been attacking trains going from Lahore to Rawalpindi. In one case two White English girls from the British army were attacked by 3 Sikhs, one died from stab wounds, and the other was rescued by Muslims.[5]

Khushwant Singh noted the Sikh chanting of “death to Pakistan” triggered the May-June 1947 riots.[n. 3]

Tara Singh made plans to instigate genocide on Punjabi Muslims in 1940.

The Sikh leadership had even plotted to overtake Punjab and enforce their religion on the Muslim majority or else kill and expel them in a pre-planned genocide year prior to this incident. According to the “Sikh-Muslim Tarikh” (1958) by Abul Aman Amritsari (issued by the “Idarah Saqafat-i Islamiyyah”; or the “Institute of Islamic Culture”, a publishing house based in Lahore), the Sikhs had been planning it at least since 1940; 7 years before the partitioning of India.[3] Even in late 1945 Master Tara Singh gave an interview to the Punjabi journal, the “Panj Dariya”; further declaring his anti-Muslim animus and giving support to the British invaders;[n. 4]“[w]hen in 1940, France was defeated by Germany, there was nervousness here; people thought that the British would be defeated. I also had this possibility before me…With this idea, we used to discuss things amongst us. We organised the Jathas and made arrangements by which Sikhs could gather quickly at some places. In our plans, Lahore occupied a special place. We felt that there would not be much difficulty in taking possession of the city of Amritsar, and made arrangements so that Jathas of Sikhs could simultaneously attack Lahore from all four directions”.[3] He even gathered both absconding murderers and rapists, sheltering them in Gurdwaras as “in case there was disorder in the country, these desperadoes may prove useful”.[3] Ironically, Tara Singhs overtaking of Punjab ended up in total failure; the Sikhs had been expelled through his own violent actions.[n. 5]



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Mountbatten, Sikhs and Massacres of Muslims at Partition – Commodore Tariq Majeed PN (Retd)

Awareness Brief-AB-04-18-Tuesday, 14 August 2018, Zilhaj 2, 1439

If you desire to refresh the wounds of the heart,

Recall now and then this story of the days past

Mountbatten, Sikhs and Massacres of Muslims at Partition

Commodore Tariq Majeed PN (Retd)








   Partition of the Subcontinent in August 1947 on withdrawal of British colonial power and emergence of Pakistan and Hindu India as independent states was a most momentous event of the 20th century. It was accompanied by immense social turmoil, uprooting of millions of people and horrific bloodshed—in which Muslims were the main victims.

         It is often said that enormous sacrifices were made in attaining Pakistan. This paper gives a glimpse of these sacrifices.

Many books were written about the Partition, mostly by western writers and Indians. Very few of these books can be considered as depicting the facts correctly. Yet, it is rare to find a book which does not hide those facts which go against the thesis of the book’s author. Besides, a subject that these books gloss over or evade altogether is the planned bloodshed of Indian Muslim population by Sikhs and Governor General Mountbatten’s role in it.

In the literature on the Partition, an outstanding book is Disastrous Twilight—A Personal Record of the Partition of India by Major-General Shahid Hamid, published in 1986 by Leo Cooper. The author was Private Secretary, 1946-47, to Field Marshal Claude Auchinleck who was the last Commander-in-Chief in British India from 20 October 1943 to 26 September 1947. Shahid Hamid saw the unfolding of critical events from close quarters as the C-in-C’s office was privy to all matters, military, political or administrative. He kept a record of all important happenings, which is valuable material for history on all vital aspects of the Partition. What is more valuable is the record of striking revelations on sensitive issues. A top issue in this regard is Mountbatten’s role in the carnage of Muslims by Sikhs. His actions that provoked this carnage included deceitfully making changes in the Boundary Commission’s Award and intentionally delaying the announcement of the Award.

Image result for Mountbatten, Sikhs and Massacres of Muslims at Partition

Master Tara Singh -Promotor of Muslims Refugees migrating to Pakistan






The facts recorded in Shahid Hamid’s book are reproduced here. Headings have been added for quick grasp of contents. All dates pertain to the year 1947.

Author’s Introduction—in his own words. I had never met Field Marshal Sir Claude Auchinleck before I was selected to be his first Indian Private Secretary. Why I was selected for the post I do not know… I was fortunate to witness many historic events, and also to meet the men who made them possible. This gave me a unique insight into the character of the leaders and their approach to the national problems that were facing them. I was able to record their opinions, expressed both privately and in the open… I saw small men entrusted with great jobs, playing with the destiny of millions. This book has been written incorporating the diary I kept diligently in those days. It is not just a record of events but includes my reactions to what I saw, what I heard and what came across my desk.                                                [p. vii]

            I have come to the conclusion that someday I may publish my diaries as a book, for in it there will be certain facts brought to the light of which few people have knowledge.                                                                                                [p. 240]

The Sikhs’ Reaction to the Partition Plan. 4 June: When Mountbatten announced his (June 3) Plan, the Sikhs promptly perfected their plan for revenge. Led by their warrior class and assisted by their leaders, they have organized themselves into ‘Jathas’ (gangs). They have adopted force and terror tactics. They are now preparing their followers physically and psychologically for the brutalities to be inflicted on the Muslims. The Congress High Command is encouraging them and calls them the ‘sword arm of the Congress’.

Mountbatten at no stage encouraged the Sikhs to come to a settlement with the Muslim League which would have partially avoided the massacre. In fact, he encouraged them to stay with the Congress. When the Sikhs became violent he arrested none.                                                                                      [p.180,181]

Radcliffe’s Appointment. 28 June 1947: It had been decided to ask Sir Cyril Radcliffe to be the head of the Punjab and Bengal Boundary Commissions. I think that it is a great mistake as he can be influenced by Mountbatten. It would have been far better to have selected a man from a country outside the Commonwealth. [p.194]                                                                                           

Boundary Commission. 22 July: The Boundary Commission has been set up and has started its deliberations.                                                                         [p.208]  

24 July: The Punjab Boundary Force has been positioned. It is too small a force to be effective. The Sikhs have decided to ignore it and put their plan of vengeance into operation. There have been riots in Dehra Dun, Meerut, Pilibhit, Alwar and Bharatpur. Many Muslims are being massacred.                                    [p.209, 210]

Efforts to Influence the Boundary Commission. 21 July 1947: Baldev Singh* has asked Major Short** to fly out to India and use his influence to get the Boundary Line drawn as much to the West as possible.                                                      [p. 208]

* A top Sikh leader; Mountbatten knew Baldev Singh was the treasurer of a fund that

  the Sikhs were collecting for buying arms.                                                      [p.163]                                                     

**Major Short, an old officer of XI Sikh Regiment and a great Sikh enthusiast; arrived on 28 July, stayed with Baldev, attached to Mountbatten’s staff and was their unofficial adviser on Sikh affairs. [p.211]. Short had been introduced to Mountbatten by Cripps as the authority on Sikh affairs.                                                    [p.180]

Hindus also for Killing Muslims. 4 August: Evan Jenkins, the Governor of Punjab, says that when the Hindus mention that ruthless action must be taken to restore law and order they mean that every Muslim should be killed.                               [p.219]

Boundary Award Delayed. 9 August 1947: Everyone is talking about the impending Boundary Award. On many occasions, Radcliffe, supported by his secretary, Beaumont, had said that the Muslim Majority Tehsils of Ferozpore which include the Canal Headworks, Zehra and Moga, will form part of Pakistan. It is said that yesterday (8 August) Radcliffe had finalised the Award. He has now submitted it to Mountbatten, who is trying to keep it a closely guarded secret. Many of its salient points have already leaked out through the staff of the Boundary Commission and through his own staff.

            A copy of the Award, unwittingly, and unknown to Mountbatten, has been sent by George Abell* to the Secretary of the Governor of Punjab and is known to many. It is common talk that Mountbatten is busy changing it – giving India a corridor to Kashmir through Gurdaspur as well as the Ferozpore Headworks. The Muslims are very jittery. Radcliffe originally said that he would require one to two years to establish the Boundary Line but Mountbatten has over-ruled him. He wants him to base it on the ‘rule of thumb’. There is continuous consultation between the  Congress, the Sikhs, the Princes and Mountbatten. Something is cooking. Nobody knows the date of the announcement of the Award. It is up to Mountbatten.

            Governor of Punjab has been asked by Mountbatten for advice as to the date of the announcement. It is also said that the Viceroy will not be issuing the Award in the form of a communiqué from the Viceroy’s House. It will be published as a Gazette Extraordinary under the instructions of the Boundary Commission. Mountbatten wants to give the impression to the world that he had nothing to do with it.      [p.222]

*George Abell entered the ICS in 1928; Private Secretary to the Viceroy 1945-47.

Rioting by Sikhs. 9 August 1947: Rioting by Sikhs has started. This is in accordance with their plan.                                                                           [p.223]

C-in-C Pakistan Army—on the Delay in the Award. 11 August: General Frank Messervy is of the opinion that the postponement of the Boundary Commission Award is causing uncertainty and immense bloodshed.                                  [p.224]

Shocking Report of the Boundary Force. 11 August: A report has been received from the Punjab Boundary Force which says that:

■ The refugee problem, mainly from Eastern Punjab to Western Punjab is becoming increasingly difficult.

■ The disturbances are producing an average of two hundred to five hundred killings a day. Raids are organized and usually carried out by well-armed gangs of Sikhs.

■ Derailment of trains is a common occurrence. The Maharajah of Faridkot himself is known to be organizing the operations.

■ On arrival in Amritsar to take over their duties, the non-Muslim Police disarmed the Muslim members of the Police Force.                                                           [p.224]

Messervy’s Alarming Report. 11 August: General Messervy has also reported that the situation in Punjab is really bad. The Sikhs are operating large numbers of gangs and timely information about their movement is impossible. The situation in Amritsar is fast deteriorating as a result of the disarming of the Muslim Police by the Hindu Superintendent of Police.                                                                             [p.224]

The Sikhs’ Ghastly Behaviour. 13 August: In a conference in Lahore, Jenkins, the Governor, and Pete Rees, Commander of the Boundary Force, gave their views on the prevailing situation. They painted a very gloomy picture. They said that the Sikhs were behaving with ‘pre-medieval ferocity’, and felt the worst had still to come.

            The C-in-C made a note. ‘The delay in announcing the Award of the Boundary Commission is having a most disturbing and harmful effect.’                          [p.225]

Late Announcement of Award led to the Storm of Killings.  16 August: There was a meeting of the Joint Defence Council under the chairmanship of Mountbatten. It was attended by Nehru, Vallabhai Patel, Baldev Singh and Liaquat Ali Khan. Auchinleck gave his views on what he had seen in the last few days and on the discussion he had with Governor Jenkins and Major-General Thomas Rees. He emphasized that the delay in announcing the Award of the Boundary Commission had resulted in the wildest rumours, even to the extent, for example, that Lahore will be part of India. This has given fresh impetus to the killings by the Sikhs. The Award should have been announced on 9 August, as Jenkins had suggested earlier.

Patel said rioting at Rawalpindi started a chain reaction. He admitted that Tara Singh had made indiscreet and inflammable speeches, which had added fuel to the fire. Liaquat openly said that the whole thing had been carefully engineered by the Sikhs under the guidance of Baldev. Nehru sat depressed and in a daze. He asked whether there was a military escort on every train. If so, why did the massacres take place? He was told that the gangs got on to the train with their arms concealed. Once on, they then attacked suddenly.

Mountbatten tried to humour everyone and admitted that he hoped he had not made too big a mistake by not announcing the Award on 9 August. He said that the storm was not unexpected, but its extent could not have been anticipated. He said he now realized that if he had rounded up the Sikh trouble-makers, including Tara Singh, he would not have had to face this day.                                              [p.234]

Mountbatten’s Underhand Alterations. 16 August: The Award has been shown to the leaders. It is a black day for Pakistan. All the rumours were true about Mountbatten amending the findings, and that he has destroyed the proof. What he did not realize was that, by mistake, a copy was sent to the Secretary of the Governor of Punjab which Jenkins gave to his successor, Francis Mudie, who handed it over to Liaquat. This has horrified Mountbatten.

The amendments Mountbatten made were common knowledge. The Canal Headworks at Ferozepore have been awarded to India on the instigation of his great friend, the Maharajah of Bikaner who, on 11 August, sent his Prime Minister, Sirdar Pannikar, and his Chief Engineer, Kanwar Sain, to see him. It has convinced the Muslims that Mountbatten altered the Award. Finally, Nehru was instrumental in getting the Award altered. A corridor has been provided to Kashmir.               [p.235]

The Treacherous Alterations in the Boundary Award. The Pakistan Times, 18 August 1947, reported, ‘In Punjab, the notional division had been unfair but the final Award has gone much further and hacked off some of our richest tracts of land. The blow has been the hardest in Gurdaspur where the two Muslim Tehsils of Gurdaspur and Batala with a Muslim majority have been thrown into Hindustan along with the Pathankot Tehsil, taking away from Pakistan the rich Muslim industrial area of Batala. A part of Lahore has been broken off. Radcliffe has gone to the trouble of drawing a village to village boundary but the Ajnala Tehsil of Amritsar District with a 60 per cent Muslim majority and contiguous to the District of Lahore has been completely forgotten. The Tehsils of Zehra and Ferozepore with a clear Muslim majority have been dismissed with talk of “disruption of communication”.’       [p.236]

Mountbatten Lied about the Alterations. 16 August: Mountbatten says that he received the Award on 13 August and signed it on the 15th. Everyone knows this is not correct. The late announcement has caused havoc because of the uncertainty of which areas would finally belong where.  Mountbatten wanted the bloodbath to happen when the two Governments had been established so that the responsibility would not be his.                                                                                         [p.235]

Award Published. 17 August: The Boundary Award was published today.    [p.236]

Sikhs on the Rampage. 17 August: A meeting of the Joint Defence Council has been held in Ambala. Rees told the meeting that without the Punjab Boundary Force the slaughter would have been far greater. The Sikhs are burning the country from Lahore to Julundhur and turning it into a battlefield.

            Percy Howard wrote in The Sunday Express, ‘It was really the movement of the Sikh community out of the new Pakistan which sparked off the great killings in Punjab and they acted like savages.’                                                       [p.236]


Sikhs’ Private Army. 19 August: Situation in Punjab, especially Amritsar, is bad. Sikh personnel of the (disbanded) Indian National Army (of Subhas Chandra Bose) have formed a Private army for the slaughter of the Muslims. They want to ensure the elimination of Muslims from the Sikh areas of Punjab. The Indian Government is incapable of controlling the Sikhs. Trains to Pakistan are being looted each day and their occupants slaughtered.                                                   [p.237]


Appalling Situation in Delhi. 5 September: Situation in Delhi is extremely critical. Muslims are being hunted and butchered in the streets, and the bodies lie rotting. Arson and looting are the order of the day.                                                   [p.246]


Bloodshed was Pre-Planned. 8 September: Sikhs in Simla have been slaughtering the Muslims according to a pre-arranged plan. The civil administration in east Punjab is practically non-existent. There too the Muslims are being slaughtered according to a concerted plan.                                                                                        [p.246]


The ban on ‘Kirpans’ Withdrawn. 13 September: (From a letter to Mountbatten by Auchinleck). “I feel I must tell you of my fears about the present situation. I see in today’s newspaper that the ban placed on ‘Kirpans’ has been virtually withdrawn. The general public, here and all over India, can place one interpretation only on this action, which is that the Government does not really mean to grasp this problem of asserting its authority over the forces of disorder. The inference is that it is afraid to deal with the Sikhs as they should be dealt with.”                                          [p.249]


Governor Jenkins’ Official Records were Burnt. Once when I met Jenkins and pressed him to write his memoirs, he replied that ‘It is not in the interest of the Commonwealth.’ It is known that at the time of his departure from India he was warned by Mountbatten not to speak out. He was ordered to burn all his official papers, which included many connected with the Boundary affair, but still, a few papers including the original sketch map demarcating the boundaries between the two Dominions before it was altered by Mountbatten fell into the hands of Francis Mudie, the Governor, who gave them to Liaquat.                                           [p.300]


Clear-Cut Conclusions. Among the several conclusions from the given facts, two must be highlighted. Mountbatten knew the consequences of delaying the Boundary Award, that when announced it will absolutely shock and stun the Muslims in the Muslim-majority Areas, which by the rules of the Boundary Award were to be part of Pakistan, but which he had given to India. The Muslims will be seized with panic and fright and will be powerless against the Sikhs’ onslaught. This is what happened.

Secondly, the plans of the intended massacres that had been made in advance were known to Baldev Singh and Major Short, Mountbatten’s adviser on Sikh affairs. And Nehru and Mountbatten were aware of the coming bloodshed by the Sikhs but did not try to prevent it.


The writer is an analyst of national and global issues and is dedicated to exposing the issues harmful to Pakistan’s security and sovereignty.     



Tariq Majeed

Cell: 0301-438-6267

Email: dilbedar@Yahoo.com





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