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Archive for May, 2012



Why not test this punishment on Zardari and Rehman Malik, before hanging both of them. this way they will feel the pain of 180 million Pakistanis. This may be cruel and unusual punishment, but, it be less painful than chopping their hands and later-on either hanging them or chopping their heads off, a la the Kingdom of Saudis in Arabia.

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Night of The General







Once among the country’s most influential individuals, General Rani is now just a faded page in the country’s history books.

The woman was a phenomenon. Easily the most influential figure during Pakistan’s second military regime, with the slightest gesture of her bejewelled hand she could guarantee employment, ensure promotions and bring about unwelcome transfers. Yet, interestingly, few even know her real name: Akleem Akhtar. General Rani she was, and remains to all but an intimate few.
There are enough reasons for the lady’s ascension to local legend status. In her glory days she seemed omnipotent and was brazen about her exploits. And now, even while suffering from breast cancer that has led to metastasis in the liver and kidney, bedridden and in semi-seclusion, she remains spirited and outspoken.
Yet, doing a story on her was probably the most difficult assignment I have undertaken. For one thing, everyone I was certain was acquainted with her, was reluctant to even own up to the fact that they knew her. So, for starters, I made a call to her daughter, Aroosa Alam, the defence journalist for the Pakistan Observer and the news coordinator for the Middle East Broadcasting Company, and pop star Fakhre Alam’s mother.
Aroosa nipped all efforts at contact with her mother in the bud, claiming that not only was General Rani far too unwell to entertain visitors, but also, her brothers were completely against their mother appearing in the press. “My mother has been hurt sufficiently by the media already; we don’t want her private life exploited any further,” stated a stern Aroosa.
A call to Naureen and Arshad Sami, Adnan Sami Khan’s parents, proved equally unsuccessful. Although General Rani is Naureen’s maternal aunt, she politely but firmly denied even knowing the lady. There was a similar response from Zil-e-Huma, whose mother Madame Nur Jehan’s friendship with General Rani was legion. Huma completely denied any knowledge of the woman.

A journalist working for the Jang group, Maqsood Butt nearly had an apoplexy when I mentioned the story I was working on. While in the past Maqsood Butt had written extensively on this topic and is said to have close ties with the family, he has for several years, refrained from even bringing up her name in an article.
“I promised her that I would never talk about her or her family again,” he stated nervously and refused to help me in any way.
Clearly, the woman I was seeking out was no ordinary woman. As I kept running into a blind alley and became increasingly despondent, General Rani’s lawyers, S. M. Zafar and Ijaz Batalvi, Mustafa Khar, and a few journalists and government officials who wish to remain anonymous, appeared like beacons and lit my way.
A sneak visit was arranged to General Rani’s house and thereupon begins this story.
The house General Rani resides in is rather small, with little more than a handkerchief-sized lawn in front, and the main door opening into a virtually non-existent hall that leads straight to her room. There was an air of neglect about the house; the garden was unkempt and the floor unswept. General Rani was lying in bed. My first impression was one of shock. Having visualised an elegant, elderly woman, I was instead confronted by a dark, overweight woman. Her hair had obviously suffered due to heavy doses of chemotherapy, and the loss of hair accentuated the pock-marks on her face. But though visibly ill, she was in good spirits and happy to entertain visitors – a commodity I suspect, is a rare treat nowadays.
General Rani hails from a village in Gujarat. Her father was a zamindar and the family was reportedly well-to-do. Those who knew her family describe their house as one of the bigger mansions in the area, with a number of servants running around to the residents’ bidding.
From the outset, Akleem was an independent spirit. She was a tomboy, fond of outdoor sports and hunting. And though she did not even complete her matric, her sharp intelligence more than compensated for her lack of education.
At a tender age she was married to a police officer many times her senior. Though the marriage lasted for some time and she bore six children, General Rani was never happy. Her husband was a traditionalist and believed that a wife’s primary duty was to serve her husband. A woman as strong and independent as she found this hard to digest, and squabbles were common between the two. The sham their marriage was eventually reduced to, collapsed one day – right on Murree’s Mall Road.
One summer, when the family was vacationing in Murree, a burqa-clad Rani and her husband went for a stroll on the Mall. As was customary for him, he walked a step or two behind her so as to keep an eye on her. Suddenly there was a gust of wind – “a lovely breeze” says she, and quite spontaneously Rani lifted the naqab covering her face to allow the breeze to caress her cheeks.
Her husband immediately tapped her with his walking stick to reprimand her. Enraged and insulted, she threw caution to the wind and flung her naqab to the ground, and her abaya into a cracking fire. She then turned to face her husband with a defiant gleam in her eyes.
She explains her reaction in these words: “I just felt I had had enough. The anger and frustration had been building up inside me for many months, but that day, it just all came oozing out. I wanted to tear my husband’s muffler into bits, scratch his face, pull his hair out, and do all sorts of damage to him. The only thing that stopped me were the people on the Mall.”
Though this incident marked the end of her marriage, the official divorce process (if there was one) took place later. Most sources agree that Rani was only married once, but one of her closest friend states that there was a second marriage, much later in her life and of an extremely short duration. Whatever the truth of that marriage, the dramatic end of her first proved a turning point in her life and transformed Rani irrevocably. She began to thrive on her independence and her life philosophy evolved into a specific ambition. As she puts it, “I was determined to beat men at their own game. Since my husband was in the police, I had been observing men in positions of power throughout my married life and I had realised that all men in positions of power needed a vent and the vent they require the most is a bedmate provided through a reliable agency. The higher a man’s position, the greater his demand.”
In one interview, Rani stated: “I knew that dumb, pretty girls who come with no strings attached are a universal failing of men in power. After my marriage collapsed and I had to find the means to support myself and my children, I decided to become the provider of such girls to men in need.”
In yet another conversation, she talked about the understanding she gained of the workings of the government by listening to her husband’s complaints. “I realised that in this country everything worked on mutual favours and the profession that I had chosen for myself entitled me to these favours.”
This outspokenness notwithstanding, Rani maintains she personally never allowed herself to be used or even thought of as any man’s keep. She contends she maintained her dignity and saw herself as a sexless mother figure. She says she was always the woman behind the scenes, there to run the show and mop up the mess.
The gods were obviously smiling on her, because soon after she adopted this profession, the man who was soon to run the show took a shine to her. She describes her first meeting with Yahya Khan. “At that time Agha Jani was posted at Kharian and I was living in Gujarat. We met by chance at a party in Pindi club. Though I would often frequent such parties, I never joined in the drinking and dancing. Rather, I preferred sitting some distance away from the party and usually found a seat near the men’s room, well aware of the fact that the more they drank the more visits they would have to make to the toilet and hence past me.
“Agha Jani was in full swing at this party. He was completely drunk, and was continually traipsing back and forth from the men’s room. During one of these visits, he saw me and took a fancy to me. I remember asking about him and after we were formally introduced, I invited him to Gujarat.”
Thereafter Yahya Khan began making frequent journeys from Kharian to Gujarat. Somewhere along the way she earned the title of General Rani and the name stuck. While speculation about the exact nature of her relationship with Yahya Khan rages – they were said to be friends, lovers, shared a sibling relationship or one of demand and supply at various times through the course of their relationship – the general consensus among Rani’s more intimate circle is that they never had a physical relationship. Various explanations are put forth to explain this. “Yahya never desired her,” says a friend. “She was a woman of principles and from day one, she made it clear to him what her limits were,” states another.
Nonetheless, after he became the martial law adminstrator, Rani became a cornerstone in his life. Yahya’s weaknesses were drink and women and Rani masterfully catered to both. Among the women she introduced him to were film actress Taranna – film actress Andleeb’s mother – Madame Nur Jehan and Nael Kamal. She relates how Yahya’s fascination with Nur Jehan began.
“One night Agha Jani came to visit me and was somewhat agitated. The moment he entered, he inquired if I had heard the song “cheeche da chala” from the film Dhee Rani. I smiled and stated that I had no time to listen to songs. So, he called the military secretary and ordered him to have a copy of the song delivered to my house at once. It was two o’ clock in the morning and the MS had to specially have an audio shop opened up in order to obtain the album. But the command was obeyed and within an hour, Agha Jani was blissfully listening to the song.
“Observing him I smiled and stated that since he seemed to enjoy the song so immensely, I would bring the singer to his house on his birthday. This greatly pleased him and so the very next day, I took a flight to Lahore. In those days, a suite at the Intercontinental Hotel was permanently reserved for me and so from the airport, I went directly to the hotel. From there I called Nur Jehan and asked her to come and meet me. Till now, I had never been formally introduced to her; I just knew of her, as she knew of me. Well, Nur Jehan came, and we talked, and the next week she arrived in Islamabad to dance and sing for General Yahya Khan.”
Madame Nur Jehan’s relationship with General Yahya Khan subsequently came under great scrutiny. At first, Madame persistently denied that she was on friendly terms with the general, but when objectionable pictures of both of them were printed, she resorted to another defence and officially stated that General Rani, had time and, again tried to get her involved with the general. In response to this, Rani laughed and commented that Madame was hardly a suckling infant who could be coerced into doing what others wanted her to do. The Rani-Nur Jehan tussle was played up by the press, until eventually, some time before the latter’s death, the two made up. Following is an extract from an interview General Rani gave after Madame’s death.
Q: Why did you introduce Madame Nur Jehan to General Yahya Khan?
A: Some tax inspectors were bugging Madame Nur Jehan and the poor woman was in great distress. She asked me to help her out and I introduced her to Agha Jani.
Q: How would you define your relationship with Nur Jehan?
A: She was just like my sister and I often called her baji.
Q: How would you describe her character?
A: She was an exceptionally brave and confident woman, who brought up her children singlehandedly. The only flaw she had was her greed for money.
Q: It is said that Madame tried to drive a wedge between you and Yahya Khan?
A: I don’t want to say anything on this issue. If Rani catered to Agha Jani’s every whim, there is no question that she was royally compensated. During Yahya Khan’s time, General Rani prospered way beyond her wildest expectations. There are endless reports of how she would use her ‘special relationship’ with Yahya to fill her coffers. She would ask for a plot of land or a house in return for a favour and those desperate for a job or promotion would readily fulfill her demands. During this time, politicians were also eager to win her approval and among the many who curried her favour were Mustafa Khar and Z. A. Bhutto.
General Rani describes her relationship with these two men: “Both Mustafa Khar and Z. A. Bhutto would come and sit at my house for hours on end, begging me to introduce them to the General. Mustafa Khar was particularly fond of listening to the poems I used to write. In fact if you compare Yahya Khan to these two, I would say that I was closer to Bhutto and Khar and arranged more parties for them than I did for Agha Jani.”
It was a closeness that was not to endure. As soon as Bhutto came to power, General Rani was put under house arrest and her telephone connection was cancelled. Her crime in the words of an eminent lawyer was that, “she knew too much.”
Thus began General Rani’s downfall. Once the issue of house arrest was resolved (courtesy S. M. Zafar) and her subsequent jail terms ended (the most recent for drug-trafficking), General Rani never really reverted to her former glory. By now the money that had so freely flowed into her hands had also freely flowed out.
Financially wrecked, socially ostracised, dependent only on the kindness of a few whose affections for her have endured, General Rani lives largely in the past – in the memory of days of wine and roses.


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Secret Affidavit of Yahya Khan: Bhutto and Mujib’s Treachery and Lust for Power

Whenever someone says, ”Let me tell you a secret ” you not only feel important but also loaded with info that others don’t have yet. So, let me, like a poet who looks to his audience for praise after he lets out one of his prize verse, have that feeling by sharing Yahya Khan’s secret that had been buried for decades. …………It was ZAB & not Mujeeb who cracked Pakistan. ……………… Oh, I feel so much better now. Now you can go on and spend your time reading the story.
And one more thing. I am not looking for a praise because I did not concoct it like poets do. It is Yahya’s doing.
Zindgi kyaa hai, Anaasir main Zahoor-e-Tarteeb
Maut kyaa hai, inhee ijzaa ka Pareeshaan honaa


Secret Affidavit of Yahya Khan

Posted by sarmad on Apr 19th, 2011
Edited by: Abu Rushd First Edition: February 2009 Published by: Bangladesh Defence Journal
“It was Bhutto, not Mujib, who broke Pakistan. Bhutto’s stance in 1971 and his stubbornness harmed Pakistan’s solidarity much more than Sheikh Mujib’s six-point demand. It was his high ambitions and rigid stance that led to rebellion in East Pakistan. He riled up the Bengalis and brought an end to Pakistan’s solidarity. East Pakistan broke away.”
The above statement was made by former President of Pakistan General Aga Muhammed Yahya Khan (February 4, 1917 – August 10, 1980) in his secret Affidavit placed with the Lahore High Court. Twenty-seven years after his death, in December 2005 the Pakistan government released this document for public information. In this affidavit, Yahya Khan describes many sensational incidents that occurred before the 1971 war and after, during his rule. He writes of his role as President, his shortcomings, of how he was used like a pawn in a chess game. He speaks of traitors behind the scenes, of the roles played by Bhutto and Mujib, of how and why the Pakistan army cracked down on Bengalis, how far the Generals were responsible, who were behind the genocide and so on. Other than the Hamudur Rahman Commission Report of 1972, this is the only publication containing the statements of Yahya Khan, giving his version of the events of 1971.
Once the war ended, Bhutto immediately took over power and placed President Yahya Khan under house arrest. The Bhutto government treated Yahya Khan and his family ruthlessly. When General Ziaul Huq came to power in 1977, he released Yahya Khan. It was then that Yahya decided on this affidavit, to record his statements for posterity. He made this affidavit through Advocate Manzur Ahmed Rana of the Lahore High Court.
The affidavit consists of 57 pages. Before the affidavit was filed with the court, Yahya Khan carefully scrutinised each typed page in May 1978 at his house in Rawalpindi . He made a few amendments here and there and then signed the document, declaring it to be the truth.
After a long spell of illness, this military ruler finally breathed his last in August 1980 in the house of his brother Muhammed Ali in Lahore .
In his affidavit, Yahya Khan states how the government had been pushed back against the wall. Awami League President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman gained immense power and Yahya Khan could not accept his attitude. He says that Mujib had brought the administration to a standstill. This was unacceptable, intolerable. This was a rebellion against the government. He says that there was no alternative to military action against this uprising. He says he did not launch Operation Searchlight on March 25, 1971 at the behest of Bhutto or anyone else. He issued these order in his capacity as President and Army Chief in order to quell the uprising.
Yahya Khan, in this document, is unwilling to accept that the cessation of East Pakistan and the surrender of the Pakistan army as a military defeat. He says this is was a naked conspiracy of India. He berates India and Russia for their role in this regard and has all gratitude for the United States and China for their support. He terms Mujib as a patriot, but says that Awami League had a section of radical leftists who were instigating him. They did not want to relinquish the opportunity to materialise India’s long cherished dream of breaking up Pakistan.
According to Yahya Khan, it was Tikka Khan who issued the orders to capture Mujib dead or alive. Bhutto had wanted to hang Mujib. Mujib was prepared to change his six-point demand if necessary. The news of America’s Seventh Fleet and China’s involvement in the war were rumours. Yahya claims that in the end he wanted to leave East Pakistan’s power in the hands of Awami League.
Abu Rushd, editor of the Secret Affidavit of Yahya Khan, is a journalist. He is the Editor of Bangladesh Defence Journal. His interest lies in investigative journalism, particularly in the fields of security and defence. He has dealt in this sector while working for various dailies in the past. It is his interest in this field that led him to publish this particular book and also to publish the Secret Affidavit of Yahya Khan in Bangladesh Defence Journal and in Amar Desh, a daily newspaper from Dhaka.
This 112-page book devotes 48 pages to the original text and 24 pages to some rare photographs. It also contains a life sketch of Yahya Khan as well as Rushd’s comments on the affidavit.
The book has been dedicated to Bir Shrestha Ruhul Amin who gave his life for the country in 1971.
The book is undoubtedly of interest to those interested in the history of the Liberation War. Abu Rushd says, “Gen. Yahya is nothing but a villain in our history but his accounts on 1971 surely are valuable and matters of reference in pursuing historical evidences. I hope this affidavit will make us know Yahya’s part of the quagmire imposed upon us forcibly and unjustly by the Pak military junta.”

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Pakistan Think Tank Apologises for a Major Omission to our Readers, who have pointed out that we have left out the Joker in Chief of Zardari Mafia from the list of Public Hanging. We stand corrected. Here is the correction:

Schedule for Instant Public Hangings


a National Idiot, “Bhand,”and a Munshi English Speaker


Public Accountability, Due Process, and Exemplary Punishment

a la Z.A.Bhutto responsible for the current cataclysmic situation prevailing in Pakistan


A schedule for ending Pakistan’s nightmare

1. Gilani in 2012 (earlier the better, earlier precedence available a la Z.A.Bhutto) 

Kayani in 2012 (fall would work) 

3. Nawaz in 2013 (early in spring would be good)

3. Zardari in 2013 (300 lashes first for him to feel the misery of 180 million people, late summer would be ok) 

Altaf in 2013 (may take time to bring him back, commando action to whisk him to Pakistan) 

5. All cabinet members (past and present) within a year 

6. All MNA’s first and then MPA’s (spread over the next two years) 

7.Schedule permitting, all corrupt bureaucrats wihin three years. 
List can be modified as needed.



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The Battle of Badr غزوة بدر‎


Great Battle of Badr

This is the day Allah calls in the Qura’an *يوم الفرقان يوم التقى الجمعان*

‘The day of criterian, the day the two groups [good and evil] met’



The battle of Badr between Muslims, led by the Prophet and Quraish of Makkah led by Amr bin Hisham bin Al-Mugheirah Al-Makhzoumi, known as Abu Jahl, near the wells of Badr in the Southern parts of Madinah took place on March 13, 624AD corresponding to 17th Ramadan 2H and ended up with a big victory for Muslims and the death of Quraish Leader, Abu Jahl Amr bin Hisham bin Al-Mogheirah Al-Makhzoumi.

Muslim’s should have a deep knowledge of this story because it explains Imaan in its true and greatest form. Its lessons are so vast and numerous that they can be applied in every situation a believer finds himself or herself in.

Note: Students should be taught that the point of these wars was not war in itself. The Muslims were aggressed against in this battle yet they maintained complete justice. Allah says in the Qur’aan: 

اعدلوا هو أقرب للتقوى*
Be just. That is the closest to piety‘.

Map and Battle Array Courtesy: http://tasheeltadrees.blogspot.com/2010/11/battle-of-badr.html: Please do visit this site.
Reasons for battle

Muslim went out to block the way of Quraish caravan led Abu Sufyan. The caravan was coming from Sham Region, Muslims tried to intercept the Caravan, was to restore their wealth taken from the Muhajiroun by Quraish when they were at home in Makkah, before and during their migration to Madinah, as most of the migrants had left their money in Makkah.







Description of Caravan

Almost every person in Makkah had contributed some money in that Caravan which was led by Abu Sufyan went to S ham Region and was then returning to Makkah. It was said that the value of trade items in it was about fifty thousand Dinars, and one thousand camels, and most of its load belonged to the family of Sa’id bin Al-Aas, who had four thousand weights of gold, and Bani Makhzoum who had about two hundred camels, while, Al-Harith bin Amer got one thousand weights, and Omayah bin Khalaf two thousand weights, and Bani Abd Manaf (the sons of Abd Manaf) ten thousand weights “1”.


Reference for Battlefield Array

Advent of the Caravan

The news reached Muslims that a Caravan of led by Abu Sufyan bin Harb has come from the Levant, carrying a large quantity of trade for Quraish, and the number of men guarding it was estimated to be ranging between thirty to forty men from Quraish, including Makhramah ibn Nawfal, and Amr ibn Al-Aas When the information came to the knowledge of the Prophet, he commissioned Muslims to them and said: This is the Caravan of Quraish, holding their wealth, so go out to get them, may God make it for you.

People got ready, some had weapons and others did not because they did not think that there would be war, so those only got a means of transportation.

When Abu Sufyan got near to Al-Hijaz, he began to grope for the news from the travelers and caravans, out of fear for the wealth of Quraish from the Muslims. He got information from some travelers that Mohammad has mobilized Muslims for the Caravan and put them on alert. He, was cautious, and hired Damdam bin Amr Al-Ghafari and sent him in a mission to Makkah to call upon Quraish to come out and defend their monies, and to tell them that Mohammad may attack the Caravan, and Damadm quickly marched to Makkah.  
When he arrived in Makkah Damdam went speedily to Makkah.


The sooner had Damdam arrived to Makkah than he cut off his camel, and changed his saddle and baggage and ripped apart his shirt, and stood over his camel at the belly of the Valley screaming: “O Quraish, Help . . . Help, your wealth with Abu Sufian has been intercepted by Mohammad and his companions, and I do not think that you can overtake them, Help . . Help.


Quraish gets ready to go

Site of Battle of Badr

Quraish began to get their arms and men for the fight, and said: Do Mohammad and his companions think that our Caravan is the same like the Caravan of Al-Hadrami? Certainly not. They agreed that all the men and Masters of Quraish would proceed to Mohammad, and he who cannot go, would send another man in his place, but no one of its Ashraf (Noblemen) stayed away except Abu Lahab, as he sent Al-Assi bin Hisham Ibn Al-Mogheirah in his place, due to the fact that Al-Assi owed him four thousand dirham, and therefore Abu Lahab charged him with this mission.


Omayah bi Khalf tried to retreat and withdraw, as he was a fat old man, but Oqbah bin Abi Meit came to him while he was among his people, saying to him: “O Abu Ali, Istajmir i.e use this perfume as you are only a women. Omayah replied: “Shame on you, and shame on what you have brought”, and then prepared his weapon and horse and came out with the people.

Before Quraish moved out some feared that because of the state of war between Quraish and Bani Bakr ibn Abd Manat bin Kinanah, as they believed that Banu Bakr may exploit the situation and attack their homes while they are busy in the campaign against Muslims. Suraqah bin Malik bin Jashm Al-Madlaji, who is one of the nobility (Ashraf) of banu Kinanah, said:  I will protect you if Kenanah came behind you and did something which you do not like”.

Many Muslims believe that the person who defended Quraish of Bani Bakr was not Suraqah, but rather the devil, Satan, itself, and they believe that he came in the form and the shape of Suraqah and said what he said to Quraish.

Status of Muslims as they left Al-Madinah

Historical information says that Muslims left A-Madinah on Monday the 8th of Ramadan. The Prophet asked Amr ibn Umm Maktoum to lead the remaining people in Medina in prayer, but some sources say that the name of the person was not Abdullah bin Umm Maktoum, but Abu Lebabah.

The banner was given to Musab bin Umair, while other sources say that there were two black banners in front of Mohammad, one with Ali bin Abi Talib called Al-Uqab and the other was with Sa’ad bin Mu’az.

Muslims used only seventy camels, so each 3 were taking turns in the ride on each camel.

MuslimsWay to Badr

Muslims took off from Madinah in the direction of Makkah, then to Al-Aqiq, and then to Zul Halifah then passed by Ulat Al-Jaish. They then passed by Terpan,  then passed on to Malal, then Ghamis Al-Hamam, from Mrien, then on Sukhayrat Al-Yamam then proceeded to Al-Sayalah, then to Dbayeh.

Then Muslims continued their way and passed by Sagsag, which was a well of Al-Rawha’a, then arrived at Al-Munsaref where they left Makkah road to the left and turned right through the Nazeyah on their way to Badr, until they reached the valley of Ruhakan, which is a valley between the Nazeyah and the Strait of Al-Safra’a and then arrived at the village of Al-Safra’a

At this point, Mohammad “peace be upon him” sent Sibs bin Al-Juhani and Uday ibn Abi Zaghba’a Al-Juhani on an exploratory mission to provide him with the news about the caravan of Abu Sufyan. Upon the arrival of the Muslims to the village of Al-Safra’a which is situated between two mountains, Mohammad asked about the name of the mountains and was told that one of them was called Musallaha and the second was called Mukhri. The people are Banu Al-Nar and Banu Harraq, who are from Bani Ghaffar, and he hated to pass among them and therefore left them and turned right on his way to Wadi Zafran.


Arrival of  news that Quraish has come out to Muslims and their Caution

The news received say that the infidels Army came out to confront Muslims. To fight the infidels in a war was not an option that Muslims had thought of, but rather the target was for the financial benefits from the Caravan. Also the Ansar in Aqaba pledge of allegiance stipulated that they would protect the Prophet Mohammad in Al-Madinah only, and repudiated such protection until he enters to them in Al-Madinah, as they told him then:

O Messenger of Allaah, you are not under our protection until you arrive at our City, and once you reach us, you will become in our custody, and we will protect you from anything of which we protect our children and our women.

So, Prophet Mohammad consulted with his Companions, and both Abu Bakr and Omar ibn al-Khattab talked, then Al-Miqdad ibn al-Aswad said: 
O Messenger of God. Go for what God Has shown you. We are with you And I swear by God that we shall not say to as Bani Israel had said to Moses: “Go thou and thy Lord and fight ye two, while we sit here and watch”. Rather we would say: “Go thou and thy Lord and fight ye two and we will fight with you.    Surely, we swear by God Who sent you with the rightness, if you walked with us to the pools of Al-ghamad (a place in Yemen), we would follow you until you reach it.

The Prophet then directed his speech to the Ansar, saying: Give me your advice. . you people, and Sa’ad bin Muaz said to him:

It seems that you meant us, O Messenger of God?

The Prophet Muhammad said: Yes.

Sa’ad said: We have believed in you and accepted your words as true, and testified that your call is the rightness, and gave you our pledges and covenants. We swear by God who sent you with the rightness that if you entered that sea with us, and plunged into it, we would plunge with you, and no one will stay away, and we do not hate to meet our enemy tomorrow, and we are patient in the war, true in meeting the enemy, maybe God will show you what would please you. So go ahead and lead us, with God’s blessing.

Prophet Mohammad said: Go ahead and be cheerful. God has promised me either a martyr or victory I swear by God that I almost now their deaths.


After that, Muslims continued their way from Zafran, and passed by an area called Al-Asafer, then went to a town called Al-Dubbah,   and then made a great dune like the great mountain called Al-Hanan on the right hand, and encamped close to Badr.


Prophet Mohammad advanced with Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq, until they reached Sufian Al-Damari, one of the Arab sheikhs in the region, and Prophet Mohammad asked about Quraish, and about Mohammad and his Companions and what information reached him about them. Al-Damari said: I will not tell you unless you tell me who are both of you? The Prophet said to him: If you tell us, we will tell you.


Al-Damari said: Is this for that? And Mohammed answered: “Yes.  Al-Damari said: I learned that Mohammad and his Companions went out on day so and so, and if such information is true, they must be today at the place so and so (and it was indeed the same place where the Muslims actually arrived) and I have heard that Quraish went out on the day so and so, and if such information is true, they must be today at the place so and so. When he finished giving the information, he said: From where are both of you? They said: We are from “Ma’a” means Water in Arabic, and then set off.

When he returned to his camp, Ali ibn Abi Talib, Zubair bin Auwwam, and Sa’ad bin Abi Waqas, went out towards the water of Badr, and captured young men from Quraish who were to bring water, including Aslam, the boy of Abul Hajaj and Areed Abu Yasar, the boy of Bani Al-A’as bin Sa’id, and brought them to the Muslims’ camp and the Prophet Mohammad was praying by then, so they interrogated them, and they said: We are water providers of Quraish, and they have sent us to bring them water, but they did not believe them and beat them, and the two young men were forced to lie and said that they belong to Abu Sufyan, hoping that Muslims would be tempted  to get a ransom. When Prophet Mohammad finished his prayer, he said to Ali and his Companions: “When they tell the truth, you beat them, and when they lie, you leave them? They have said the truth; they belong to Quraish, so tell me about Quraish? They said: Quraish are behind that dune which you see and Dune Alaknqal. Prophet Mohammad said to them: What is the number of the people? They said: they are many, he asked: “What is their equipment? They said: We do not know. He said: How many animals they slaughter every day? They said: sometimes nine, and sometimes ten.  He said: the number of the people ranges between nine hundred and one thousand… Then he said to them: Who are the Ashraf of Quraish among them?  They said: Otbah bin Rabi’a, Shaibah bin Rabi’a, Abul Bakhtari bin Hisham, Hakim bin Hezam, Nawfal ibn Khuwaylid, Al-Harith bin Amer bin Nawfal, Tuaimah bin Uday ibn Nawfal, Al-Nadar ibn Al-Harith, Zama’a ibn Al-Aswad, Abu Jahl ibn Hisham, Omayah bin Khalaf, Nabih and Munabeh, the sons of Al-Hajjaj, Suhail bin Amr, and Amr ibn Abd Wed. Prophet Muhammad went out to the Muslims and told them: That is Mekkah has thrown to you her most honorable sons.

Flight of Abu Sufyan with the Caravan and Asks Quraish to return

Muslims were able to monitor the escape of the caravan, and Abu Sufyan sent to Quraish to tell them that the Caravan had survived, and there is no need for them to fight the people of Yathrib. But Abu Jahl refused and had wanted to challenge, and said his famous words: “We will not go back until we arrive at Badr where we would stay for three days to slaughter animals, eat food, and drink wine, and the female singers would play music for us.  The Arabs of the Desert will fear us for good. However, “Bani Zahrah” did not respond to this call, went back and did not fight.




The Battle

The polytheists arrived to Badr and encamped at the valley, while Muslims went down at the lower part of the valley, and Muslims built a bower for the Prophet on a hillock, and he continued to pray fervently, saying: “O God. Quraish had come with her conceit and arrogance to accuse your messenger of lying. . O God, grant us the victory which You Have promised me?  . If this gang were destroyed today You will not be worshipped on the Earth,” and his cloak fell off his shoulders, so Abu Bakr told him: “O Messenger of God be sure that God will fulfill His promise to you.”

Muslims have filled up the wells of Badr with stones and sand after they took their water, so that the polytheists would not be able to get water. Before the battle began, three noble men of Quraish, namely: Otbah bin Rabi’a, and his brother Sheibah, and his son Waleed ask the Muslims to fight a duel with them. Three of the Ansar but they said, saying: “O Muhammad, bring forward our equivalent counterparts our cousins”, so the Prophet “peace be upon him” called on Ubaidah ibn al-Harith and Hamza Bin Abdul Muttalib, and Ali bin Abi Talib Hamza encountered Sheibah in the combat and killed him, and Ali encountered Al-Walid and killed him, then Obaidah combated with Utbah, and they wounded each other, so both Hamzah and Ali attacked Otbah and killed him, and the war became intense and raging. God supplied the Muslims with angels to fight with them, and the Qur’an said: “Yea, — if ye remain firm , and act aright, even if the enemy should rush here on you in hot haste, your Lord would help you with five thousand angels making a terrific onslaught” . Thus, the battle ended in victory for Muslims and they defeat of the infidels, and seventy of the infidels were killed while seventy others were taken as prisoners. . The Martyrs among the Muslims were fourteen, and Muslims have thrown the dead bodies of the infields into one big hole. As for the prisoners, the Messenger took 4000 Dirham for each prisoner of war in compliance with the advice of Abu Bakr. However, the prisoner who did not have the redemption was given ten of the Muslim boys to teach them reading and writing.

The Return to Medina

And then the prophet left victoriously and triumphantly, along with the prisoners and loots. When he arrived at Al-Safra’a, he divided the loots and beheaded Al-Nadar ibn Al-Harith bin Caldah, and when he arrived at Irq-Dbayeh, he beheaded Oqbah ibn Abi Meit. The Prophet then entered Madinah successful and victorious, causing fear to every enemy in Madinah and its surroundings, and many people embraced Islam, and it was then that Abdullah bin Ubai Al-Munafiq and his companions have entered in Islam with pretense.

Redemption of Prisoners:

The Prophet gave freedom to the prisoners and released them on condition that anyone who knows writing, reading would teach 10 of the illiterate Muslims.

Martyrs of Battle of Badr

·        A Amir Ibn Abi Waqas

·        Zul Shamalein bin Abd Amr

·        Safwan bin Wahab

  • Mahja’a Bin Saleh.

·        Aqil bin Al-Bakeer

·        Ubaidah ibn Al-Harith

·        S.a’ad bin Kaithamah

·        Mubashir   bin Abdul Monzir

·        Haritha bin Suraqa

  • R.afie ben A-Muallae

·        Umair bin Al-Hamam

·        Yazid ibn Al-Harith

·        Mu’awwaz ibn Al-Harith

·          Auf bin Al-Harith

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