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Archive for September, 2013

Pakistan’s female Rangers: Life on the base

Pakistan’s female Rangers: Life on the base

 

Since the inception of Pakistan, women have been a part of the military service. Whether it has been a part in the healthcare or logistics sector or more recently in combat units and as fighter pilots, women have played a role.

In 2008 the Punjab Rangers announced their intentions to recruit women.  A Rangers official, who did not want to be identified, remarked this move was made by then president, Pervez Musharraf, as part of his “enlightened moderation” agenda. However, since the first batch of female Rangers were inducted; there have been no more recruiting calls. Of the 30 or so female Rangers living on base at the Punjab Rangers headquarters, majority of them are still on the Sepoy ranking. In the last five years, only a handful have been promoted to the Sub-inspector position. The duties these women perform vary from protocol for female VIPs, duty at the Wagah and Ganda Singh Border and administrative work. “One wonders why there has been no recruitment since 2008,” remarked the same officer.

He may be right, the role of these female Rangers is seen by many as mostly symbolic, of the original 60 or so recruited a bit more than half have remained. The latest recruitment for Rangers in Pakistan was by the Sindh Rangers looking for nurses, midwives and ayahs.

Although their training is as aggressive as their male counterparts, the Punjab female Rangers don’t seem to have much more to do. All the women interviewed for this video seemed happy and well taken care of – they didn’t have any complaints.

However, is there more that these women can do, other than check post duty? Incidents in the last five years would suggest that out of the 420,000 strong paramilitary forces, there is a need to have women serving in frontline duty. They are especially needed in rescue operations such as the 2008 earthquake or the 2010 and 2011 floods or even in crisis situations like the Lal Masjid operation and other scenarios where women are involved.

 
 

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ASIF ZARDARI & BILAWAL BHUTTO ENTERPRISES: Benazir Bhutto’s £9million Surrey mansion is secret location for £450-a-couple sex parties with naked tennis and a dungeon

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Benazir Bhutto’s £9million Surrey mansion is secret location for £450-a-couple sex parties with naked tennis and a dungeon
 
  • Rockwood House near Guildford was owned by Bhutto from 1995 – 2004

     

  • Former Pakistani president hosted elegant parties there for world leaders

     

  • Now used for two-day hedonist orgies described as ‘a mini-festival of sin’

  • Arts and Crafts mansion is currently for sale through Sotheby’s for £8.9m
 
By PAUL HARRIS
27 September 2013
 

In its day it was the English country retreat of former Pakistan prime minister Benazir Bhutto and her husband. Today, in the genteel countryside of leafy Surrey, the once-proud mansion has a rather different role – as a secret location for sex parties. The 15-bedroom house – not to mention the woods and grounds – has become a favourite for swingers and couples to meet for erotica evenings, wife-swapping and naked al fresco liaisons.

 

 
Faded grandeur: Benazir Bhutto's former Surrey home is now being used as a venue for weekend orgies

Faded grandeur: Benazir Bhutto’s former Surrey home is now being used as a venue for weekend orgies

 

 

 
Neon lights: Ornate doorways and gilded woodwork are the only traces that remain of Bhutto's time there

Neon lights: Ornate doorways and gilded woodwork are the only traces that remain of Bhutto’s time there

 

 

 
Red hot: Rockwood House is now used for sex parties offering 'a sultry night of hedonsim and filthy tunes'

Red hot: Rockwood House is now used for sex parties offering ‘a sultry night of hedonsim and filthy tunes’

 

Where world leaders and dignitaries might once have sipped tea politely from bone china cups, men and women are invited to embrace on the sofas or cavort publicly on the lawns. Games of naked tennis are played on the courts and there is a ‘dungeon’ in the cellar where guests are more likely to be found in bondage or fetish gear than in business suits or evening dress.

 

 

The new role for Rockwood House was revealed as it is being offered for sale – with a plan to say goodbye to all the hanky-panky and build an ultra-modern, £8.9million home in place of the forlorn-looking mansion. Mrs Bhutto and her husband Asif Ali Zardari bought the house in 1995.  It later embroiled them in controversy amid accusations it was paid for with money from illegal kickbacks Mr Zardari received from government contracts.

 

Past owner: When former Pakistani president Bhutto owned the house it boasted a £120,000 Lalique glass table

Past owner: When former Pakistani president Bhutto owned the house it boasted £120,000 Lalique glass table

 

 

 
Pleasure: The orgy website promises guests they can enjoy hearing 'the sounds of entanglement and ecstasy'

Pleasure: The orgy website promises guests they can enjoy hearing ‘the sounds of entanglement and ecstasy’

 

Mrs Bhutto’s government was dismissed for ‘corruption, misrule and nepotism’. She was assassinated in 2007. The mansion in Witney, near Godalming, was sold for £4million in 2004 and now has barely a trace of the Bhuttos’ residence there, save for some golden doorways and an ornate roof painted to resemble a night sky. The tenant of the house has been renting it out for sex parties, advertised only days in advance and with tickets costing up to £450 each. 

 

The most recent event, in August, was a two-day ‘mini festival of sin’ organised by events company Little Liaisons. It was billed as ‘a full weekend of activities and adventures for pure unadulterated hedonism . . . a walk on the wild side.’ The schedule of options listed naked tennis, sex in the pool, ‘naughty walks’ in the woods, plus open-air sex around a large bonfire, in the hot tubs or in the forest.

 

Little Liaisons, which organised last month's orgy, promised guests 'pure unadulterated hedonism'

Little Liaison, which organised last month’s orgy, promised guests ‘pure unadulterated hedonism’ (posed by model)

 

Yesterday the tenant, who asked not to be named, said: ‘This is not a venue. This is a private home, where I occasionally hold private events for a range of open-minded and wonderful people.  The majority of events that I hold here are musical events, or wonderful charity events. Yes, there have been events of a sexual nature, but I don’t see why that is anything for people to be ashamed about. Everything that takes place is within the law and the authorities have absolutely no concern. Why should shame be attached to sexuality?  These are happy events – not some of the cocaine-fuelled private parties that probably take place all over the county.’ 

 

The house is being marketed by

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Sotheby’s as a ‘development opportunity’.  Projected plans suggest the new house is unlikely to have any secrets to hide. It appears to be made almost entirely of glass.

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PAKISTAN’S SHAHEEN: DR. MAHBUB-UL-HAQ : Heterodox Economics and Game Theory

 

 

PAKISTAN’S HEROES

 

Dr. Mahbub-ul-Haq

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mahbub-ul-Haq

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heterodox Economics and Game Theory

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Life History 

Born    February 24, 1934

Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, British Indian Empire

Died    July 16, 1998 (aged 64)

New York, United States

Nationality       Pakistan

Institution      Planning Commission

Ministry of Finance

UN Development Program

World Bank

University of Karachi

Statistics Division

Field    Economics (Microeconomics)

Alma mater    University of Punjab (B.A)

Kings College at Cambridge (B.A.)

Yale University (Ph.D.)

Influences      Amartya Sen

Influenced     Inge Kaul

Contributions            Game Theory

Human Development Index (HDI)

Human Development Report (HDR)

Human Development Philosophy

Mahbub-ul-Haq (Urdu: ‫محبوب الحق ‎; February 24, 1934 – July 16, 1998; PhD, FPAS), was a game theorist, economist, and professor of Microeconomics at the University of Karachi. He was involved in the human development theory (HDP), and the founder of the Human Development Report (HDR). According to Haq’s 1996 book Reflections on Human Development his work also opened new avenues to policy proposals for human development paradigms, such as the 20:20 Global Compact and the setting up of the UN Economic Security Council that became the inspiration for the establishment of the United Nations Economic and Social Council.[1]

Contents

                     Biography

Childhood and education

Mahbub-ul-Haq was born in pre-partition Punjab state on February 24, 1934.[2] His teenage years saw the religious violence in India associated with the partition of the subcontinent in August 1947.[2] He and his family narrowly escaped from being butchered in one of the trains heading to Pakistan. The nature of the sectarian violence left a lasting impression on Mahbub-ul-Haq.[2] After reaching Lahore, Haq was given government-sponsored housing and decided to continue his education. In 1954, he applied and was accepted at the Punjab University where he enrolled in the social sciences department.[2]

In 1958 he earned BS in Economics and earned scholarship to resume his studies in Great Britain.[2] He went on to attend Cambridge University where he earned another BA in the same discipline.[2] At Cambridge, Haq gained his BA alongside Amartya Sen, with whom he formed a close, lifelong friendship.[2] After renewing his scholarship, Haq went to United States for his doctoral studies where American economics system would later influence him for his long advocacy for capitalism. He entered in doctoral programme of Yale University and earned PhD in Economics from Yale, which was followed by post-doctoral work at Harvard University.[2] After completing his post-doctoral studies, Haq returned to his country to join the government service.

Government work

Upon returning to Pakistan, Haq joined the Planning Commission and, while still in his 20s, he became chief economist of Planning Commission.[3] He maintained his ties with Finance Ministry and continued serving as economist advisor to the government of Pakistan.[3]

By the 1960s he was delivering speeches all over the country. He supported the policies of President Ayub Khan.[4] Haq advocated capitalism as the economic base of the national economy and helped guide the government to apply free-market principles to boost the economy.[4] In a public press conference in 1965, Haq alleged that “22 industrial family groups had come to dominate the economic and financial life-cycle of Pakistan and that they controlled about two-thirds of industrial assets, 80% of banking and 79% of insurance assets in the industrial domain.”[4] The rapid economic development made Haq’s team doubt the long-term viability of such a pattern of growth. While the international community was applauding Pakistan as a model of development, Haq reserved the concerns and raises questions that all was not well with the distribution of benefits of growth.[4] It came as a surprise to Haq that the strong oligarchy of 22 families had control of the national economy and the private sector.[4] While supporting add taxation of the powerful oligarch families, Haq left the country in 1971, just before the 1971 war that led the secession of East-Pakistan into Bangladesh.[5]

While in the United Kingdom, Haq was called by Bhutto to join the Ministry of Finance, but ultimately refused as he had strong opposing views on socialist economics. Bhutto, in response, began to attack the powerful oligarch families in a programme of nationalization.[5] In 1973 Bhutto again asked Mahbub to return to Pakistan and join his administration in devising a strategy that would lift a large number of Pakistanis out of poverty and stagflation, but ideological differences persuaded Haq not to return.[5]

In 1982 Haq returned at the request of General Zia-ul-Haq, and assumed charge of the Ministry of Finance. He became associated with the Ministry of Defence, where he would go onto play an important role. He was the first chairman of the Executive Committee of the Space Research Commission and assisted in the nuclear weapon policy of the country with Munir Ahmad Khan.

Professional career

Haq also served as the World Bank’s Director of Policy Planning (1970–1982) and headed Pakistan’s Finance Ministry as its minister of finance and planning (1982–1988). In 1989, he was appointed as Special Advisor to the UNDP Administrator, where he led a team of international scholars to produce the first Human Development Report.[6]

World Bank (1970-1982)

During his tenure at the World Bank (1970–82), Haq influenced the Bank’s development philosophy and lending policies, steering more attention towards poverty alleviation programmes and increased allocations for small farm production, nutrition, education, water supply and other social sectors. He wrote a study[7] that served as a precursor to the basic needs and human development approaches of the 1980s.

Minister of Finance, Pakistan (1982-1988)

Serving as Pakistan’s Minister of Finance, Planning and Commerce (1982–88), Dr. Haq is cred with significant tax reforms, deregulation of the economy, increased emphasis on human development and several initiatives for poverty alleviation. According to Parvez Hasan ‘under Mahbub’s direction, the Planning Commission became once again a lively place and began to exert powerful influence on social sector issues, including education and family planning, much neglected in earlier Zia years – as Finance Minister, Mahbub piloted a major acceleration in social spending’.[8]

Advisor to united nations development programme(UNDP) (1989-1995)

In his capacity as Special Advisor to UNDP Administrator, Haq initiated the concept of Human Development and the Human Development Report as its Project Director. He gathered Paul Streeten, Inge Kaul, Frances Stewart, Amartya Sen, and Richard Jolly to prepare annual Human Development Reports.

Establishment of Human Development Center (1996)

In 1996, Haq founded the Human Development Center in Islamabad, Pakistan-a policy research institute committed to organizing professional research, policy studies and seminars in the area of human development, with a special focus on the South Asian region.

Achievements

Haq originated the Human Development Index, which has become one of the most influential and widely used indices to measure human development across countries. The HDI has been used since 1990 by the United Nations Development Programme for its annual Human Development Reports. He also gave 5 year plan to South Korea which helped South Korea to progress rapidly.

Death

Haq died on July 16, 1998 in New York, leaving behind his wife Khadija Haq, son Farhan, and daughter Toneema. In acknowledgement of his contributions, the Human Development Centre, Islamabad was officially renamed the Mahbub ul Haq Human Development Centre on December 13, 1998, with Mrs. Khadija Haq as president.

Tributes from UN

•          ‘Mahbub ul Haq’s untimely death is a loss to the world …’, Kofi Annan, UN Secretary General.

•          ‘… probably more than anyone else, (Mahbub) provided the intellectual impetus for the Bank’s commitment to poverty reduction in the early 1970s.[…]His unique contributions were trend setters for the world and focused attention on the South Asian social realities, urging all of us to look at the dark corners of our social milieus’. James Wolfensohn, President of the World Bank.

The Mahbub ul Haq Award for Outstanding Contribution to Human Development

In honour of Haq, UNDP established this award that alternates between recognizing political and civil society leaders. Recipients include:[9]

•          2007 – Sheila Watt-Cloutier, Canadian Inuit activist.

•          2004 – Fazle Hasan Abed, founder of BRAC (NGO) in Bangladesh

•          2002 – Fernando Henrique Cardoso, President of Brazil, 1995–2003

Selected works

•          The Strategy of Economic Planning (1963)

•          The Poverty Curtain: Choices for the Third World (1976). Columbia University Press. 247 pages. ISBN 0-231-04062-8

•          The Myth of the Friendly Markets (1992)

•          Reflections on Human Development (1996) Oxford University Press. 1st ion (1996): 288 pages, ISBN 0-19-510193-6. 2nd ion (1999): 324 pages, ISBN 0-19-564598-7

•          The UN And The Bretton Woods Institutions : New Challenges For The Twenty-First Century / ed By Mahbub Ul Haq … [Et Al.] (1995)

•          The Vision and the Reality (1995)

•          The Third World and the international economic order (1976)

•          New Imperatives of Human Security (1995)

•          A New Framework for Development Cooperation (1995)

•          Humanizing Global Institutions (1998)

Notes

1.         Mahbub ul Haq (1996) Reflections on Human Development. Oxford University Press. 288 pages. ISBN 0-19-510193-6

2.          Sen, Amartya; Tam Dalyell (Monday 03 August 1998). “Obituary: Mahbub ul Haq”. Amartya Sen, Tam Dalyell. The Independent. Retrieved 10 August 2012. More than one of |author= and |last= specified (help)

3.          Crossette, Barbara (July 17, 1998). “Mahbub ul Haq, 64, Analyst And Critic of Global Poverty”. The New York Times. The New York Times. p. 2. Retrieved 10 August 2012.

4.         “System is to blame for the 22 wealthy families”. Human Development Center, Originally published on London Times. Human Development Center. March 22, 1973. p. 1. Retrieved 6 September 2012.

5.         Ponzio, Richard; Khadija Haq, (2008). Pioneering the human development revolution: an intellectual biography of Mahbub Ul Haq. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 2008. pp. 256–260. ISBN 9780195695137. |accessdate= requires 

6.         Jump up 
 UNDP (1990) Human Development Report 1990: Concept and Measurement of Human Development. Oxford University press. ISBN 0-19-506480-1

7.         Mahbub ul Haq (1976) The Poverty Curtain: Choices for the Third World. Columbia University Press. 247 pages. ISBN 0-231-04062-8

8.          
 A Tribute to Dr Haq at Human Development Centre website

9.        The Human Development Awards

Web site of Mahbub ul Haq Human Development Centre. Islamabad: A Tribute To Dr. Mahbub ul Haq

External links

•          UNDP Human Development Reports website

•          Dr. Mahbub-ul-Haq page on United Nations in Pakistan site – Contains a tribute, his speeches and the Human Development Review Journal

•          The Mahbub-ul-Haq Development Center

Political offices

Preceded by

Ghulam Ishaq Khan

Finance Minister of Pakistan

1985 – 1986 Succeeded by

Mian Yasin Khan Wattoo

Preceded by

Mian Yasin Khan Wattoo

Finance Minister of Pakistan (caretaker)

1988   Succeeded by

Benazir Bhutto

 

References: Wikipedia

 

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Ehtesaab Dey Chief Commisioner Sahib Bahadur


Unknown-1

Munnu Bhai is a columinst,[1] poet and writer of Pakistan.[2] His career as a drama writer was primarily devoted to Pakistan Television Corporation (PTV). As a playwright, Munnu Bhai’s most famous drama to date is Sona Chandi. He has also written plays like Ashiana[3] and Dashat[4] and contributed in an environmental docudrama Before Its Too Late.[5] Tamanna, a UK-Pakistani production shot entirely in Pakistan with the soundtrack featuring Rahat Fateh Ali Khan is also written by Munnu Bhai.

References[Courtesy Wikipedia]

  1. http://www.columnist.pk/category/urdu-columnist/munu-bhai/
  2. www.facebook.com/pages/Munnu-Bhai-Lovers/242641335777997
  3. http://www.pakistanitvdrama.com/tag/ashiana/
  4. http://www.pakistanitvdrama.com/tag/munnoo-bhai/http://www.worldcat.org/title/before-its-too-late-the-making-of-an-environmental-docu-drama/oclc/84919213

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PAKISTAN’S ‘NUCLEAR & MISSILE CLUB’ EXPANDS :NAWAZ SHARIF CUTS PAF VISION 2025 PROGRAM IN VINDICTIVE ANGER AGAINST PAK ARMED FORCES OVER KARGIL

PAKISTAN’S ‘NUCLEAR & MISSILE CLUB’ EXPANDS

Pakistan’s ‘Nuclear Club’ expands
 
 
nasarA new short range ballistic missile Hatf-IX (NASR) has recently been added in Pakistan’s nuke club. NASR with a range of 60 km, have a quick response system, can carry four missiles, have high accuracy and ensures deterrence in evolving scenario. It was part of short-range surface-to-surface ballistic missile (SRBMs) and its medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) is expected to be completed in three cycles by July of this year. A short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) is a ballistic missile with a range of about 1,000 km or less. It should be noted that Nasr is a modern missile, developed considering the evolving threats to ballistic missiles. Shaheen-IA is developed keeping the same threat in mind, and so will be the future ballistic missiles of Pakistan.
 
 NASR is a significant addition as it is designed to defeat all eminent anti-tactical missile defense systems. Small range Nuclear Warheads are not meant to wipe out cities. Instead their role is to wipe out enemy bases or a strategic point which is too hard to be conquered. This 60 km range battle field missile is meant to be used with Tactical Nukes – not Strategic – to stop advancing armor division’s entering into the country. Many strategic planners in New Delhi have long been of the opinion that there exist loopholes in the Pakistani deterrence at shorter ranges which can be exploited in the Indian Cold Start Doctrine to capture Pakistani territory. Therefore missile is considered to be more deadly then longer range missiles because as it lower the nuclear threshold (for tactical nukes). The Americans had at one point deployed similar short range battlefield nukes in East-Europe against the Soviets – to underscore the will to go all out nuclear against a larger invading force. It is called an effective deterrence.
 
The NASR is more likely to be utilized as a means of targeting static Indian military infrastructure close to the border with conventional warheads – a more accurate substitute to an MBRL. Shireen Mazari has termed NASR as counter to India’s limited war doctrine. We are signaling our acquisition of tactical missile capability and miniaturization technology. This will allow our already developed cruise missiles – the Hatf-VIII [Ra’ad] which is an air-launched cruise missile [ALCM] and Hatf-VII [Babur], which is a ground-launched cruise missile [GLCM] – to be miniaturized for sea-launched submarine capability in order to move on to a second-strike capability. This would help stabilize the nuclear deterrence and its credibility.” Missiles development does not mean offense but they serve as a deterrent when our hostile state is in race to increase its missile capability. Napoleon Bonaparte once said that “He who fears being conquered is sure of defeat”. Hence to defeat the fear, state has to take steps to fortify its defense. Scientists, military and nation should be congratulated for such developments which ensure state security.
 
 
 
 Please Send Articles for Publication in PAKISTAN THINK TANK at the following Address:  agamjd@gmail.com
 
 
Please Send Articles for Publication:  agamjd@gmail.com

Pakistan’s Missile Program

Courtesy: http://blogs.transparent.com/urdu/pakistans-missile-program/

Posted on 05. Mar, 2013 by  

Motivated by ongoing hostilities with India, Pakistan embarked upon an intense ballistic missile development program in the early 1980′s. Overcoming technical naivete  substantial disadvantages in infrastructure and human capital relative to India, the imposition of U.S. and Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) sanctions, and the uncertainties of democratization, Pakistan gained a sophisticated missile arsenal in only 30 years.

 
 

The perceived strategic necessity of displaying the ability to execute a nuclear strike deep within India has sustained Pakistan’s interest in medium- and long-range missiles. The Congressional Research Service and other assessments continue to report ongoing Pakistani missile collaborations with China and North Korea. Pakistan also remains a non-signatory to the MTCR, but the last U.S. missile sanction laws against Pakistani entities were waived in 2003. Recent missile developments, such as the April 2011 test-firing of the short-range nuclear capable Hatf-9/NASR missile, indicate potential Pakistani interest in building a tactical nuclear capability. Pakistan considers its nuclear weapons to be national “crown jewels” and likely holds missile delivery systems in a similar regard. Barring substantial changes in South Asian geopolitics, a change in attitude seems unlikely.

Barring unprecedented industrial growth and a substantially enhanced defense-industrial base, Pakistan will likely continue its strategy of developing advanced missile systems with foreign assistance rather than pursuing the more expensive and less feasible option of pure indigenous development. Continued state patronage, fueled by competition with India, the high prestige accorded to Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal, and the symbolic value of diversifying missile delivery systems will likely sustain continued missile development in Pakistan.

Here are the Known Missiles Currently Held by Pakistan:Battlefield range ballistic missiles (BRBM):

  • Hatf-I/IA
  • Abdali-I
  • Nasr (Hatf-IX)

Short Range Ballistic Missiles (SRBM):

  • Ghaznavi
  • Abdali-II

Medium Range Ballistic Missiles (MRBM):

  • Ghauri I
  • Shaheen I
  • Ghauri II
  • Shaheen II

Intermediate Range Ballistic Missiles (IRBM):

  • Ghauri-III
  • Shaheen-III (missile is under development)

Intercontinental Ballistic missile (ICBM):Taimur 7,000 km, a proposed ICBM is under development for targeting Eastern India and potential rogue enemies in the Middle EastCruise Missiles:

  • Babur (Hatf VII) – Ground-Launched Cruise Missile (submarine-launched version under development)
  • Hatf-VIII (Ra’ad) – Air-launched Cruise Missile developed exclusively for launch from Aerial Platforms.

 MIRVs

 
Pakistani engineers are also said to be in the advance stages of developing MIRV technology for its missiles. This would allow the military to fit several warheads on the same ballistic missile and then launch them at separate targets (Reference:BBC News. 2010-12-01.)
 
“QASIM” ANTI-MISSILE DEFENCE SYSTEM UNDER DEVELOPMENT
 
Along with the lethality of Pakistan Air Force’s F-16 and  J-10Pakistan has opted to develop High Altitude Missile Defence based on yet to be named Missile Defence System, which we propose should be called Qasim (After Muslim General Muhammad Bin Qasim) to shoot down short to medium range missiles like the Agni Series using a hit-to-kill approach. Qasim series missile will be based on kinetic energy of the impact. Kalar Kahar and Somiani will be two sites for its deployment.
 
Pakistan’s cabinet gave approval to the country’s air force to begin negotiations for the purchase of F-16 and J-10 fighter aircrafts from the US and China. Both America and China has already offered these planes to Pakistan. PAF will purchase 98 hi-tech aircraft besides missiles and other equipment to improve the capabilities of Pakistan Air Force (PAF). Mixed package of hi-tech aircraft and equipment is being purchased from USA and China are as under: J-10 aircraft (36), F-16 A/B, ex-Pakistan (26), F-16 C/D (18 with an option for 18 more), SD-10 BVR missiles (300), BVR, 500 (American), targeting pods 18 and joint direct attack munitions (500). 
 
Nawaz Sharif has Cut The Pakistan Air Force Development Program: Vision 2025 of PAF Strategic Planning Shelved by PML(N)

The expenditure on the entire package would be met from PAF share in Armed Forces Development Program (AFFDP-2019), the document says. The Cabinet (Interim Government), according to the document, had allowed PAF to set up Joint Working Group (JWG) with CATIC for procurement of 36 FC-20 aircraft. The government was also seeking for PAF in securing long-term credit financing for the J-10 aircraft from Chinese government, besides allowing PAF to initiate a Letter of Request (LoR) for the F-16 package and equipment through the Defence Ministry.
 
Megaton Weapons Miniaturized & Deployed on Ghauri Missiles &Smaller 0.5 Kilotons on NASR Missiles in Rajasthan/ Bikaner Axis  
 
References:
 
defensenews.com
defence.pk
strategycenter.net
Wikipedia
intellectualtakeout.org

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