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Archive for category Indian Army Atrocities in Kashmir:Extrajudicial Killings & Rapes

Burhan Wani’s (Shaheed) Blood Gave New Impetus to the Kashmir Movement  By Sajjad Shaukat

Burhan Wani’s (Shaheed) Blood Gave New Impetus to the Kashmir Movement 

By

Sajjad Shaukat

 

The first death anniversary of Burhan Wani, Commander of Hizb ul Mujahideen is approaching on July 8, 2017. Since he was an iconic figure of the freedom movement, it is expected that his anniversary would be observed on a large scale in the Indian-occupied Jammu & Kashmir. Widespread protests are expected to be held. The Indian occupation forces, as usual, are likely to use brute force including live ammunition and pellet guns against the protestors which may result in casualties.

 

Last year, after the killing of Burhan Wani, widespread and spontaneous protests erupted throughout the Indian Occupied Kashmir. In order to control the mass movement, the Indian occupation forces unleashed a reign of terror against the civilians. As a result, more than 200 people embraced martyrdom and around 20,000 got injured. Many became permanently blind due to pellet guns shots. Curfew remained imposed for more than four months. Around 12,000 people were arrested or detained.

 

The bloodshed is still on and God knows how many more Kashmiris will lose their lives at the hands of Indian forces.

 

Wani, in his early 20s, had become the face of the struggle in Kashmir and over the last five years was using social media like Facebook to reach out to young Kashmiri men to continue their movement for the independence of Kashmir. He became the voice of the Kashmiri youth and his popularity irritated New Delhi.

 

Undoubtedly, Burhan Wani was a great voice for freedom of the Indian-occupied Kashmir. Hence, the planned killing of Burhan Wani triggered protest throughout the valley.

 

The terrible and heinous massacre of Muslim populace of the Indian Controlled Kashmir is continuing since seven decades without any break. Unfortunately, the callous insensitivity of international community is encouraging India to cross all limits of gross human rights violations. It is not that international community is unaware of atrocities, being unleashed on people of Indian Held Kashmir—it is rather the vested interest of Western governments to remain mute just to please India.

 

Instead of accepting the existing reality, New Delhi resorts to implicating Pakistan for Kashmiri uprising. Indian allegations against Pakistan are a ploy to hoodwink the international community on Kashmir issue and a blanket to hide state-sponsored atrocities on innocent people of Kashmir.

 

The International community must realise the plight of the Indian Occupied Kashmir and their people. Kashmir has been under unlawful Indian occupation since October 1947. The people of Jammu and Kashmir have been granted the right of self-determination under the UN Charter, and under several UN Security Council resolutions, more specifically under UN (UNCIP) resolution of August 13, 1948, and January 5, 1949. These along with subsequent UN resolutions have affirmed that the question of accession of the State of Jammu and Kashmir to India or Pakistan will be decided through the political democratic method of a free and impartial plebiscite. Unfortunately, the stalwart supporters of human equality and advocates of preservation of human rights have done little to resolve decades-long Kashmir dispute. It is sad to admit that death of few animals aired by international media can bring tears in the eyes of people, but no heart moves on the genocide of innocent Kashmiris. These double standards are a drag to international efforts on global peace.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In this regard, Leonardo Boff has rightly said, “The eternal destiny of human beings will be measured by how much or how little solidarity we have displayed with the hungry, the thirsty, the naked and the oppressed. In the end, we will be judged in terms of love.”

 

However, a peaceful, negotiated settlement of Kashmir dispute in accordance with UN resolutions should rank top on UN’s agenda. In order to find a swift and legal solution of Kashmir issue, the international community must stand with people of the Indian-held Kashmir. New Delhi should also realise that no freedom movement has ever been suppressed with force and Kashmir is no exception.

 

Balochistan has shown solidarity with Kashmiris on July 14, 2017. Huge rallies in all parts of Balochistan occurred to demonstrate unity with Kashmiris against crimes committed by India in the Indian Occupied Kashmir. Youth including universities, colleges and schools mobilised with civil society. Local leaders addressed the rallies to give a clear message of support to the Kashmiris.

 

 

 

Nevertheless, various forms of state terrorism have been part of a deliberate campaign by the Indian army and paramilitary forces against Muslim Kashmiris, especially since 1989. It has been manifested in brutal tactics like crackdowns, curfews, illegal detentions, massacre, targeted killings, sieges, burning the houses, torture, disappearances, rape, breaking the legs, molestation of Muslim women and killing of persons through a fake encounter.

 

In fact, Indian forces have employed various draconian and controversial laws like Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) and the Public Safety Act (PSA) etc. in killing the Kashmiri people, and arbitrarily arrest of any individual for an indefinite period.

 

Besides Human Rights Watch, in its various reports, Amnesty International has also pointed out grave human rights violations in the Indian-controlled Kashmir, indicating, “The Muslim majority population in the Kashmir Valley suffers from the repressive tactics of the security forces. Under the Jammu and Kashmir Disturbed Areas Act, and the Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act and Public Safety Act, security forces personnel have extraordinary powers to shoot suspected persons.”

 

It is mentionable that under the cover of draconian laws, most of the times, the majority of the popular pro-movement leadership is detained or house-arrested by the Indian security forces, and mostly, without prior orders from the higher authorities. As per a Kashmiri human rights group, Voice of Victim (VOV), a total of 1 471 torture centres are operating in the Indian Controlled Kashmir were arrested Kashmiri leaders and the youth are subjected to severe torture.

 

Nonetheless, Burhan Wani’s blood has given a new impetus to the Kashmir movement which continues unabated against the occupying forces of India.

 

Email: sajjad_logic@yahoo.com

 

 

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A Rally on Kashmir Solidarity Day – A Rally on Kashmir Solidarity Day – Kashmir is the beating heart of Pakistan

 

A Rally on

Kashmir Solidarity Day 

Organized by

MUSLIM Institute

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MUSLIM Institute organized a rally from China Chowk to National Press Club Islamabad on Kashmir Solidarity Day, February 05, 2017. Chairman MUSLIM Institute, Sahibzada Sultan Ahmad Ali, MNA & Chairman Standing Committee on Kashmir & Gilgit Baltistan, Malik Ibrar Ahmad, Leaders of All Parties Hurriyat Conference Ms. Shameem Shal, Mr. Ghulam Nabi Butt and others led the rally and shared their views. A large number of people from different walks of life including civil society, politicians, students, lawyers and journalists actively participated in the rally. Participants of rally chanted slogans while carrying placards and banners inscribed with the demands for the immediate end of brutalities of Indian forces in IOK, right of self-determination for Kashmiris as well as profound tributes to their struggle for independence. They also displayed solidarity with Kashmiris and condemned state terrorism by Indian forces in the occupied territory while demanding serious efforts by the international community for the settlement of the Kashmir issue.
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Speakers expressed their views that in past 69 years particularly in last eight months India is involved in state terrorism in Indian occupied Kashmir (IOK), and used barbaric force to suppress Kashmiris and by the use of pallet guns blinded young people and innocent children and artificial food scarcity is created in the state. By imposing black laws and employing violent force Indian occupying forces are brutalizing Kashmiri people despite the fact that Kashmiri people have not surrendered in front of brutal force and with each passing day Kashmir movement is getting more zeal and zest. The steadfastness of Kashmiris has proved that they are not going to accept any option other than freedom. Even in the cross firing Kashmiris raise the slogan that we will take freedom, freedom is our right, we will snatch freedom and Kashmir will become part of Pakistan.

Due to state terrorism, India has gained no support on an international level and no one supports India’s stance on this issue. Through its propaganda machine, India wanted to show the world that Kashmir struggle is terrorist and separatist movement but badly failed. Contrary to this the just and peaceful Kashmiri struggle is getting support in United Nations and Europe. International media is denied any access in IOK despite the fact atrocities committed against Kashmiri people are being condemned at international level. The prevalent situation of blatant violations of Human rights in IOK also urges for an unbiased investigation. Kashmir freedom movement has proved to the International world that Kashmiri people are brave, high-minded and freedom fighter and who didn’t compromise their determination of freedom for any greed or compensation. This is the reason why hearts of Pakistani people beats with Kashmiri people and Pakistanis are standing alongside Kashmiris till the Day of Judgment. As the Pakistani flag is waived on the funerals of Kashmiri likewise Pakistanis support Kashmiri people and will leave no stone unturned for their right and will offer any kind of sacrifice. Souls of Pakistanis shiver when Kashmiris raise the slogans ‘Kashmir will become Pakistan’.

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An analysis of Kashmir issue from historical viewpoint manifests that India promised Kashmiris the right of self-determination under the umbrella of United Nations’ Security Council. Recorded assertions of former Indian Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru in UN further strengthen this precept. Later on, Indian leadership averted back from its promises and started declaring Kashmir as its integral part. UN resolutions clearly endorse the plebiscite in the presence of a neutral observer and Kashmiris will be free in choosing their accession with Pakistan or India. Indian dogmatism has been the sole impediment regarding UN’s failure in implementing resolutions addressing Kashmir dispute. Quaid-e-Azam declared Kashmir jugular vein of Pakistan just because of cultural and ideological association between Kashmiris and Pakistanis even Pakistan’s land is dependent upon rivers flowing from the valley of Kashmir. India is tightening its perpetual hold over the valley day to day. It does not care about the brutality of machinations committed against Kashmiris in order to prolong its hold. India is further machinating to subdue the special constitutional status of Kashmir which is absolutely illegal and immoral. Furthermore, the international community has also condemned it.
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Speakers stressed upon the Pakistani government to further escalate efforts in order to re-energize Kashmir issue at international level. They further emphasized the need of encouraging diplomats designated in foreign embassies to highlight political, diplomatic and historical perspectives regarding Kashmir issue in front of the international community in general and international leaders in particular. The government of Pakistan should make it clear to the international community that regional peace is directly proportional to the settlement of Kashmir issue. India and Pakistan hold nuclear arms and there exists potential threat of becoming Kashmir dispute, a nuclear flash point. The issue should immediately be resolved in accordance with UN’s resolutions. Re-structuring of Kashmir committee is of prime importance, it will help in highlighting the issue at parliamentary level. In the wake of the world becoming a global village, it is our social as well as moral responsibility to mobilize all possible means to highlight the issue, particularly on social media.
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With the end of rally, Chairman Muslim Institute, Sahibzada Sultan Ahmad Ali visited United Nations Office in Islamabad and presented memorandum of Kashmir issue to resident coordinator UN, Mr. Neil Buhne, addressing to the Secretary-General of United Nations, António Guterres to take notice of the recent cruel actions of India in IOK, which also stated that wails and woes of Kashmiri people, struggling for their right of self-determination remind UNO to play its role to resolve the issue according to UNSC resolutions by providing the basic human right (right of self-determination) to the people of Jammu & Kashmir.
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The Liberal Free Thinkers of the Canada (Like PM Justin Trudeau), United States(Senator Feinstein, Senator Schumer), United Kingdom, Japan, and European Union Please Raise Your Voices

For the Oppressed People of Indian Occupied Kashmir

See the brutality of Indian Army Perpetrated on Un-Armed Kashmiris Yearning to Join Pakistan

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“Cricket was his life.We buried him with two cricket balls.” Farooq Ahmad (Father) Kashmir Burning

  1. Cricket was his life.We buried him with two cricket balls.” Farooq Ahmad (Father)

 

 


  1. “We had some ice-cream and took selfies a day before his death” (Mohammad Ashraf, friend)

     

     

     

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1.  

  1. At the conference today.

    Whatever our political differences all parties unite on Kashmir, respect their black day.

  2. VIDEO: Sound of heavy shelling tonight in Indian controlled

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  3. My take on Kashmir– A fight for freedom & the criminal silence of world community.

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    Presented letter about human rights abuses in Indian Occupied

  5. Kashmir is the heaviest militarized zone in the world.

  6. Why so little international coverage on Occupied

    ? No one wants to harm interests of India and agenda of capitalism.

  7. The enemy of Quaid is a man who betrays the Kashmir cause

  8. A big salute to Kashmiri women, who are struggling for freedom of

  9. Private media is only working for rating. It is sad and heart breaking that we are not following truths:

  10. We’ll remind the world at every forum the injustices prevalant in Jannat nazeer valley of Kashmir :

  11. Look at the passion of young kids for freedom of Kashmir

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Reminder of Kashmir Black Day by Sajjad Shaukat

Reminder of Kashmir Black Day

by

Sajjad Shaukat

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Although 27th of October is celebrated every year as the “Black Day” by the Pakistanis and the Kashmiris all over the world as a protest against Indian illegal occupation of Kashmir on October 27, 1947, yet this time, this very day has come at time when the people of Kashmir have accelerated their legitimate struggle in the aftermath of the martyrdom of the young Kashmir leader Burhan Wani by the Indian security forces in the Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK) in wake of continued sieges and prolonged curfew. Since July 8, 2016, Indian forces have martyred more than 100 innocent persons who have been protesting against the martyrdom of Burhan Wani.

By manipulating the false flag terror attacks at a military base in Uri and Baramulla, the BJP-led Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has intensified war-hysteria against Pakistan. After deployment of heavy arms and weapons at the Line of Control (LoC), Indian forces have increased troops and continue shelling in Pakistani side of Azad Kashmir. New Delhi’s main aim is to deflect the attention of the international community from the new phase of Kashmiri Intifada, while in this regard; pressure has been mounting on the Modi government both domestically and internationally.

However, during the partition of the Sub-continent, the people of the state of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) which comprised Muslim majority decided to join Pakistan according to the British-led formula. But, Dogra Raja, Sir Hari Singh, a Hindu who was ruling over the J&K, in connivance with the Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Governor General Lord Mountbatten joined India.

The design to forcibly wrest Kashmir began to unfold on August 16, 1947, with the announcement of the Radcliffe Boundary Award. It gave the Gurdaspur District—a majority Muslim area to India to provide a land route to the Indian armed forces to move into Kashmir. There was a rebellion in the state forces, which revolted against the Maharaja and were joined by Pathan tribesmen. Lord Mountbatten ordered armed forces to land in Srinagar.

When Pakistan responded militarily against the Indian aggression, on December 31, 1947, India made an appeal to the UN Security Council to intervene and a ceasefire ultimately came into effect on January 01, 1949, following UN resolutions calling for a plebiscite in Kashmir to enable the people of Jammu and Kashmir to determine whether they wish to join Pakistan or India. On February 5, 1964, India backed out of its promise of holding plebiscite. Instead, in March 1965, the Indian Parliament passed a bill, declaring Kashmir a province of India-an integral part of the Indian union.

The very tragedy of Kashmiris had started after 1947 when they were denied their genuine right of self-determination. They organized themselves against the injustices of India and launched a war of liberation which New Delhi tried to crush through various forms of brutalities.

It is notable that since 1947, in order to maintain its illegal control, India has continued its repressive regime in the Occupied Kashmir through various machinations.

Nevertheless, various forms of state terrorism have been part of a deliberate campaign by the Indian army and paramilitary forces against Muslim Kashmiris, especially since 1989. It has been manifested in brutal tactics like crackdowns, curfews, illegal detentions, massacre, targeted killings, sieges, burning the houses, torture, disappearances, rape, breaking the legs, molestation of Muslim women and killing of persons through fake encounter.

According to a report on human rights violations in the Indian Occupied Kashmir, since 1989, there have been deaths of 1,00000 innocent Kashmiris, 7,023 custodial killings, 1,22,771 arrests, 1,05,996 destruction of houses or buildings, 22,776 women widowed, 1,07,466 children orphaned and 10,086 women gang-raped/molested. Indian brutal securities forces have continue these atrocities.

In fact, Indian forces have employed various draconian laws like the Jammu and Kashmir Disturbed Areas Act, and the Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act and Public Safety Act in killing the Kashmiri people, and for the arbitrarily arrest of any individual for an indefinite period.

Besides Human Rights Watch, in its various reports, Amnesty International has also pointed out grave human rights violations in the Indian controlled Kashmir, indicating, “The Muslim majority population in the Kashmir Valley suffers from the repressive tactics of the security forces.

In its report on July 2, 2015, the Amnesty International has highlighted extrajudicial killings of the innocent persons at the hands of Indian security forces in the Indian Held Kashmir. The report points out, “Tens of thousands of security forces are deployed in Indian-administered Kashmir…the Armed Forces Special Powers Act allows troops to shoot to kill suspected militants or arrest them without a warrant…not a single member of the armed forces has been tried in a civilian court for violating human rights in Kashmir…this lack of accountability has in turn facilitated other serious abuses…India has martyred one 100,000 people. More than 8,000 disappeared (while) in the custody of army and state police.”

In this respect, European Union has passed a resolution about human rights abuses committed by Indian forces in the Indian held Kashmir.

It is of particular attention that in 2008, a rights group reported unmarked graves in 55 villages across the northern regions of the Indian-held Kashmir. Then researchers and other groups reported finding thousands of mass graves without markers. In this respect, in August, 2011, Indian Jammu and Kashmir State Human Rights Commission officially acknowledged in its report that innocent civilians killed in the two-decade conflict have been buried in unmarked graves.

Notably, foreign sources and human rights organisations have revealed that unnamed graves include those innocent persons, killed by the Indian military and paramilitary troops in the fake encounters including those who were tortured to death by the Indian secret agency RAW.

Indian authorities are not willing to talk with Kashmiri people on political grounds. New Delhi reached to a conclusion that only bullet is the right way of dealing with Kashmiris, demanding their right of self-determination. Surprisingly, Indian successive governments are trying to ignore the dynamics of the freedom movement of Kashmiris for the sake of their alien rule.

But, New Delhi is still showing its intransigence in order to resolve Kashmir dispute with Pakistan by neglecting the fact that Kashmir remains a nuclear flashpoint between both the neighbouring countries.

In this context, Egbert Jahn in his book, “Kashmir: Flashpoint for a Nuclear War or Even a Third World War?” has pointed out, “The Kashmir conflict is embedded in the wider conflict over the incomplete creation of nations and states on the Indian subcontinent, which during the east-west conflict even threatened at times to escalate into a nuclear world war between Pakistan and the USA on the one side and India and the USSR on the other. Until now, there have been three wars between India and Pakistan over the Jammu and Kashmir: in 1947–49, 1965 and 1999… finally, the Indo-Chinese border war of 1962…after these wars…and could unexpectedly again lead to a regional and under certain circumstances…even a major nuclear war or a Third World War.”

Meanwhile, like the previous year, Pakistan’s recent serious and sincere effort at the annual session of the United Nations—the recent speech of Pakistan’s prime minister, highlighting Indian atrocities, the Kashmir dispute and demanding its solution has infused a new spirit among the Kashmiri people.

Nonetheless, Kashmiris, living both sides of the LoC observe “Black Day” on October 27 to protest against the Indian illegal occupation of Jammu and Kashmir. On this very day, Pakistanis and Kashmiris across the globe express solidarity with the freedom fighters of Kashmir, demanding their legitimate right of self-determination from India which continues various forms of state terrorism in order to suppress their popular movement.

Sajjad Shaukat writes on international affairs and is author of the book: US vs Islamic Militants, Invisible Balance of Power: Dangerous Shift in International Relations

Email: sajjad_logic@yahoo.com

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Ex-RAW Chief’s Pragmatic Approach on Kashmir By Sajjad Shaukat

imgresEx-RAW Chief’s Pragmatic Approach on Kashmir

By

Sajjad Shaukat

 

In wake of continued siege and prolonged curfew, Indian security forces have martyred more than 100 innocent persons who have been protesting since July 8, 2016 against the martyrdom of the young Kashmir leader Burhan Wani by the Indian security forces in the Indian-occupied Kashmir.

 

Without caring for severe criticism all over the world, during his address on the Independence Day of India on August 15, 2016, Indian extremist Prime Minister Narendra Modi who is also leader of the ruling fundamentalist party BJP went aggressively further in a diatribe against Pakistan by claiming that people of Gilgit-Baltistan, Azad Jammu and Kashmir are thankful to home for raising voice for their suppressed rights.

 

On the other side, against his false anti-Pakistan statement, huge rallies and demonstrations were held in Balochistan, Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan, including some other cities of Pakistan. Opposing Indian intervention in Balochistan and other parts of Pakistan, the speakers on this occasion strongly condemned Prime Minister Modi’s aggressive designs against Pakistan and Kashmiris. They urged international community, civilized world and human rights organizations to take serious notice of the Indian state terrorism—genocide of Kashmiris in the Indian-held Kashmir and interference in Pakistan’s province of Balochistan.

 

In this context, Pakistan Prime Minister’s Adviser on Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz said that the situation in Balochistan cannot be equated with Kashmir and Indian Prime Minister was only trying to divert world attention from the “grim tragedy” unfolding in Kashmir over the past five weeks.

 

One can clearly not that Indian-controlled Kashmir (IOK) is burning since July 8, 2016. The lava of resentment from the bursting volcano of IOK is now spreading from the urban centers to rural areas. Indian rulers have been trying to brush aside the issue by keeping it under the carpet, accusing that Pakistan is fuelling the flames.

 

At this critical juncture, the interview of A. S. Dulat, former chief of India’s spy agency RAW published in the magazine, ‘The Wire’ of August 27, 2016 sheds some light on finding a settlement of the Kashmir dispute. A.S. Dulat is relevant to the issue and helps in understanding the crisis in Kashmir and seeking possible solutions. Dulat who also was director of the Intelligence Bureau, has served in Kashmir for a long time. His most important tenure was between 2001 and 2004, when he was the advisor on Jammu and Kashmir in Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s office. In 2015, his book Kashmir, The Vajpayee Years, co-authored with senior journalist Aditya Sinha, created uproar since he became one of the few members of the Indian security and intelligence community to advocate a reduced military presence in Kashmir and to argue the need for India to build confidence amongst Kashmiris through humanitarian measures.

 

Dulat, while emphasizing that Pakistan’s role is not the only catalyst for the crisis, talks about the need for the Indian government to start talking to separatist leaders in the Hurriyat Conference, Pakistan, and other important political players. He indicates as to how Vajpayee’s and Narendra Modi’s strategies on Kashmir are poles apart and elaborates on why Kashmiris warmed to Vajpayee. He stresses that India should engage in principled dialogue with people in the Valley, instead of taking a naïve and aggressive line. His condemnation of the Modi government for not talking to Hurriyat and for its high handedness in IOK is spot on. He rightly concludes that the Kashmiri uprising is 100% indigenous and Pakistan was taking advantage of the situation in IOK.

 

However, realistic analysis of A.S. Dulat shows his pragmatic approach regarding the Indian-occupied Kashmir, as he points out that the problem has been there for a while. Under the surface, there has been a lot of anger, hatred and alienation. Never before has it seemed so much in the open. In this context, He said, “Now, you have slogans put up: ‘Indian Dogs Go Back!’ It’s bad and the common Kashmiri is suffering.” He attributes all this, unfortunately, to the BJP-PDP alliance in the Indian-controlled Kashmir. In the 2014 elections, the result was such that this was the only alliance which could work. It was a natural alliance and [PDP leader] Mufti Mohammed Sayeed, therefore, opted for it although he stated that it was an alliance between the North Pole and the South Pole. Everyone hoped that it would bring Jammu and Kashmir together.

 

In fact, it has torn Jammu and Kashmir apart, because the Kashmiris have been very apprehensive that the BJP and the RSS are gradually penetrating into the Valley. They are very sensitive to that because with that comes fears of the repeal of Article 370, that there may be a change in the demographic pattern of Kashmir and so on. So as long as Mufti Sayeed was there, he muddled through. He was an unhappy man because Delhi did not understand what was happening. So he died an unhappy man.

 

As war of liberation in the Indian-held Kashmir has accelerated, Indian Prime Minster Modi has no option, but resuming the dialogue process with Pakistan, starting where Vajpayee and Manmohan Singh left it. Modi’s diversionary tactics, drawing the attention off IOK and talking about Balochistan would not help as the problem lies in Kashmir and New Delhi will have to talk to Islamabad.

 

In this regard, another news item reported in various news papers is the speech given by Bahujan Samaj Party chief Mayawati in Azam Garh, Utter Pradesh. In her speech she has said that BJP may start a war with Pakistan and engineer Hindu-Muslim riots prior to the upcoming polls in utter Pradesh. She has predicted that BJP will use these tactics to divert attention from its failing government policies. Mayawati’s predictions merit attention because BJP is an irrational party, which comprises extremists, who can go to any extent to achieve their gains. Modi, who ignited Gujarat and is responsible for the slaughter of 2000 innocent Muslims in 2002, only because he was seeking re-elections in the province, can well take India to war so that the elections in UP may be won.

 

Nevertheless, Indian rulers must take cognizance of the interview of the ex-chief of RAW A. S. Dulat in order to seek a peaceful solution of the Kashmir dispute, as he has shown a pragmatic approach on Kashmir.

 

 

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